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Definition 2022


See also:

Translingual

Taiwanese stroke order

Han character

(radical 170 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓中木田 (NLDW), four-corner 75296, composition)

References

  • KangXi: page 1353, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41698
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1856, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4136, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9673

Chinese

trad.
simp.

Etymology 1

Pronunciation



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰən³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨn²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰən¹¹/
Taoyuan /tʃʰen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tin³⁵/
/tan³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /teiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/
/tʰiŋ⁵⁵/
/taŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sin³¹/
/ʔdaŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (11) (11)
Final () (44) (44)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠiɪn/ /ɖˠiɪnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚin/ /ɖᵚinH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡien/ /ȡienH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖjin/ /ɖjinH/
Li
Rong
/ȡjĕn/ /ȡjĕnH/
Wang
Li
/ȡǐĕn/ /ȡǐĕnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯ĕn/ /ȡʱi̯ĕnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chén zhèn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chén zhèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ drin › ‹ drinH ›
Old
Chinese
/*lri[n]/ /*lri[n]-s/
English arrange battle array

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1392 1395
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'iŋ/ /*l'iŋs/
Notes

Verb

  1. to exhibit, display
    陳設陈设
  2. (only used in compounds) To explain.
    /    chénshù   to describe

Adjective

  1. (only used in compounds) Old, ancient.
    /    chénnián   old
Derived terms

Proper noun

  1. A surname., listed tenth in the Baijiaxing
Descendants
  • (Hokkien dialect) Tagalog: Tan

Etymology 2

Pronunciation



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰən³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨn²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰən¹¹/
Taoyuan /tʃʰen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tin³⁵/
/tan³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /teiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/
/tʰiŋ⁵⁵/
/taŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sin³¹/
/ʔdaŋ³¹/

Noun

  1. Alternative form of

Japanese

Kanji

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
ちん
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (ɖˠiɪn).

Pronunciation

Proper noun

(hiragana ちん, romaji Chin)

  1. Chen dynasty
  2. Chen (state)

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
ひね
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Pronunciation

Alternative forms

Noun

(hiragana ひね, romaji hine)

  1. aging
Derived terms
  •  ()ねる (hineru)

References

  1. 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean

Hanja

(jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune-Reischauer chin, Yale cin)

  1. To spread, to lay out, to unfold.

Vietnamese

Han character

(trần, trận, rần, trằn, trườn, chằn, dằn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings

References

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999