Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Sad

Sad

(săd)
,
Adj.
[
Com
par.
Sadder
(săd′dẽr)
;
sup
erl.
Saddest
.]
[OE.
sad
sated, tired, satisfied, firm, steadfast, AS.
saed
satisfied, sated; akin to D.
zat
, OS.
sad
, G.
satt
, OHG.
sat
, Icel.
saðr
,
saddr
, Goth.
saþs
, Lith.
sotus
, L.
sat
,
satis
, enough,
satur
sated, Gr.
ἄμεναι
to satiate,
ἄδνη
enough. Cf.
Assets
,
Sate
,
Satiate
,
Satisfy
,
Satire
.]
1.
Sated; satisfied; weary; tired.
[Obs.]
Yet of that art they can not waxen
sad
,
For unto them it is a bitter sweet.
Chaucer.
2.
Heavy; weighty; ponderous; close; hard.
[Obs., except in a few phrases;
as,
sad
bread
.]
His hand, more
sad
than lump of lead.
Spenser.
Chalky lands are naturally cold and
sad
.
Mortimer.
3.
Dull; grave; dark; somber; – said of colors.
Sad-colored clothes.”
Walton.
Woad, or wade, is used by the dyers to lay the foundation of all
sad
colors.
Mortimer.
4.
Serious; grave; sober; steadfast; not light or frivolous.
[Obs.]
“Ripe and sad courage.”
Chaucer.
Lady Catharine, a
sad
and religious woman.
Bacon.
Which treaty was wisely handled by
sad
and discrete counsel of both parties.
Ld. Berners.
5.
Affected with grief or unhappiness; cast down with affliction; downcast; gloomy; mournful.
First were we
sad
, fearing you would not come;
Now
sadder
, that you come so unprovided.
Shakespeare
The angelic guards ascended, mute and
sad
.
Milton.
6.
Afflictive; calamitous; causing sorrow;
as, a
sad
accident; a
sad
misfortune
.
7.
Hence, bad; naughty; troublesome; wicked.
[Colloq.]
Sad tipsy fellows, both of them.”
I. Taylor.
Sad
is sometimes used in the formation of self-explaining compounds;
as,
sad
-colored,
sad
-eyed,
sad
-hearted,
sad
-looking, and the like
.
Sad bread
,
heavy bread.
[Scot. & Local, U.S.]
Bartlett.
Syn. – Sorrowful; mournful; gloomy; dejected; depressed; cheerless; downcast; sedate; serious; grave; grievous; afflictive; calamitous.

Sad

,
Verb.
T.
To make sorrowful; to sadden.
[Obs.]
How it
sadded
the minister’s spirits!
H. Peters.

Webster 1828 Edition


Sad

SAD

,
Adj.
[It is probable this word is from the root of set. I have not found the word is from the root of set. I have not found the word in the English sense, in any other language.]
1.
Sorrowful; affected with grief; cast down with affliction.
Th' angelic guards ascended, mute and sad.
Sad for their loss, but joyful of our life.
2.
Habitually melancholy; gloomy; not gay or cheerful.
See in her cell sad Eloisa spread.
3.
Downcast; gloomy; having the external appearance of sorrow; as a sad countenance. Matt. 6.
4.
Serious; grave; not gay, light or volatile.
Lady Catherine, a sad and religious woman.
5.
Afflictive; calamitous; causing sorrow; as a sad accident; a sad misfortune.
6.
Dark colored.
Woad or wade is used by the dyers to lay the foundation of all sad colors.
[This sense is, I believe, entirely obsolete.]
7.
Bad; vexatious; as a sad husband. [Colloquial.]
8.
Heavy; weighty; ponderous.
With that his hand more sad than lump of lead. Obs.
9.
Close; firm; cohesive; opposed to light or friable.
Chalky lands are naturally cold and sad. Obs.
[The two latter senses indicate that the primary sense is set, fixed.]

Definition 2022


sad

sad

See also: SAD, säd, sąd, and sáð

English

Adjective

sad (comparative sadder or more sad, superlative saddest or most sad)

  1. (heading) Emotionally negative.
    1. Feeling sorrow; sorrowful, mournful.
      She gets sad when he's away.
      • William Shakespeare (c.1564–1616)
        First were we sad, fearing you would not come; / Now sadder, that you come so unprovided.
      • John Milton (1608-1674)
        The angelic guards ascended, mute and sad.
    2. Appearing sorrowful.
      The puppy had a sad little face.
    3. Causing sorrow; lamentable.
      It's a sad fact that most rapes go unreported.
      • G. K. Chesterton
        The Great Gaels of Ireland are the men that God made mad, / For all their wars are merry and all their songs are sad.
      • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 20, in The China Governess:
        The story struck the depressingly familiar note with which true stories ring in the tried ears of experienced policemen. No one queried it. It was in the classic pattern of human weakness, mean and embarrassing and sad.
    4. Poor in quality, bad; shameful, deplorable; later, regrettable, poor.
      That's the saddest-looking pickup truck I've ever seen.
      • 1819, Lord Byron, Don Juan, II.127:
        Heaven knows what cash he got, or blood he spilt, / A sad old fellow was he, if you please [].
    5. Of colours: dark, deep; later, sombre, dull.
      • 1646, Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, II.5:
        this is either used crude, and called Sulphur Vive, and is of a sadder colour; or after depuration, such as we have in magdeleons of rolls, of a lighter yellow.
      • Izaak Walton (c.1594-1683)
        sad-coloured clothes
      • John Mortimer (1656?-1736)
        Woad, or wade, is used by the dyers to lay the foundation of all sad colours.
  2. (obsolete) Sated, having had one's fill; satisfied, weary.
  3. (obsolete) Steadfast, valiant.
  4. (obsolete) Dignified, serious, grave.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.xi:
      Vprose Sir Guyon, in bright armour clad, / And to his purposd iourney him prepar'd: / With him the Palmer eke in habit sad, / Him selfe addrest to that aduenture hard []
    • Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
      ripe and sad courage
    • Lord Berners (1467-1533)
      which treaty was wisely handled by sad and discrete counsel of both parties
  5. (obsolete) Naughty; troublesome; wicked.
    • Isaac Taylor (1787–1865)
      Sad tipsy fellows, both of them.
  6. (slang) Unfashionable; socially inadequate or undesirable.
    I can't believe you use drugs; you're so sad!
  7. (dialect) Soggy (to refer to pastries).
  8. (obsolete) Heavy; weighty; ponderous; close; hard.
    sad bread
    • Edmund Spenser (c.1552–1599)
      his hand, more sad than lump of lead
    • John Mortimer (1656?-1736)
      Chalky lands are naturally cold and sad.

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

External links

  • sad in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
  • sad in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

Anagrams


Czech

Noun

sad m

  1. orchard

Declension

Derived terms


Danish

Verb

sad

  1. past tense of sidde

Gothic

Romanization

sad

  1. Romanization of 𐍃𐌰𐌳

Lojban

Rafsi

sad

  1. rafsi of snada.

Lower Sorbian

sad

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *sadъ (plant, garden). Cognate with Upper Sorbian sad, Polish sad (orchard), Czech sad (orchard), Russian сад (sad, orchard, garden), Old Church Slavonic садъ (sadŭ, plant, garden).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [sat]

Noun

sad m

  1. fruit (food)

Declension


Old Saxon

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *sadaz, from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂- (to satiate, satisfy). Cognate with Old English sæd (English sad, Old Frisian sed, Dutch zat, Old High German sat (German satt), Old Norse saðr (Danish sat), Gothic 𐍃𐌰𐌸𐍃 (saþs).

Adjective

sad (comparative sadoro, superlative sadost)

  1. full, sated, satiated
  2. weary

Declension


Descendants

  • Middle Low German sat

Polish

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *sadъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /s̪at̪/

Noun

sad m inan (diminutive sadek)

  1. orchard

Declension

Related terms

Related terms


Scots

Etymology

From Old English sæd.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sɑd/

Adjective

sad (comparative sadder, superlative saddest)

  1. grave, serious
  2. strange, remarkable
  3. sad

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *sьda, *sьgoda.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sâd/

Adverb

sȁd (Cyrillic spelling са̏д)

  1. now
  2. currently
  3. presently

Etymology 2

From Proto-Slavic *saditi (to plant),
compare saditi

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sâːd/

Noun

sȃd m (Cyrillic spelling са̑д)

  1. plantation nursery
  2. a young plant from a plantation nursery
Declension

References

  • sad” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • sad” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovak

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sad/, IPA(key): [sat]

Noun

sad m (genitive singular sadu, nominative plural sady, declension pattern of dub)

  1. garden, orchard, plantation

Declension

References

  • sad in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsáːt/
  • Tonal orthography: sȃd

Noun

sád m inan (genitive sadú or sáda, nominative plural sadôvi or sádi)

  1. fruit

Declension