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Webster 1913 Edition


Ost

Ost

,
Noun.
See
Oast
.

Webster 1828 Edition


Ost

OST

,

Definition 2022


Ost

Ost

See also: ost, OST, ôt, öst, øst, and -ost

German

Noun

Ost m (genitive Osts or Ost, no plural)

  1. the east (used without article; a short form of Osten)
    • der Wind kommt aus Ost
      the wind is coming from the east
  2. a wind coming from the east (used with article)

Antonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Compounds

See also

ost

ost

See also: Ost, OST, ôt, öst, øst, and -ost

English

Noun

ost (plural osts)

  1. Alternative form of oast


Danish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ost/, [ɔsd̥]

Etymology 1

From Middle Low German ōst (east).

Adverb

ost

  1. (obsolete) east

Noun

ost

  1. (obsolete) east
Synonyms

Etymology 2

From Old Norse ostr.

Noun

ost c (singular definite osten, plural indefinite oste)

  1. cheese
Inflection

Estonian

Noun

ost (genitive ostu, partitive ostu)

  1. purchase

Declension

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Faroese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɔst/
  • Rhymes: -ɔst
  • Homophone: ást

Noun

ost

  1. accusative singular of ostur

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɔst/

Noun

ost m (plural osts)

  1. host, army

Icelandic

Noun

ost

  1. indefinite accusative singular of ostur

Latvian

Ost vīnu

Etymology

From *uosti, from Proto-Baltic *uod-ti, from *ōd-, from Proto-Indo-European *od-, *ōd-, *h₃ed- (to smell). Cognates include Lithuanian úosti, Old Czech jadati (to explore, to investigate), Ancient Greek ὄζω (ózō, to smell), Latin odōr (smell), Albanian amë (unpleasant smell).[1]

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [uôst]

Verb

ost tr. or intr., 1st conj., pres. ožu, od, , past odu

  1. to smell (to perceive an odor)
    ost cepeti ― to smell roast(ed meat)
    ost vīnu ― to smell the wine
    ost spirta smaku ― to smell the odor of alcohol
    strādājot virtuvē, visu laiku redzot, ožot ēdienu, it kā ēstgribas vairs nav ― working in a kitchen, seeing and smelling food all the time, it is as if one no longer had (= could feel) the desire to eat
  2. to smell, to sniff (to inhale air through the nose, usually several times, in order to try to perceive a smell)
    ost ēteri ― to smell ether
    ožamais spirtssmelling salts, hartshorn (lit. smellable alcohol)
    divi cilvēki, piebāzuši pirkstu galus pie deguna, steidzīgi oda kaut ko baltu kā lauku vecenes šņaucamo tabaku ― two people, bringing the tips of their fingers to their noses, quickly smelled something white, like old women snuffing tobacco in the countryside
  3. (figuratively, colloquial) to smell (to sense, to find out)
    saimnieks jau dabūjis ost, ka tu citu vietu meklējoties ― the landowner has already managed to smell that you are looking for another place
  4. to smell, to stink (to have, to spread a bad, unpleasant smell)
    te pēc benzīna ― it smells like gasoline here
    ost pēc ķiplokiem, siļķēm, alus ― to smell like garlic, herring, beer
  5. to smell (to have, to spread a pleasant odor)
    ost pēc odekolona ― to smell like eau-de-cologne
    puķe jauki ― the flower smells nice
    nokāpj gravā; pēc valgmes un pērnajām lapām ― he goes down the ravine; (there) it smells like dampness and last year's leaves
  6. (figuratively, colloquial) to smell (to suggest, make think of something, usually unpleasant)
    tas jau oda pēc fašisma ― that smelled like fascism

Conjugation

Synonyms

  • (of "to sniff"): ostīt
  • (of "to sense"): jaust
  • (of "to stink"): smirdēt, smakot
  • (of "to spread pleasant odor"): smaržot

Derived terms

prefixed verbs:
  • izost
  • paost
  • saost
  • uzost
other derived terms:

Related terms

References

  1. Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), ost”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Middle French

Etymology

Old French ost.

Noun

ost m, f (plural osts)

  1. army

Descendants

References

  • ost on Dictionnaire du Moyen Français (1330-1500) (in French)

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse ostr.

Noun

ost m (definite singular osten, indefinite plural oster, definite plural ostene)

  1. cheese

Derived terms


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse ostr.

Noun

ost m (definite singular osten, indefinite plural ostar, definite plural ostane)

  1. cheese

Derived terms


Old English

Noun

ōst m

  1. knot in a tree

Declension

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Old French

Alternative forms

Etymology

Latin hostis.

Noun

ost m, f

  1. army (armed military force)

Usage notes

  • Has a regular declension as both a masculine and a feminine noun
    nominative singular oz, oblique plural oz, nominative plural ost when masculine
    nominative singular ost, oblique plural oz, nominative plural oz when feminine
  • see Appendix:Old French nouns

Romansch

Etymology

From a Germanic language.

Noun

ost m (plural osts)

  1. east

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

Related terms


Slovene

Etymology

Back-formation from oster.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈóːst/
  • Tonal orthography: ọ̑st

Noun

óst f (genitive ostí, nominative plural ostí)

  1. sharp tip

Declension


Swedish

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old Swedish oster, from Old Norse ostr, from Proto-Germanic *justaz, from Proto-Indo-European *yaus-, *yūs-.

Noun

ost c

  1. cheese
Declension
Inflection of ost 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ost osten ostar ostarna
Genitive osts ostens ostars ostarnas
Related terms
  • grönmögelost
  • herrgårdsost
  • hushållsost
  • hårdost
  • lyckost
  • mjukost
  • osta
  • ostaffär
  • ostberedning
  • ostbit
  • ostborr
  • ostbricka
  • ostburgare
  • ostbågar
  • ostdisk
  • ostfluga
  • ostkräm
  • ostkupa
  • ostmacka
  • ostmask
  • ostmassa
  • ostskalk
  • ostskiva
  • ostsmörgås
  • oststång
  • ostsås
  • ostvassla
  • ostämne
  • prästost
  • rivost

Etymology 2

Alternative forms

Adverb

ost (not comparable)

  1. east
    Kotka ligger ost om Helsingfors.
    Kotka lies east of Helsinki.

Noun

ost c (uncountable)

  1. east
Related terms

References


Tocharian B

Etymology

From Proto-Tocharian *wɔstä. Compare Tocharian A waṣt.

Noun

ost

  1. house

Vilamovian

Pronunciation

Noun

ost m

  1. bough, branch