Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


-ed

-ed

.
The termination of the past participle of regular, or weak, verbs; also, of analogous participial adjectives from nouns;
as, pigment
ed
; talent
ed
.

Definition 2022


-ed

-ed

See also: Appendix:Variations of "ed"

English

Alternative forms

Suffix

-ed

  1. Used to form past tenses of (regular) verbs. In linguistics, it is used for the base form of any past form. See -t for a variant.
    pointed (as in He pointed at the dog.)

Etymology 2

From Middle English -ed, from Old English -od (class 2 weak past participle), from Proto-Germanic *-ōdaz.

Suffix

-ed

  1. Used to form past participles of (regular) verbs. See -en and -t for variants.
    pointed (as in He has pointed at the dog.)

Etymology 3

From Middle English -ed, from Old English -od (adjective suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-ōdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *-eh₂tos. While identical in appearance to the past participle of class 2 weak verbs, this suffix was attached directly to nouns without any intervening verb. Compare also Latin -ātus.

Suffix

-ed

  1. Used to form adjectives from nouns, in the sense of having the object represented by the noun.
    pointed (as in A needle has a pointed end. - the end of a needle has a point.)
    horned (as in a horned antelope - an antelope possessing horns)
  2. As an extension of the above, when used along with an adjective preceding the noun, describes something that has an object of a particular quality. See bahuvrihi.
    red-haired (having red hair)
    left-handed (having a left hand as more dexterous hand)
Antonyms
Translations

See also


Breton

Etymology

Cognate to Cornish -es.

Suffix

-ed

  1. Suffix denoting plural of certain nouns
    kazhez (female cat) + -edkazhezed (female cats)

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Breton_words_suffixed_with_-ed'>Breton words suffixed with -ed</a>

Hungarian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɛd]

Etymology 1

-e- (linking vowel) + -d (possessive suffix)

Suffix

-ed

  1. (possessive suffix) your (second-person singular, single possession)
    kert (garden)a kerted (your (singular, informal) garden)
Usage notes
  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -d is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -ad is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -od is added to some other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ed is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öd is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant

Etymology 2

-e- (linking vowel) + -d (personal suffix)

Suffix

-ed

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the second-person singular present tense of verbs (indicative mood, definite conjugation).
    fest (to paint)fested (you paint something, you are painting something)
Usage notes
  • (personal suffix) See harmonic variants in the table below.

Etymology 3

-e- (linking vowel) + -d (fraction and frequenative suffix)

Suffix

-ed

  1. (fraction suffix) Added to an cardinal number to form a fraction.
    ezer (thousand)ezred (thousandth)
  2. (frequenative suffix) Added to a stem to form a verb to indicate repetitive action. No longer productive.
    mond (to say)
Usage notes
  • (fraction suffix) Variants:
    -d is added to words ending in a vowel
    -ad is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -od is added to some other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ed is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öd is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (frequenative suffix) Variants:
    -ad is added to back vowel words
    -ed is added to front vowel words
Derived terms
<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Hungarian_numerals_suffixed_with_-ed'>Hungarian numerals suffixed with -ed</a>

See also

  • Category:Hungarian noun forms
  • Category:Hungarian verb forms
  • Appendix:Hungarian possessive suffixes
  • Appendix:Hungarian suffixes

Ido

Etymology

From French -ée, Italian -ata, Spanish -ada, ultimately from Latin -atus.

Suffix

-ed

  1. contents of, -ful.
    manuo (hand) + -edmanuedo (handful)

Derived terms

Category Ido words suffixed with -ed not found

Old English

Suffix

-ed

  1. formed into the likeness of, made into, shaped like, having the qualities of
    æppel (apple) + -edæppled (apple-shaped)

Welsh

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɛd]

Etymology 1

From Proto-Brythonic *-hed, from Proto-Celtic *-isetos.

Suffix

-ed

  1. Forms an equative of an adjective of one or two syllables.
Usage notes

Causes final b, d and g to become p, t and c, respectively. For instance, teg becomes teced.

Etymology 2

Suffix

-ed

  1. Used to form the ordinal forms of five and six.
Coordinate terms

Etymology 3

Suffix

-ed

  1. Used to form verbal nouns.

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Welsh_words_suffixed_with_-ed'>Welsh words suffixed with -ed</a>