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Webster 1913 Edition


Array

Ar-ray′

,
Noun.
[OE.
arai
,
arrai
, OF.
arrai
,
arrei
,
arroi
, order, arrangement, dress, F.
arroi
;
a
(L.
ad
) + OF.
rai
,
rei
,
roi
, order, arrangement, fr. G. or Scand.; cf. Goth.
raidjan
,
garaidjan
, to arrange, MHG.
gereiten
, Icel.
reiði
rigging, harness; akin to E.
ready
. Cf.
Ready
,
Greith
,
Curry
.]
1.
Order; a regular and imposing arrangement; disposition in regular lines; hence, order of battle;
as, drawn up in battle
array
.
Wedged together in the closest
array
.
Gibbon.
2.
The whole body of persons thus placed in order; an orderly collection; hence, a body of soldiers.
A gallant
array
of nobles and cavaliers.
Prescott.
3.
An imposing series of things.
Their long
array
of sapphire and of gold.
Byron.
4.
Dress; garments disposed in order upon the person; rich or beautiful apparel.
Dryden.
5.
(Law)
(a)
A ranking or setting forth in order, by the proper officer, of a jury as impaneled in a cause.
(b)
The panel itself.
(c)
The whole body of jurors summoned to attend the court.
To challenge the array
(Law)
,
to except to the whole panel.
Cowell.
Tomlins.
Blount.
Commission of array
(Eng. Hist.)
,
a commission given by the prince to officers in every county, to muster and array the inhabitants, or see them in a condition for war.
Blackstone.

Ar-ray′

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Arrayed
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Arraying
.]
[OE.
araien
,
arraien
, fr. OE.
arraier
,
arreier
,
arreer
,
arroier
, fr.
arrai
. See
Array
,
Noun.
]
1.
To place or dispose in order, as troops for battle; to marshal.
By torch and trumpet fast
arrayed
,
Each horseman drew his battle blade.
Campbell.
These doubts will be
arrayed
before their minds.
Farrar.
2.
To deck or dress; to adorn with dress; to cloth to envelop; – applied esp. to dress of a splendid kind.
Pharaoh . . .
arrayed
him in vestures of fine linen.
Gen. xli.[GREEK].
In gelid caves with horrid gloom
arrayed
.
Trumbull.
3.
(Law)
To set in order, as a jury, for the trial of a cause; that is, to call them man by man.
Blackstone.
To array a panel
,
to set forth in order the men that are impaneled.
Cowell.
Tomlins.
Syn. – To draw up; arrange; dispose; set in order.

Webster 1828 Edition


Array

ARRA'Y

,
Noun.
1.
Order; disposition in regular lines; as an army in battle array. Hence a posture of defense.
2.
Dress; garments disposed in order upon the person.
3.
In law, the act of impaneling a jury; or a jury impaneled; that is, a jury set in order by the sheriff, or called man by man.
Commission of array, in English history, was a commission given by the prince to officers in every county, to muster and array the inhabitants, or see them in a condition for war.

ARRA'Y

, v.t.
1.
To place or dispose in order, as troops for battle.
2.
To deck or dress; to adorn with dress; it is applied especially to dress of a splendid kind.
Array thyself with glory. Job 40.
Pharaoh arrayed Joseph with fine linen. Gen.41.
3.
To set a jury in order for the trial of a cause; that is, to call them man by man.
4.
To envelop.
In gelid caves with horrid glooms arrayed.

Definition 2022


array

array

English

Noun

array (plural arrays)

  1. Clothing and ornamentation.
    • 2002, David L. Thompson, “River of Memories -An Appalachian Boyhood-”, in (Please provide the title of the work), page 69:
      Upon leaving the center, I photographed the colorful array of petunias decorating the square in purple, pink, yellow, white, and magenta.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)
  2. A collection laid out to be viewed in full.
  3. An orderly series, arrangement or sequence.
    • Prescott
      a gallant array of nobles and cavaliers
  4. Order; a regular and imposing arrangement; disposition in regular lines; hence, order of battle.
    drawn up in battle array
    • Gibbon
      wedged together in the closest array
  5. A large collection.
    • Byron
      their long array of sapphire and of gold
    We offer a dazzling array of choices.
    • 2011 October 23, Phil McNulty, “Man Utd 1 - 6 Man City”, in BBC Sport:
      Mario Balotelli, in the headlines for accidentally setting his house ablaze with fireworks, put City on their way with goals either side of the interval as United struggled to contain the array of attacking talent in front of them.
  6. (mathematics) Common name for matrix.
  7. (programming) Any of various data structures designed to hold multiple elements of the same type; especially, a data structure that holds these elements in adjacent memory locations so that they may be retrieved using numeric indices.
  8. (law) A ranking or setting forth in order, by the proper officer, of a jury as impanelled in a cause; the panel itself; or the whole body of jurors summoned to attend the court.
  9. (military) A militia.
  10. The same as a microarray.

Usage notes

  • (any of various data structures): The exact usage of the term array, and of related terms, generally depends on the programming language. For example, many languages distinguish a fairly low-level "array" construct from a higher-level "list" or "vector" construct. Some languages distinguish between an "array" and a variety of "associative array"; others have only the latter concept, calling it an "array".

Antonyms

Hyponyms

Related terms

Translations

See also

  • (any of various data structures): ones-based indexing, zero-based indexing

Verb

array (third-person singular simple present arrays, present participle arraying, simple past and past participle arrayed)

  1. To clothe and ornament; to adorn or attire
    He was arrayed in his finest robes and jewels.
  2. To lay out in an orderly arrangement; to deploy or marshal
  3. (law) To set in order, as a jury, for the trial of a cause; that is, to call them one at a time.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Blackstone to this entry?)

Translations


Portuguese

Noun

array m (plural arrays)

  1. (programming) array (any of various data structures)

Synonyms