Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Mountain

Moun′tain

,
Noun.
[OE.
mountaine
,
montaine
, F.
montagne
, LL.
montanea
,
montania
, fr. L.
mons
,
montis
, a mountain; cf.
montanus
belonging to a mountain. See 1st
Mount
.]
1.
A large mass of earth and rock, rising above the common level of the earth or adjacent land; earth and rock forming an isolated peak or a ridge; an eminence higher than a hill; a mount.
2.
pl.
A range, chain, or group of such elevations;
as, the White
Mountains
.
3.
A mountainlike mass; something of great bulk; a large quantity.
I should have been a
mountain
of mummy.
Shakespeare
The Mountain
(
La montagne
)
(French Hist.)
,
a popular name given in 1793 to a party of extreme Jacobins in the National Convention, who occupied the highest rows of seats.

Moun′tain

(moun′tĭn)
,
Adj.
1.
Of or pertaining to a mountain or mountains; growing or living on a mountain; found on or peculiar to mountains; among mountains;
as, a
mountain
torrent;
mountain
pines;
mountain
goats;
mountain
air;
mountain
howitzer.
2.
Like a mountain; mountainous; vast; very great.
The high, the
mountain
majesty of worth.
Byron.
Mountain antelope
(Zool.)
,
the goral.
Mountain ash
(Bot.)
,
an ornamental tree, the
Pyrus Americana
(or
Sorbus Americana
), producing beautiful bunches of red berries. Its leaves are pinnate, and its flowers white, growing in fragrant clusters. The European species is the
Pyrus aucuparia
, or rowan tree.
Mountain barometer
,
a portable barometer, adapted for safe transportation, used in measuring the heights of mountains.
Mountain beaver
(Zool.)
,
the sewellel.
Mountain blue
(Min.)
,
blue carbonate of copper; azurite.
Mountain cat
(Zool.)
,
the catamount. See
Catamount
.
Mountain chain
,
a series of contiguous mountain ranges, generally in parallel or consecutive lines or curves.
Mountain cock
(Zool.)
,
capercailzie. See
Capercailzie
.
Mountain cork
(Min.)
,
a variety of asbestus, resembling cork in its texture.
Mountain crystal
.
See under
Crystal
.
Mountain damson
(Bot.)
,
a large tree of the genus
Simaruba
(
Simaruba amarga
) growing in the West Indies, which affords a bitter tonic and astringent, sometimes used in medicine.
Mountain dew
,
Scotch whisky, so called because often illicitly distilled among the mountains.
[Humorous]
Mountain ebony
(Bot.)
,
a small leguminous tree (
Bauhinia variegata
) of the East and West Indies; – so called because of its dark wood. The bark is used medicinally and in tanning.
Mountain flax
(Min.)
,
a variety of asbestus, having very fine fibers; amianthus. See
Amianthus
.
Mountain fringe
(Bot.)
,
climbing fumitory. See under
Fumitory
.
Mountain goat
.
(Zool.)
See
Mazama
.
Mountain green
.
(Min.)
(a)
Green malachite, or carbonate of copper
.
(b)
See
Green earth
, under
Green
,
Adj.
Mountain holly
(Bot.)
,
a branching shrub (
Nemopanthes Canadensis
), having smooth oblong leaves and red berries. It is found in the Northern United States.
Mountain laurel
(Bot.)
,
an American shrub (
Kalmia latifolia
) with glossy evergreen leaves and showy clusters of rose-colored or white flowers. The foliage is poisonous. Called also
American laurel
,
ivy bush
, and
calico bush
. See
Kalmia
.
Mountain leather
(Min.)
,
a variety of asbestus, resembling leather in its texture.
Mountain licorice
(Bot.)
,
a plant of the genus
Trifolium
(
Trifolium Alpinum
).
Mountain limestone
(Geol.)
,
a series of marine limestone strata below the coal measures, and above the old red standstone of Great Britain. See Chart of
Geology
.
Mountain linnet
(Zool.)
,
the twite.
Mountain magpie
.
(Zool.)
(a)
The yaffle, or green woodpecker
.
(b)
The European gray shrike.
Mountain mahogany
(Bot.)
See under
Mahogany
.
Mountain meal
(Min.)
,
a light powdery variety of calcite, occurring as an efflorescence.
Mountain milk
(Min.)
,
a soft spongy variety of carbonate of lime.
Mountain mint
.
(Bot.)
See
Mint
.
Mountain ousel
(Zool.)
,
the ring ousel; – called also
mountain thrush
and
mountain colley
. See
Ousel
.
Mountain pride
, or
Mountain green
(Bot.)
,
a tree of Jamaica (
Spathelia simplex
), which has an unbranched palmlike stem, and a terminal cluster of large, pinnate leaves.
Mountain quail
(Zool.)
,
the plumed partridge (
Oreortyx pictus
) of California. It has two long, slender, plumelike feathers on the head. The throat and sides are chestnut; the belly is brown with transverse bars of black and white; the neck and breast are dark gray.
Mountain range
,
a series of mountains closely related in position and direction.
Mountain rice
.
(Bot.)
(a)
An upland variety of rice, grown without irrigation, in some parts of Asia, Europe, and the United States
.
(b)
An American genus of grasses (
Oryzopsis
).
Mountain rose
(Bot.)
,
a species of rose with solitary flowers, growing in the mountains of Europe (
Rosa alpina
).
Mountain soap
(Min.)
,
a soft earthy mineral, of a brownish color, used in crayon painting; saxonite.
Mountain sorrel
(Bot.)
,
a low perennial plant (
Oxyria digyna
with rounded kidney-form leaves, and small greenish flowers, found in the White Mountains of New Hampshire, and in high northern latitudes.
Gray.
Mountain sparrow
(Zool.)
,
the European tree sparrow.
Mountain spinach
.
(Bot.)
See
Orach
.
Mountain tobacco
(Bot.)
,
a composite plant (
Arnica montana
) of Europe; called also
leopard’s bane
.
Mountain witch
(Zool.)
,
a ground pigeon of Jamaica, of the genus
Geotrygon
.

Webster 1828 Edition


Mountain

MOUNT'AIN

,
Noun.
[L. adjective, montanus.] A large mass of earth and rock, rising above the common level of the earth or adjacent land, but of no definite altitude. We apply mountain to the largest eminences on the globe; but sometimes the word is used for a large hill. In general, mountain denotes an elevation higher and larger than a hill; as the Altaic mountains in Asia, the Alps in Switzerland, the Andes in South America,the Allegheny mountains in Virginia, the Catskill in New York, the White mountains in New Hampshire, and the Green mountains in Vermont. The word is applied to a single elevation, or to an extended range.

MOUNT'AIN

,
Adj.
Pertaining to a mountain; found on mountains; growing or dwelling on a mountain; as mountain air; mountain pines; mountain goats.

Definition 2022


Mountain

Mountain

See also: mountain

English

Proper noun

Mountain

  1. A village in North Dakota.
  2. A town in Wisconsin.

mountain

mountain

English

A mountain (large mass of rock)

Noun

mountain (plural mountains)

  1. A large mass of earth and rock, rising above the common level of the earth or adjacent land, usually given by geographers as above 1000 feet in height (or 304.8 metres), though such masses may still be described as hills in comparison with larger mountains.
    Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
    We spent the weekend hiking in the mountains.
  2. A large amount.
    There's still a mountain of work to do.
  3. (figuratively) A difficult task or challenge.
    • 2011 October 1, Phil Dawkes, “Sunderland 2 - 2 West Brom”, in BBC Sport:
      Five minutes into the game the Black Cats were facing a mountain, partly because of West Brom's newly-found ruthlessness in front of goal but also as a result of the home side's defensive generosity.
  4. (figuratively) A thick breast of a lady.
Usage notes

As with the names of riversg and lakes, the names of mountains are typically formed by adding the generic word before or after the unique term. In the case of mountains, when the word precedes the unique term, mount is used: Mount Olympus, Mount Everest, Mount Tai; when the word follows the unique term, mountain is used: Crowfoot Mountain, Blue Mountain, Rugged Mountain. Generally speaking, such names will be adjectives or attributive nouns, but many foreign placenames formed with adjectives—as China's Huashan—are translated as though they were proper names: Mount Hua instead of Hua Mountain or Flourishing Mountain.

Mountain chains are never named with mount, only with mountains, a translated term, or a pluralized name.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

See also

  • Category:Mountains

References

  • mountain in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
  • mountain in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
  1. mountain” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, v1.0.1, Lexico Publishing Group, 2006.,
  2. OALD

Anagrams