Webster 1913 Edition
A vegetable; an organized living being, generally without feeling and voluntary motion, and having, when complete, a root, stem, and leaves, though consisting sometimes only of a single leafy expansion, or a series of cellules, or even a single cellule.
☞ Plants are divided by their structure and methods of reproduction into two series, phænogamous or flowering plants, which have true flowers and seeds, and cryptogamous or flowerless plants, which have no flowers, and reproduce by minute one-celled spores. In both series are minute and simple forms and others of great size and complexity.As to their mode of nutrition, plants may be considered as self-supporting and dependent. Self-supporting plants always contain chlorophyll, and subsist on air and moisture and the matter dissolved in moisture, and as a general rule they excrete oxygen, and use the carbonic acid to combine with water and form the material for their tissues. Dependent plants comprise all fungi and many flowering plants of a parasitic or saprophytic nature. As a rule, they have no chlorophyll, and subsist mainly or wholly on matter already organized, thus utilizing carbon compounds already existing, and not excreting oxygen. But there are plants which are partly dependent and partly self-supporting. The movements of climbing plants, of some insectivorous plants, of leaves, stamens, or pistils in certain plants, and the ciliary motion of zoospores, etc., may be considered a kind of voluntary motion.
A bush, or young tree; a sapling; hence, a stick or staff.“A plant of stubborn oak.”
The sole of the foot.
[R.]“Knotty legs and plants of clay.”
The whole machinery and apparatus employed in carrying on a trade or mechanical business; also, sometimes including real estate, and whatever represents investment of capital in the means of carrying on a business, but not including material worked upon or finished products;
plantof a foundry, a mill, or a railroad
A plan; an artifice; a swindle; a trick.
It was n’t a bad
plant, that of mine, on Fikey.
An oyster which has been bedded, in distinction from one of natural growth.
A young oyster suitable for transplanting.
any one of numerous hemipterous insects which injure the foliage of plants, as–
Lygus lineolaris, which damages wheat and trees.
a South American passerine bird of the genus–
Phytotomidæ. It has a serrated bill with which it cuts off the young shoots and buds of plants, often doing much injury.
any small hemipterous insect which infests plants, especially those of the families
Psyllidæ; an aphid.
imp. & p. p.
p. pr. & vb. n.
To put in the ground and cover, as seed for growth;
To set in the ground for growth, as a young tree, or a vegetable with roots.
Thou shalt not
plantthee a grove of any trees.
Deut. xvi. 21.
To furnish, or fit out, with plants;
planta garden, an orchard, or a forest
To engender; to generate; to set the germ of.
It engenders choler,
To furnish with a fixed and organized population; to settle; to establish;
Plantingof countries like planting of woods.
To introduce and establish the principles or seeds of;
plantChristianity among the heathen
To set firmly; to fix; to set and direct, or point;
plantcannon against a fort; to
planta standard in any place; to
plantone's feet on solid ground; to
plantone's fist in another's face.
To set up; to install; to instate.
plantsome other in the throne.
To perform the act of planting.
planted; Apollos watered.
1 Cor. iii. 6.
Webster 1828 Edition
1.A vegetable; an organic body, destitute of sense and spontaneous motion, adhering to another body in such a manner as to draw from it its nourishment, and having the power of propagating itself by seeds; 'whose seed is in itself.' Gen.1. This definition may not be perfectly correct, as it respects all plants, for some marine plants grow without being attached to any fixed body.
The woody or dicotyledonous plants consist of three parts; the bark or exterior coat, which covers the wood; the wood which is hard and constitutes the principal part; and the pith or center of the stem. In monocotyledonous plants, the ligneous or fibrous parts, and the pithy or parenchymatous, are equally distributed through the whole internal substance; and in the lower plants, funguses, sea weed, &c. the substance is altogether parenchymatous. By means of proper vessels, the nourishing juices are distributed to every part of the plant. In its most general sense, plant comprehends all vegetables, trees, shrubs, herbs, grasses, &c. In popular language,the word is generally applied to the smaller species of vegetables.
3.In Scripture, a child; a descendant; the inhabitant of a country. Ps.144. Jer.48.
4.The sole of the foot. [Little used.]
Sea-plant, a plant that grows in the sea or in salt water; sea weed.
Sensitive plant, a plant that shrinks on being touched,the mimosa.
1.To set in the ground for growth, as a young tree or a vegetable with roots.
2.To engender; to set the germ of any thing that may increase.
It engenders choler, planteth anger.
3.To set; to fix.
His standard planted on Laurentum's towers.
4.To settle; to fix the first inhabitants; to establish; as, to plant a colony.
5.To furnish with plants; to lay out and prepare with plants; as, to plant a garden or an orchard.
6.To set and direct or point; as, to plant cannon against a fort.
7.To introduce and establish; as, to plant christianity among the heathen.
I have planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the increase. 1 Cor.3.
8.To unite to Christ and fix in a state of fellowship with him. Ps.92.