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Definition 2022


-ke

-ke

See also: Appendix:Variations of "ke"

Dutch

Alternative forms

Suffix

-ke n (plural -kes)

  1. Appended to a noun, making it diminutive.

Estonian

Suffix

-ke (genitive -kese, partitive -kest)

  1. A noun suffix that builds diminutives from nouns.
  • kivi (stone) → kivike (a small stone)

Declension

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Finnish

Etymology

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /-keˣ/

Suffix

-ke

  1. Forms diminutive forms of nouns.
    aalto (wave)aalloke (wavelet)
    siipi (wing)siiveke (aileron)
    lause (sentence)lauseke (expression; phrase)
  2. Forms nouns from verbs, often to describe the result of an action.
    elää (to live)eläke (pension)
    seisahtaa (to come to a standstill)seisake (railway stop)
  3. (rare) Forms nouns from adjectives.
    lämmin (warm)lämmike (something used to warm up)

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Finnish_words_suffixed_with_-ke'>Finnish words suffixed with -ke</a>

See also

References

  • § 257 ke-sanojen koostumus ja merkitys, Iso suomen kielioppi, 2004

German Low German

Etymology

Compare German -chen, Dutch -ke.

Suffix

-ke

  1. (Low Prussian) Suffix used to form the diminutive of nouns and hypocoristic forms of proper nouns and other parts of speech.
    Brotke
    bread
    Anke
    Annie
    Gottke
    God
    kommke
    come (second-person singular present imperative, hypocoristic)

References

  • Erhard Riemann (et al.), Preußisches Wörterbuch: deutsche Mundarten Ost- und Westpreußens (1974)
  • A. Treichel, Dialectische Räthsel, Reime und Märchen aus dem Ermlande, in the Altpreussische Monatsschrift, volume 27 (1890)
  • H. Frischbier, Preussisches Wörterbuch, Ost- und westpreussische Provinzialismen, volume 1, A-K (1882)
  • H. Frischbier, Preussisches Wörterbuch, Ost- und westpreussische Provinzialismen, volume 2, L-Z (1883)

Hungarian

Etymology

From Proto-Finno-Ugric, compare to Finnish -kka.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [kɛ]

Suffix

-ke

  1. (diminutive suffix) Added to a word to express smallness, youth, unimportance, or endearment. When added to present participles, it can also express the instrument or place of the action indicated in the base word.
    egy (one)egyke (only child)
    egér (mouse)egérke (tiny mouse)
    ül (to sit)ülő (sitting)ülőke (seat, small seat)

Usage notes

  • (diminutive suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -ka is added to back vowel words
    -ke is added to front vowel words

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Hungarian_words_suffixed_with_-ke'>Hungarian words suffixed with -ke</a>

See also

  • -cske
  • Appendix:Hungarian suffixes