Webster 1913 Edition
[Akin to LG.
daune, cf. D.
dons; perh. akin to E.
Fine, soft, hairy outgrowth from the skin or surface of animals or plants, not matted and fleecy like wool; esp.:
The soft under feathers of birds. They have short stems with soft rachis and bards and long threadlike barbules, without hooklets.
The pubescence of plants; the hairy crown or envelope of the seeds of certain plants, as of the thistle.
The soft hair of the face when beginning to appear.
And the first
downbegins to shade his face.
That which is made of down, as a bed or pillow; that which affords ease and repose, like a bed of down
When in the
Sleep, Death’s twin brother, times my breath.
downI sink my head,
Sleep, Death’s twin brother, times my breath.
Thou bosom softness,
downof all my cares!
a tree of Central America (
Ochroma Lagopus), the seeds of which are enveloped in vegetable wool.
To cover, ornament, line, or stuff with down.
A bank or rounded hillock of sand thrown up by the wind along or near the shore; a flattish-topped hill; – usually in the plural.
Hills afford prospects, as they must needs acknowledge who have been on the
She went by dale, and she went by
A tract of poor, sandy, undulating or hilly land near the sea, covered with fine turf which serves chiefly for the grazing of sheep; – usually in the plural.
Seven thousand broad-tailed sheep grazed on his
A road for shipping in the English Channel or Straits of Dover, near Deal, employed as a naval rendezvous in time of war.
On the 11th [June, 1771] we run up the channel . . . at noon we were abreast of Dover, and about three came to an anchor in the
Downs, and went ashore at Deal.
Cook (First Voyage).
[From the adverb.]
A state of depression; low state; abasement.
downsof life too much outnumber the ups.
In the direction of gravity or toward the center of the earth; toward or in a lower place or position; below; – the opposite of
2.Hence, in many derived uses, as:
From a higher to a lower position, literally or figuratively; in a descending direction; from the top of an ascent; from an upright position; to the ground or floor; to or into a lower or an inferior condition; as, into a state of humility, disgrace, misery, and the like; into a state of rest; – used with verbs indicating motion.
It will be rain to-night. Let it come
I sit me
downbeside the hazel grove.
And that drags
There is not a more melancholy object in the learned world than a man who has written himself
In a low or the lowest position, literally or figuratively; at the bottom of a descent; below the horizon; on the ground; in a condition of humility, dejection, misery, and the like; in a state of quiet.
downand out of breath.
The moon is
down; I have not heard the clock.
He that is
downneeds fear no fall.
From a remoter or higher antiquity.
Venerable men! you have come
downto us from a former generation.
From a greater to a less bulk, or from a thinner to a thicker consistence;
as, to boil.
downin cookery, or in making decoctions
an order to the helmsman to put the helm to leeward.–
Down upon(joined with a verb indicating motion, as go, come, pounce)
to attack, implying the idea of threatening power.
take down, throw down, put down; – used in energetic command, often by people aroused in crowds, referring to people, laws, buildings, etc.;“Down with the palace; fire it.”
down withthe king!
To be down on,
to dislike and treat harshly.
To cry down.
To cut down.
Up and down,
with rising and falling motion; to and fro; hither and thither; everywhere.“Let them wander up and down.”
Ps. lix. 15.
In a descending direction along; from a higher to a lower place upon or within; at a lower place in or on;
Hence: Towards the mouth of a river; towards the sea;
as, to sail or swim
downa stream; to sail
Down the country,
toward the sea, or toward the part where rivers discharge their waters into the ocean.–
Down the sound,
in the direction of the ebbing tide; toward the sea.
imp. & p. p.
p. pr. & vb. n.
To cause to go down; to make descend; to put down; to overthrow, as in wrestling; hence, to subdue; to bring down.
[Archaic or Colloq.]“To down proud hearts.”
Sir P. Sidney.
I remember how you
downedBeauclerk and Hamilton, the wits, once at our house.
To go down; to descend.
Downright; absolute; positive;
Beau. & Fl.
Downward; going down; sloping;
downtrain on a railway.
a downward draft, as in a flue, chimney, shaft of a mine, etc.–
Down in the mouth,
Down at the mouth
Webster 1828 Edition
1.The fine soft feathers of fowls, particularly of the duck kind. The eider duck yields the best kind. Also, fine hair; as the down of the chin.
2.The pubescence of plants, a fine hairy substance.
3.The pappus or little crown of certain seeds of plants; a fine feathery or hairy substance by which seeds are conveyed to distance by the wind; as in dandelion and thistle.
4.Any thing that soothes or mollifies.
Thou bosom softness; down of all my cares.
1.A bank or elevation of sand, thrown up by the sea.
2.A large open plain, primarily on elevated land. Sheep feeding on the downs.
1.Along a descent; from a higher to a lower place; as, to run down a hill; to fall down a precipice; to go down the stairs.
2.Toward the mouth of a river, or toward the place where water is discharged into the ocean or a lake. We sail or swim down a stream; we sail down the sound from New York to New London. Hence figuratively, we pass down the current of life or of time.
Down the sound, in the direction of the ebb-tide towards of the sea.
Down the country, towards the sea, or towards the part where rivers discharge their waters into the ocean.
1.In a descending direction; tending from a higher to a lower place; as, he is going down.
2.On the ground, or at the bottom; as, he is down; hold him down.
3.Below the horizon; as, the sun is down.
4.In the direction from a higher to a lower condition; as, his reputation is going down.
5.Into disrepute or disgrace. A man may sometimes preach down error; he may write down himself or his character, or run down his rival; but he can neither preach nor write down folly, vice or fashion.
6.Into subjection; into a due consistence; as, to boil down, in decoctions and culinary processes.
7.At length; extended or prostrate, on the ground or on any flat surface; as, to lie down; he is lying down.
Up and down, here and there; in a rambling course.
It is sometimes used without a verb, as down, down; in which cases, the sense is known by the construction.
Down with a building, is a command to pull it down, to demolish it.
Down with him, signifies, throw him.
Down, down, may signify, come down, or go down, or take down, lower.
It is often used by seamen, down with the fore sail, &c.
Locke uses it for go down, or be received; as, any kind of food will down; but the use is not elegant, nor legitimate.
Sidney uses it as a verb, To down proud hearts, to subdue or conquer them; but the use is not legitimate.