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Webster 1913 Edition


Lapse

Lapse

(lăps)
,
Noun.
[L.
lapsus
, fr.
labi
, p. p.
lapsus
, to slide, to fall: cf. F.
laps
. See
Sleep
.]
1.
A gliding, slipping, or gradual falling; an unobserved or imperceptible progress or passing away,; – restricted usually to immaterial things, or to figurative uses.
The
lapse
to indolence is soft and imperceptible.
Rambler.
Bacon was content to wait the
lapse
of long centuries for his expected revenue of fame.
I. Taylor.
2.
A slip; an error; a fault; a failing in duty; a slight deviation from truth or rectitude.
To guard against those
lapses
and failings to which our infirmities daily expose us.
Rogers.
3.
(Law)
The termination of a right or privilege through neglect to exercise it within the limited time, or through failure of some contingency; hence, the devolution of a right or privilege.
4.
(Theol.)
A fall or apostasy.

Lapse

,
Verb.
I.
[
imp. & p. p.
Lapsed
(#)
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Lapsing
.]
1.
To pass slowly and smoothly downward, backward, or away; to slip downward, backward, or away; to glide; – mostly restricted to figurative uses.
A tendency to
lapse
into the barbarity of those northern nations from whom we are descended.
Swift.
Homer, in his characters of Vulcan and Thersites, has
lapsed
into the burlesque character.
Addison.
2.
To slide or slip in moral conduct; to fail in duty; to fall from virtue; to deviate from rectitude; to commit a fault by inadvertence or mistake.
To
lapse
in fullness
Is sorer than to lie for need.
Shakespeare
3.
(Law)
(a)
To fall or pass from one proprietor to another, or from the original destination, by the omission, negligence, or failure of some one, as a patron, a legatee, etc.
(b)
To become ineffectual or void; to fall.
If the archbishop shall not fill it up within six months ensuing, it
lapses
to the king.
Ayliffe.

Lapse

,
Verb.
T.
1.
To let slip; to permit to devolve on another; to allow to pass.
An appeal may be deserted by the appellant’s
lapsing
the term of law.
Ayliffe.
2.
To surprise in a fault or error; hence, to surprise or catch, as an offender.
[Obs.]
For which, if be
lapsed
in this place,
I shall pay dear.
Shakespeare

Webster 1828 Edition


Lapse

LAPSE

,
Noun.
laps. [L. lapsus, from labor, to slide, to fall.]
1.
A sliding, gliding or flowing; a smooth course; as the lapse of a stream; the lapse of time.
2.
A falling or passing.
The lapse to indolence is soft and imperceptible, but the return to diligence is difficult.
3.
A slip an error; a fault; a failing in duty; a slight deviation from truth or rectitude.
This Scripture may be usefully applied as a caution to guard against those lapses and fallings to which our infirmities daily expose us.
So we say, a lapse in style or propriety.
4.
In ecclesiastical law, the slip or omission of a patron to present a clerk to a benefice, within six months after it becomes void. In this case, the benefice is said to be lapsed, or in lapse.
5.
In theology, the fall or apostasy of Adam.

LAPSE

,
Verb.
I.
laps.
1.
To glide; to pass slowly, silently or by degrees.
This disposition to shorten our words by retrenching the vowels, is nothing else but a tendency to lapse into the barbarity of those northern nations from which we descended.
2.
To slide or slip in moral conduct; to fail in duty; to deviate from rectitude; to commit a fault.
To lapse in fullness is sorer than to lie for need.
3.
To slip or commit a fault by inadvertency or mistake.
Homer, in his characters of Vulcan and Thersites, has lapsed into the burlesque character.
4.
To fall or pass from one proprietor to another, by the omission or negligence of the patron.
If the archbishop shall not fill it up within six months ensuing, it lapses to the king.
5.
To fall from a state of innocence, or from truth, faith or perfection.
Once more I will renew his lapsed powers.

Definition 2023


lapse

lapse

See also: läpse

English

Noun

lapse (plural lapses)

  1. A temporary failure; a slip.
    • Rogers
      to guard against those lapses and failings to which our infirmities daily expose us
  2. A decline or fall in standards.
    • Rambler
      The lapse to indolence is soft and imperceptible.
  3. A pause in continuity.
  4. An interval of time between events.
    • I. Taylor
      Francis Bacon was content to wait the lapse of long centuries for his expected revenue of fame.
  5. A termination of a right etc, through disuse or neglect.
  6. (weather) A marked decrease in air temperature with increasing altitude because the ground is warmer than the surrounding air. This condition usually occurs when skies are clear and between 1100 and 1600 hours, local time. Strong convection currents exist during lapse conditions. For chemical operations, the state is defined as unstable. This condition is normally considered the most unfavorable for the release of chemical agents. See lapse rate.
  7. (law) A common-law rule that if the person to whom property is willed were to die before the testator, then the gift would be ineffective.
  8. (theology) A fall or apostasy.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Verb

lapse (third-person singular simple present lapses, present participle lapsing, simple past and past participle lapsed)

  1. (intransitive) To fall away gradually; to subside.
    • Jonathan Swift
      a tendency to lapse into the barbarity of those northern nations from whom we are descended
    • Addison
      Homer, in his characters of Vulcan and Thersites, has lapsed into the burlesque character.
  2. (intransitive) To fall into error or heresy.
    • Shakespeare
      To lapse in fullness / Is sorer than to lie for need.
  3. To slip into a bad habit that one is trying to avoid.
  4. (intransitive) To become void.
  5. To fall or pass from one proprietor to another, or from the original destination, by the omission, negligence, or failure of somebody, such as a patron or legatee.
    • Ayliffe
      If the archbishop shall not fill it up within six months ensuing, it lapses to the king.

Anagrams


Danish

Noun

lapse c

  1. plural indefinite of laps

Estonian

Noun

lapse

  1. Genitive singular form of laps.

Latin

Participle

lāpse

  1. vocative masculine singular of lāpsus