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Definition 2022


See also: and

Translingual

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han character

(radical 128 +11, 17 strokes, cangjie input 土水尸十 (GESJ), four-corner 47401, composition)

References

  • KangXi: page 969, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29166
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1420, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2794, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8072

Chinese

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰreːŋ, *kʰeːŋs
*qʰjeŋ
*kʰeːŋʔ, *kʰeːŋs
*kʰeːŋs
*kʰeːŋs
*qʰeːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰjeŋ) : phonetic  (OC *kʰreːŋ, *kʰeːŋs) + semantic  (ear).

Pronunciation



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiᴇŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɛŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiæŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɕiɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭɛŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ɛŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shēng
Middle
Chinese
‹ syeng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l̥]eŋ/
English sound (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10514
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰjeŋ/

Definitions

  1. sound; noise; voice   (Classifier: c)
    聽到尖叫 / 听到尖叫   Wǒ tīngdào jiānjiào shēng.   I heard someone scream.
    喚醒 / 唤醒   Língshēng jiāng wǒ huànxǐng.   I was roused by the sound of a bell.
    列車逐漸 [MSC, trad.]
    列车逐渐 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ tīng lièchē shēng zhújiàn yuǎn qù. [Pinyin]
    I heard the sound of the train dying away.
    槍炮使群眾驚慌失措 [MSC, trad.]
    枪炮使群众惊慌失措 [MSC, simp.]
    Qiāngpào shēng shǐ qúnzhòng jīnghuāngshīcuò. [Pinyin]
    The crowd panicked at the sound of the guns.
  2. reputation
    /    shēngwàng   popularity
    /    míngshēng   reputation
    /    shēng   reputation
  3. news; messages
  4. tone
    /    shēng   the four tones of Classical and Modern Chinese
  5. to declare; to state
    /    shēngmíng   declaration, statement
    /    shēngchēng   to claim, to declare
    /    shēngtǎo   to denounce
  6. Classifier for sounds.
    槍響 / 枪响   shēng qiāngxiǎng   the sound of a gunshot

Compounds


Japanese

Kanji

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji, kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. voice

Readings

Kanji in this term
こえ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Noun

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana こえ, romaji koe, historical hiragana こゑ)

  1. Kyūjitai spelling of : voice

Korean

Hanja

(seong) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer sŏng, Yale seng)

  1. voice, sound

Vietnamese

Han character

(thanh, thiêng, thinh)

  1. voice, sound