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Definition 2022


-ig

-ig

See also: ig, Ig, IG, ig., ig-, and i.G.

Danish

Suffix

-ig

  1. -y for adjectives

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Danish_words_suffixed_with_-ig'>Danish words suffixed with -ig</a>

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪx/, /əx/

Etymology

From Old Dutch -ag, -ig, from Proto-Germanic *-agaz, *-īgaz, *-ugaz, each a variant of a common suffix *-gaz. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *-kos, *-ko-.

Suffix

-ig

  1. -y, forming adjectives from nouns or verb stems
  2. -ed, when attached to a noun preceded by an adjective that describes the noun
    roodharig ― red-haired
    dikhuidig ― thick-skinned
    tweebenig ― two-legged

Inflection

Inflection of -ig
uninflected -ig
inflected -ige
comparative -iger
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial -ig -iger het -igst
het -igste
indefinite m./f. sing. -ige -igere -igste
n. sing. -ig -iger -igste
plural -ige -igere -igste
definite -ige -igere -igste
partitive -igs -igers

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Dutch_words_suffixed_with_-ig'>Dutch words suffixed with -ig</a>

German

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *-īgaz (-y, -ic), from Proto-Indo-European *-ikos, *-iḱos (-y, -ic), from Proto-Indo-European *-kos, *-ko-. Cognates: see *-īgaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪç/ (Germany; less common in southern regiolects)
  • IPA(key): /ɪk/, /ɪg̊/, /ig̊/ (common form in southern Germany, Austria, and Switzerland)
  • IPA(key): /ɪɕ/, /ɪʃ/ (some central German speakers)

Suffix

-ig

  1. -y, forming adjectives from nouns
  2. forming adjectives from verbs, well doing
  3. forming adjectives from adverbs

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:German_words_suffixed_with_-ig'>German words suffixed with -ig</a>

Declension

See also


Hungarian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [iɡ]

Suffix

-ig

  1. (case suffix) until, till, up to. Used to form the terminative case. It can refer to both time and place. It is used by both back and front vowel words.
    Ötig dolgozom. - I work until five o'clock.
    Az állomásig busszal mentünk, de onnan hazáig már gyalog. - We traveled by bus to the station but from there to home we walked.
  2. for a specified length of time
    10 percig olvastam a levelet, olyan hosszú volt. - I was reading the letter for 10 minutes, it was so long.

Usage notes

  • (until): With pointlike events or places the meaning is clear. However, it is ambiguous when the given event itself is lasting for some time or the given object is such that it counts whether it is included, excluded or partially included.
    Szerdáig van időd. - You got time until Wednesday.
    • With exclusion: on Wednesday 00:01 A.M. you are already late (rare, probably would say keddig; until Tuesday)
    • With partial inclusion: the border line is somewhere during the day (most likely)
    • With full inclusion: you have the full Wednesday (also possible)

See also

  • Category:Hungarian noun forms
  • Appendix:Hungarian suffixes

Old English

Suffix

-iġ

  1. forming adjectives from nouns and verbs (see -y)

Derived terms


Old Saxon

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *-īgaz, from Proto-Indo-European *-kos, *-ko-. Cognate with Old English -ig, Dutch -ig, Old High German -ag, -īg (German -ig), Old Norse -agr, -igr; and with Welsh -eg, Latin -icus, Ancient Greek -ικός (-ikós), Sanskrit -इक (-ika).

Suffix

-ig

  1. forming adjectives from i-stem nouns and verbs (see English -y)

Related terms


Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse -agr, -igr, from Proto-Germanic *-gaz, from Proto-Indo-European *-kos, *-ko-.

Suffix

-ig

  1. -y; making adjectives

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Swedish_words_suffixed_with_-ig'>Swedish words suffixed with -ig</a>