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Definition 2022


-ne

-ne

See also: Appendix:Variations of "ne"

Chuukese

Suffix

-ne

  1. (added to tense adverbs suffixed with -pwe) quickly, soon

Danish

Suffix

-ne

  1. Marker of definiteness on nouns in the plural
    stole (from stol (chair)); stolene, chairs; the chairs
    æbler (from æble (apple)); æblerne, apple; the apples
  2. Used with some adjectives to form inchoative verbs
    gul; gulne, yellow; become yellow.

Usage notes

Inchoative verb
The suffix -ne may be analysed as two morphemes (-n (incoative verb stem) + -a (infinitive)). In Danish, this affix alternates with plain infinitive -e.

Estonian

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *-inen. Cognate with Finnish -inen.

Suffix

-ne (genitive -se, partitive -set or -st)

  1. -al, -ic, -ous; creates adjectives from nouns indicating a relationship or property.
  2. -en; creates adjectives indicating the material of which something is made.

Inflection

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Estonian_words_suffixed_with_-ne'>Estonian words suffixed with -ne</a>

Finnish

Suffix

-ne

  1. The suffix used to form the comitative case. It denotes companionship and ownership, and is written where English would use "together with (one's possession)".
    Menin ruskeine koirineni.
    I went together with my brown dog.
    Tiibet on mielenkiintoinen maa suurine vuorineen.
    Tibet is a fascinating land, together with its great mountains.

Usage notes

  • Relatively rare in spoken Finnish. The idea of comitative is more often expressed with other structures, particularly the postposition kanssa (together with).
  • Grammatically comitative is always plural, even if used of a singular object.
  • In nouns the suffix -ne is appended with the appropriate possessive suffix. In Wiktionary the declension tables of Finnish nouns show the comitative with the 3rd person suffix -en to form -neen.

Hungarian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [nɛ]

Suffix

-ne

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the third-person singular present tense of verbs (conditional mood, indefinite conjugation).
    kér (to ask)kérne (he/she would ask)

Usage notes

  • (personal suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -na is added to most back vowel verbs
    vár (to wait)várna (he/she would wait)
    -ne is added to most front vowel verbs
    kér (to ask)kérne (he/she would ask)
    -ana is added to back vowel verbs ending in two consonants or in a long vowel + t (exceptions áll, száll, varr, forr, lát)
    mond (to say something)mondana (he/she would say something)
    tanít (to teach)tanítana (he/she would teach)
    -ene is added to front vowel verbs ending in two consonants or in a long vowel + t
    fest (to paint)festene (he/she would paint)
    segít (to help)segítene (he/she would help)

See also

  • Category:Hungarian verb forms
  • Appendix:Hungarian suffixes

Irish

Alternative forms

  • -e (used after -nn in pronouns)
  • -na (used after velarized consonants and back vowels)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /nʲə/

Suffix

-ne

  1. emphatic suffix of the first-person plural; used after palatalized consonants and front vowels

Usage notes

Spelled with a hyphen after n, otherwise without a hyphen (but reduced to -e and spelled without a hyphen after -nn in pronouns).

  • Added to nouns (or adjectives modifying a noun) in the presence of the possessive adjective to emphasize the possessor rather than the thing possessed:
    ár n-athairneour father
    ár gcapall donn-naour brown horse
  • Added to pronouns (both simple and prepositional) to add emphasis (not to create a reflexive pronoun):
    againne ― at us
    sinne, muidnewe, us
  • Added to synthetic verb forms to add emphasis to the subject:
    cloisfimidnewe will hear
    chualamarnawe will hear

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Irish_words_suffixed_with_-ne'>Irish words suffixed with -ne</a>

Related terms


Latin

Alternative forms

Etymology

From ne (not).

Particle

-ne (interrogative enclitic)

  1. Added to the end of the a word in a phrase (usually the first word) to make it a question.
    Nihilne in mentem?
    Does nothing suggest itself to your mind?
    Ah, pergisne?
    Ah, at it again?
    Esne iratus, frater?
    Are you angry, brother?
    Potesne mihi succurrere, quaeso?
    Can you help me, please?
  2. or(introduces a question or an alternative)

Usage notes

  • A question requiring an answer of "yes" or "no" is formed by adding -ne to the emphatic word:
    Is tibi mortemne vidētur aut dolōrem timēre?
    Does it seem to you to be death that he fears or pain?
    Hīcine vir usquam nisi in patriā moriētur?
    Shall this man die anywhere but in his native land?
    ne id veritus es?
    Did you fear that?
  • The enclitic -ne is sometimes omitted.
    Patēre tua cōnsilia nōn sentīs?
    Do you not see that your schemes are manifest?
  • When -ne is added to a negative word (such as nōnne) an affirmative answer is expected.
    Nōnne animadvertis?
    Aren't you paying attention?

See also

Derived terms


Latvian

Alternative forms

Suffix

-ne

  1. A variant of -tne; added to adjectives or verbs to form abstract nouns.

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Latvian_words_suffixed_with_-ne'>Latvian words suffixed with -ne</a>

Scottish Gaelic

Suffix

-ne

  1. -selves (emphatic)

Usage notes

Derived terms

Category Scottish Gaelic words suffixed with -ne not found

See also


Swedish

Suffix

-ne

  1. (obsolete) Marker of definiteness on nouns in the plural
    platser (from plats (place)); platserne, places; the places

Taos

Suffix

-ne

  1. Duoplural number inflection. On nouns in gender III.6, it indicates either collective number or singular noncount (mass) and has corresponding singular agreement marking on verb-forms. (See also: -na, -ną, -nemą.)