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Webster 1913 Edition


Ar

Ar

,
c
onj.
Ere; before.
[Obs.]
Chaucer.

Definition 2022


ár

ár

See also: Appendix:Variations of "ar"

Faroese

Noun

ár n (genitive singular árs, plural ár)

  1. year
Declension
n3 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ár árið ár árini
Accusative ár árið ár árini
Dative ári árinum árum árunum
Genitive árs ársins ára áranna

Etymology 2

From Old Norse ár, from Proto-Germanic *airō. Cognates include: Old English ār (oar) (English oar).

Noun

ár f (genitive singular árar, plural árar)

  1. oar
Declension
f6 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ár árin árar árarnar
Accusative ár árina árar árarnar
Dative ár árini árum árunum
Genitive árar árarinnar ára áranna

Hungarian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈaːr]
  • Hyphenation: ár

Etymology 1

From Proto-Finno-Ugric *arwa (price, value).[1]

Noun

ár (plural árak)

  1. price
    borsos ár — an exorbitant price
    borsos ára vancost a pretty penny, cost an arm and a leg
Declension
Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative ár árak
accusative árat árakat
dative árnak áraknak
instrumental árral árakkal
causal-final árért árakért
translative árrá árakká
terminative árig árakig
essive-formal árként árakként
essive-modal
inessive árban árakban
superessive áron árakon
adessive árnál áraknál
illative árba árakba
sublative árra árakra
allative árhoz árakhoz
elative árból árakból
delative árról árakról
ablative ártól áraktól
Possessive forms of ár
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. áram áraim
2nd person sing. árad áraid
3rd person sing. ára árai
1st person plural árunk áraink
2nd person plural áratok áraitok
3rd person plural áruk áraik
Derived terms

(Compound words):

Etymology 2

From Proto-Ugric *ϑarɜ (temporary lake coming into being during flood).[2]

Noun

ár (plural árak)

  1. flood or high tide
Declension
Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative ár árak
accusative árt árakat
dative árnak áraknak
instrumental árral árakkal
causal-final árért árakért
translative árrá árakká
terminative árig árakig
essive-formal árként árakként
essive-modal
inessive árban árakban
superessive áron árakon
adessive árnál áraknál
illative árba árakba
sublative árra árakra
allative árhoz árakhoz
elative árból árakból
delative árról árakról
ablative ártól áraktól
Possessive forms of ár
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. áram árjaim
2nd person sing. árad árjaid
3rd person sing. árja árjai
1st person plural árunk árjaink
2nd person plural áratok árjaitok
3rd person plural árjuk árjaik
Derived terms

(Compound words):

Etymology 3

From the Proto-Finno-Ugric *ora (awl).[3]

Noun

ár (plural árak)

  1. awl (pointed instrument for piercing small holes, as in leather or wood)
Declension
Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative ár árak
accusative árt árakat
dative árnak áraknak
instrumental árral árakkal
causal-final árért árakért
translative árrá árakká
terminative árig árakig
essive-formal árként árakként
essive-modal
inessive árban árakban
superessive áron árakon
adessive árnál áraknál
illative árba árakba
sublative árra árakra
allative árhoz árakhoz
elative árból árakból
delative árról árakról
ablative ártól áraktól
Possessive forms of ár
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. áram árjaim
2nd person sing. árad árjaid
3rd person sing. árja árjai
1st person plural árunk árjaink
2nd person plural áratok árjaitok
3rd person plural árjuk árjaik

Etymology 4

From German Ar (are) and French are (are), from Latin ārea (threshing floor).[4]

Noun

ár (plural árak)

  1. are (accepted SI unit of area equal to 100 square metres)
Declension
Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative ár árak
accusative árt árakat
dative árnak áraknak
instrumental árral árakkal
causal-final árért árakért
translative árrá árakká
terminative árig árakig
essive-formal árként árakként
essive-modal
inessive árban árakban
superessive áron árakon
adessive árnál áraknál
illative árba árakba
sublative árra árakra
allative árhoz árakhoz
elative árból árakból
delative árról árakról
ablative ártól áraktól
Possessive forms of ár
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. áram árjaim
2nd person sing. árad árjaid
3rd person sing. árja árjai
1st person plural árunk árjaink
2nd person plural áratok árjaitok
3rd person plural árjuk árjaik
Derived terms

References

  1. Entry #26 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  2. Entry #1747 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  3. Entry #676 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  4. Gábor Zaicz, Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete, Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, ISBN 963 7094 01 6

Icelandic

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /auːr/
  • Rhymes: -auːr

Etymology 1

From Old Norse ár, from Proto-Germanic *aiz. Cognates include: Gothic 𐌰𐌹𐍂 (air, early), Old English ār and ærlice (English early).[1]

Adverb

ár

  1. (rare) early
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Old Norse ár (year), from Proto-Germanic *jērą, from Proto-Germanic *yōr- < *yeh₁r-. Cognates include: Dutch and Afrikaans jaar, English year, German Jahr, Danish, Norwegian and Swedish år.[1]

Noun

ár n (genitive singular árs, nominative plural ár)

  1. year
  2. indefinite accusative singular of ár
  3. indefinite nominative plural of ár
  4. indefinite accusative plural of ár
Declension
Derived terms

Etymology 3

From Old Norse ár, from Proto-Germanic *airō. Cognates include: Old English ār (oar) (English oar).[1]

Noun

ár f (genitive singular árar, nominative plural árar)

  1. oar
  2. indefinite accusative singular of ár
  3. indefinite dative singular of ár
Declension
Derived terms
  • árinni kennir illur ræðari
  • árabátur
  • koma ár sinni vel fyrir borð (to do well for oneself)
  • leggja árar í bát (to give up)
  • taka djúpt í árinni (to express oneself forcefully)
  • róa öllum árum að (to employ all available means towards getting something done)

Etymology 4

Inflection of á

Noun

ár f

  1. indefinite genitive singular of á
  2. indefinite nominative plural of á
  3. indefinite accusative singular of á

References

  1. 1 2 3 Alf Torp, "Nynorsk Etymologisk Ordbok", Oslo 1992 (reprint), ISBN 82-90520-17-4; aarlege, aar

Irish

Etymology 1

From Old Irish ar, from Proto-Celtic *anserom, from Proto-Indo-European *n̥serōm, from *nes- (we, us); compare German unser.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɑːɾˠ/, /əɾˠ/, /ə/

Determiner

ár (triggers eclipsis on the following word)

  1. our
    ár dteach ― our house
    Ár nAthairOur Father
See also

Etymology 2

From Old Irish ár (slaughter), from Proto-Celtic *agros, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eǵro- (hunt); compare Ancient Greek ἄγρα (ágra, hunt).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɑːɾˠ/
  • (Ulster) IPA(key): /æːɾˠ/

Noun

ár m (genitive singular áir)

  1. slaughter, carnage
  2. havoc, destruction

Declension

Etymology 3

Borrowing from French are, from Latin area.

Pronunciation

Noun

ár m (genitive singular áir, nominative plural áir)

  1. are (unit of area equal to 100 square metres)

Declension

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
ár n-ár hár t-ár
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

  • "ár" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • “ár” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • 5 ar (‘our’)” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • ár” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Franz Nikolaus Finck, 1899, Die araner mundart, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, vol. II, 16.

Old Irish

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *agros (slaughter), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eǵro- (hunt); compare Ancient Greek ἄγρα (ágra, hunt)

Noun

ár ? (nominative plural áir or ára)

  1. slaughter, carnage
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 34a19
      donaib araib
      glosses ad strages
  2. defeat, destruction
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 33d4
      du ár
      glosses ad cedem
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 113b4
      etarcnae áir mo namat
      glosses de cede hostium

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms

  • árchú (slaughter-hound, watchdog)
  • ármag (slaughter-plain, battlefield)
  • muccár (swine-massacre)

Descendants

  • Irish: ár
  • Scottish Gaelic: àr

Mutation

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ár unchanged n-ár
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

  • ár” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old Norse

Pronunciation

  • (12th century Icelandic) IPA(key): /ˈɑːr/

Etymology 1

From Proto-Germanic *jērą (year). Cognate with Old English ġēar, Old Frisian jār, Old Saxon jār, Old Dutch jār, Old High German jār, Gothic 𐌾𐌴𐍂 (jēr).
Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *yōr- < *yeh₁r- (year).

Noun

ár n (genitive árs, plural ár)

  1. a year
    • Vǫluspá, verse 6, lines 9-10, in 1860, T. Möbius, Edda Sæmundar hins fróða: mit einem Anhang zum Theil bisher ungedruckter Gedichte. Leipzig, page 2:
      [] undorn ok aptan, / árum at telja.
      [] undern and evening, / years to count.
  2. plenty, abundance
    • Saga Sigurðar Jórsalafara 53, in 1832, R. Rask, Fornmanna sögur, Volume VII. Copenhagen, page 174:
      [] þvíat þá var bæði ár og friðr.
      [] since then there were both plenty and peace.
  3. the name of the A-rune
Declension

Derived terms

Descendants
  • Danish: år n
  • Faroese: ár n
  • Icelandic: ár n
  • Norwegian Bokmål: år n
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: år n
  • Swedish: år n

Etymology 2

From Proto-Germanic *airi (early). Cognate with Old English ār, Gothic 𐌰𐌹𐍂 (air).

Adverb

ár (not comparable)

  1. early, anciently
Descendants
  • Icelandic: ár
  • Swedish: arla (early in the morning)

Etymology 3

From Proto-Germanic *airō (oar). Cognate with Old English ār.

Noun

ár f (genitive árar, plural árar)

  1. oar
Declension
Descendants
  • Icelandic: ár f

References

  • ár in An Icelandic-English Dictionary, R. Cleasby and G. Vigfússon, Clarendon Press, 1874, at Internet Archive.
  • ár in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.