Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Pile

Pile

(pīl)
,
Noun.
[L.
pilus
hair. Cf.
Peruke
.]
1.
A hair; hence, the fiber of wool, cotton, and the like; also, the nap when thick or heavy, as of carpeting and velvet.
Velvet soft, or plush with shaggy
pile
.
Cowper.
2.
(Zool.)
A covering of hair or fur.

Pile

,
Noun.
[L.
pilum
javelin. See
Pile
a stake.]
The head of an arrow or spear.
[Obs.]
Chapman.

Pile

,
Noun.
[AS.
pīl
arrow, stake, L.
pilum
javelin; but cf. also L.
pila
pillar.]
1.
A large stake, or piece of timber, pointed and driven into the earth, as at the bottom of a river, or in a harbor where the ground is soft, for the support of a building, a pier, or other superstructure, or to form a cofferdam, etc.
☞ Tubular iron piles are now much used.
2.
[Cf. F.
pile
.]
(Her.)
One of the ordinaries or subordinaries having the form of a wedge, usually placed palewise, with the broadest end uppermost.
Pile bridge
,
a bridge of which the roadway is supported on piles.
Pile cap
,
a beam resting upon and connecting the heads of piles.
Pile driver
, or
Pile engine
,
an apparatus for driving down piles, consisting usually of a high frame, with suitable appliances for raising to a height (by animal or steam power, the explosion of gunpowder, etc.) a heavy mass of iron, which falls upon the pile.
Pile dwelling
.
See
Lake dwelling
, under
Lake
.
Pile plank
(Hydraul. Eng.)
,
a thick plank used as a pile in sheet piling. See
Sheet piling
, under
Piling
.
Pneumatic pile
.
See under
Pneumatic
.
Screw pile
,
one with a screw at the lower end, and sunk by rotation aided by pressure.

Pile

,
Verb.
T.
To drive piles into; to fill with piles; to strengthen with piles.
To sheet-pile
,
to make sheet piling in or around. See
Sheet piling
, under 2nd
Piling
.

Pile

,
Noun.
[F.
pile
, L.
pila
a pillar, a pier or mole of stone. Cf.
Pillar
.]
1.
A mass of things heaped together; a heap;
as, a
pile
of stones; a
pile
of wood.
2.
A mass formed in layers;
as, a
pile
of shot
.
3.
A funeral pile; a pyre.
Dryden.
4.
A large building, or mass of buildings.
The
pile
o’erlooked the town and drew the fight.
Dryden.
5.
(Iron Manuf.)
Same as
Fagot
,
Noun.
, 2.
6.
(Elec.)
A vertical series of alternate disks of two dissimilar metals, as copper and zinc, laid up with disks of cloth or paper moistened with acid water between them, for producing a current of electricity; – commonly called
Volta's pile
,
voltaic pile
, or
galvanic pile
.
☞ The term is sometimes applied to other forms of apparatus designed to produce a current of electricity, or as synonymous with battery; as, for instance, to an apparatus for generating a current of electricity by the action of heat, usually called a thermopile.
7.
[F.
pile
pile, an engraved die, L.
pila
a pillar.]
The reverse of a coin. See
Reverse
.
Cross and pile
.
See under
Cross
.
Dry pile
.
See under
Dry
.

Pile

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Piled
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Piling
.]
1.
To lay or throw into a pile or heap; to heap up; to collect into a mass; to accumulate; to amass; – often with up;
as, to
pile
up wood
.
“Hills piled on hills.”
Dryden.
“Life piled on life.”
Tennyson.
The labor of an age in
piled
stones.
Milton.
2.
To cover with heaps; or in great abundance; to fill or overfill; to load.
To pile arms
To pile muskets
(Mil.)
,
to place three guns together so that they may stand upright, supporting each other; to stack arms.

Webster 1828 Edition


Pile

PILE

,
Noun.
[L. pila.]
1.
A heap; a mass or collection of things in a roundish or elevated form; as a pile of stones; a pile of bricks; a pile of wood or timber; a pile of ruins.
2.
A collection of combustibles for burning a dead body; as a funeral pile.
3.
A large building or mass of buildings; an edifice.
The pile o'erlook'd the town and drew the sight.
4.
A heap of balls or shot laid in horizontal courses, rising into a pyramidical form.

PILE

,
Noun.
[L. palus.]
1.
A large stake or piece of timber, pointed and driven into the earth, as at the bottom of a river, or in a harbor where the ground is soft, for the support of a building or other superstructure. The stadthouse in Amsterdam is supported by piles.
2.
One side of a coin; originally, a punch or puncheon used in stamping figures on coins, and containing the figures to be impressed. Hence the arms-side of a coin is called the pile, and the head the cross, which was formerly in the place of the head. Hence cross and pile.
3.
In heraldry, an ordinary in form of a point inverted or a stake sharpened.

PILE

,
Noun.
[L. pilum.] The head of an arrow.

PILE

,
Noun.
[L. pilus.] Properly, a hair; hence, the fiber of wool, cotton and the like; hence, the nap, the fine hairy substance of the surface of cloth.

PILE

,
Verb.
T.
To lay or throw into a heap; to collect many things into a mass; as, to pile wood or stones.
1.
To bring into an aggregate; to accumulate; as, to pile quotations or comments.
2.
To fill with something heaped.
3.
To fill above the brim or top.
4.
To break off the awns of threshed barley. [Local.]

Definition 2022


pile

pile

See also: píle, pilé, pīle, and pīlē

English

Noun

pile (plural piles)

  1. A mass of things heaped together; a heap.
    • 1889, H. Rider Haggard, Cleopatra, Book II: The Fall of Harmachis, ISBN 1555211224, Chapter XI:
      I climbed through, and, standing on a pile of stones, lifted and dragged Cleopatra after me.
  2. (figuratively, informal) A group or list of related items up for consideration, especially in some kind of selection process.
    When we were looking for a new housemate, we put the nice woman on the "maybe" pile, and the annoying guy on the "no" pile.
    • 2011 December 29, Keith Jackson, “SPL: Celtic 1 Rangers 0”, in Daily Record:
      And the moment it thumped into the net, Celtic’s march back to the top of the SPL pile also seemed unstoppable.
  3. A mass formed in layers.
    a pile of shot
  4. A funeral pile; a pyre.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)
  5. A large building, or mass of buildings.
    • Dryden
      The pile o'erlooked the town and drew the fight.
    • 1817, Walter Scott, Rob Roy, II.2:
      The pile is of a gloomy and massive, rather than of an elegant, style of Gothic architecture []
    • Thomas Hardy, The Well-Beloved
      It was dark when the four-wheeled cab wherein he had brought Avice from the station stood at the entrance to the pile of flats of which Pierston occupied one floor []
  6. A bundle of pieces of wrought iron to be worked over into bars or other shapes by rolling or hammering at a welding heat; a fagot.
  7. A vertical series of alternate disks of two dissimilar metals, as copper and zinc, laid up with disks of cloth or paper moistened with acid water between them, for producing a current of electricity; commonly called Volta’s pile, voltaic pile, or galvanic pile.
    • 1893, Benjamin Park, The Voltaic Cell: Its Construction and Its Capacity, page 14:
      The word "pile" is used specifically to mean the column of superposed electrodes, such as that of Volta or Zamboni.
  8. (obsolete) The reverse (or tails) of a coin.
  9. (figuratively) A list or league
    • 2012 September 20, Shaun Edwards, “Bent double and lungs burning – how Harlequins train for trophies”, in The Guardian (online):
      Watch Harlequins train and you get some idea of why they are back on top of the pile going into Saturday's rerun of last season's grand final against Leicester.
Synonyms
  • See also Wikisaurus:lot
Translations

Verb

pile (third-person singular simple present piles, present participle piling, simple past and past participle piled)

  1. (transitive) To lay or throw into a pile or heap; to heap up; to collect into a mass; to accumulate; to amass; often with up; as, to pile up wood.
  2. (transitive) To cover with heaps; or in great abundance; to fill or overfill; to load.
    • 2013 June 22, Engineers of a different kind”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8841, page 70:
      Private-equity nabobs bristle at being dubbed mere financiers. Piling debt onto companies’ balance-sheets is only a small part of what leveraged buy-outs are about, they insist. Improving the workings of the businesses they take over is just as core to their calling, if not more so. Much of their pleading is public-relations bluster.
    We piled the camel with our loads.
  3. (transitive) To add something to a great number.
    • 2010 December 28, Owen Phillips, Sunderland 0-2 Blackpool”, in BBC:
      But as the second half wore on, Sunderland piled forward at every opportunity and their relentless pressure looked certain to be rewarded in the closing stages.
  4. (transitive) (of vehicles) To create a hold-up.
  5. (transitive, military) To place (guns, muskets, etc.) together in threes so that they can stand upright, supporting each other.
Translations

Related terms


Etymology 2

From Old English pīl, from Latin pīlum (heavy javelin). Cognate with Dutch pijl, German Pfeil.

Noun

pile (plural piles)

  1. (obsolete) A dart; an arrow.
  2. The head of an arrow or spear.
  3. A large stake, or piece of pointed timber, steel etc., driven into the earth or sea-bed for the support of a building, a pier, or other superstructure, or to form a cofferdam, etc.
    • 1719, Daniel Defoe, The Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, 10th edition edition, published 1864, Chapter VI, page 68:
      All this time I worked very hard [...] and it is scarce credible what inexpressible labour everything was done with, especially the bringing piles out of the woods and driving them into the ground; for I made them much bigger than I needed to have done.
  4. (heraldry) One of the ordinaries or subordinaries having the form of a wedge, usually placed palewise, with the broadest end uppermost.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

pile (third-person singular simple present piles, present participle piling, simple past and past participle piled)

  1. (transitive) To drive piles into; to fill with piles; to strengthen with piles.
Translations

Etymology 3

Apparently from Late Latin pilus.

Noun

pile (plural piles)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) A hemorrhoid.
Translations

Etymology 4

Partly from Anglo-Norman pil (a variant of peil, poil (hair)) and partly from its source, Latin pilus (hair).

Noun

pile (plural piles)

  1. Hair, especially when very fine or short; the fine underfur of certain animals. (Formerly countable, now treated as a collective singular.)
  2. The raised hairs, loops or strands of a fabric; the nap of a cloth.
Translations

Anagrams


Danish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /piːlə/, [ˈpʰiːlə]

Noun

pile c

  1. plural indefinite of pil

French

Etymology

From Latin pīla (through Italian for the battery sense). The tail of a coin sense is probably derived from previous senses, but it's not known for sure.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pil/

Noun

pile f (plural piles)

  1. heap, stack (as in pile de cartons)
  2. pillar
  3. battery (as in pile électrique)
  4. tails (of a coin; mainly used in pile ou face, "heads or tails")
  5. (heraldry) pile

Descendants

Adverb

pile

  1. (colloquial) just, exactly
  2. (colloquial) dead (of stopping etc.); on the dot, sharp (of time), smack

Anagrams


Friulian

Etymology 1

From Latin pīla (mortar).

Noun

pile f (plural pilis)

  1. basin
  2. mortar (vessel used to grind things)

Synonyms

Etymology 2

From Latin pīla (pillar).

Noun

pile f (plural pilis)

  1. pile (architecture)

Italian

Noun

pile m (invariable)

  1. fleece (all senses)

Noun

pile f

  1. plural of pila

Anagrams


Latin

Noun

pile

  1. vocative singular of pilus

Latvian

Noun

pile f (5th declension)

  1. drip
    Es pievienoju vaniļas ekstrakta pili savam karstajam kakao.
    I put a drip of vanilla extract in my hot cocoa.
  2. dribble (a small amount of a liquid)
  3. drop
    Maisījumam pievienot trīs eļļas piles.
    Put three drops of oil into the mixture.

Declension


Polish

Noun

pile f

  1. dative singular of piła
  2. locative singular of piła

Portuguese

Verb

pile

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of pilar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of pilar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of pilar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of pilar

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *pilę.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pîle/
  • Hyphenation: pi‧le

Noun

pȉle n (Cyrillic spelling пи̏ле)

  1. chick

Declension


Spanish

Verb

pile

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of pilar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of pilar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of pilar.