From Old Norse sem (“as, like”), possibly from Proto-Germanic *samaz (“same, alike”).
- IPA(key): /sɛːm/
- Rhymes: -ɛːm
- (before words beginning with a consonant) IPA(key): /sɛm/
- (with a noun phrase) as, like
- Hann var sem guð meðal manna.
- He was like a god amongst men.
- Hár hennar var hvítt sem snjór.
- Her hair was white as snow.
- Hann er sem nýr.
- He is as [good as] new.
- Vista sem…
- Save as…
- (with a clause) like, as if
- Svo virðist sem sjúkdómurinn sé arfgengur
- Is seems as though the disease is hereditary.
- (relative, with a clause) who, which, that
- Þetta er maðurinn sem ég hitti í gær.
- That’s the man that I met yesterday.
- Þetta er konan sem barði mig.
- That’s the woman who hit me.
- first-person singular present indicative of semja
- second-person singular imperative of semja
Possibly from Proto-Germanic *samaz (“same, alike”).
- as, the same, like
- sem in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
From Old Portuguese sen, from Latin sine, from Proto-Indo-European *sene.
- (Portugal) IPA(key): /ˈsɐ̃j̃/, /ˈsẽj̃/
- (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈsẽj̃/
- Hyphenation: sem
- Homophone: cem
- -less; without (not having, containing, characteristic of, etc.)
- Um livro sem capa.
- A book without a cover.
- Casa sem janelas.
- Windowless house.
- (followed by infinitive) without (not doing or not having done something)
- Ele gosta de comer tudo sem dividir.
- He likes to eat everything without sharing.
- Ele atirou sem avisar ninguém.
- He shot without warning anyone.
For usage examples of this term, see Citations:sem.
- (not having, containing, characteristic of, etc.): com
- (not doing or having done something): use gerund (-ando, -endo, -indo)
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