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Webster 1913 Edition


Standard

Stand′ard

(-ẽrd)
,
Noun.
[OF.
estendart
, F.
étendard
, probably fr. L.
extendere
to spread out, extend, but influenced by E.
stand
. See
Extend
.]
1.
A flag; colors; a banner; especially, a national or other ensign.
His armies, in the following day,
On those fair plains their
standards
proud display.
Fairfax.
2.
That which is established by authority as a rule for the measure of quantity, extent, value, or quality; esp., the original specimen weight or measure sanctioned by government, as the standard pound, gallon, or yard.
3.
That which is established as a rule or model by authority, custom, or general consent; criterion; test.
The court, which used to be the
standard
of propriety and correctness of speech.
Swift.
A disposition to preserve, and an ability to improve, taken together, would be my
standard
of a statesman.
Burke.
4.
(Coinage)
The proportion of weights of fine metal and alloy established by authority.
By the present
standard
of the coinage, sixty-two shillings is coined out of one pound weight of silver.
Arbuthnot.
5.
(Hort.)
A tree of natural size supported by its own stem, and not dwarfed by grafting on the stock of a smaller species nor trained upon a wall or trellis.
In France part of their gardens is laid out for flowers, others for fruits; some
standards
, some against walls.
Sir W. Temple.
6.
(Bot.)
The upper petal or banner of a papilionaceous corolla.
7.
(Mech. & Carp.)
An upright support, as one of the poles of a scaffold; any upright in framing.
8.
(Shipbuilding)
An inverted knee timber placed upon the deck instead of beneath it, with its vertical branch turned upward from that which lies horizontally.
9.
The sheth of a plow.
10.
A large drinking cup.
Greene.
Standard bearer
,
an officer of an army, company, or troop, who bears a standard; – commonly called color sergeantor color bearer; hence, the leader of any organization;
as, the
standard bearer
of a political party
.

Stand′ard

,
Adj.
1.
Being, affording, or according with, a standard for comparison and judgment;
as,
standard
time;
standard
weights and measures; a
standard
authority as to nautical terms;
standard
gold or silver
.
2.
Hence: Having a recognized and permanent value;
as,
standard
works in history;
standard
authors
.
3.
(Hort.)
(a)
Not supported by, or fastened to, a wall;
as,
standard
fruit trees
.
(b)
Not of the dwarf kind;
as, a
standard
pear tree
.
Standard candle
,
Standard gauge
.
See under
Candle
, and
Gauge
.
Standard solution
.
(Chem.)
See
Standardized solution
, under
Solution
.

Webster 1828 Edition


Standard

STANDARD

,
Noun.
[G., sort, kind.]
1.
An ensign of war; a staff with a flag or colors. The troops repair to their standard. The royal standard of Great Britain is a flag, in which the imperial ensigns of England, Scotland and Ireland are quartered with the armorial bearings of Hanover.
His armies, in the following day, on those fair plains their standards proud display.
2.
That which is established by sovereign power as a rule or measure by which others are to be adjusted. Thus the Winchester bushel is the standard of measures in Great Britain, and is adopted in the United States as their standard. So of weights and of long measure.
3.
That which is established as a rule or model, by the authority of public opinion, or by respectable opinions, or by custom or general consent; as writings which are admitted to be the standard of style and taste. Homers Iliad is the standard of heroic poetry. Demosthenes and Cicero are the standards of oratory. Of modern eloquence, we have an excellent standard in the speeches of lord Chatham. Addisons writings furnish a good standard of pure, chaste and elegant English stayle. It is not an easy thing to erect a standard of taste.
4.
In coinage, the proportion of weight of fine metal and alloy established by authority. The coins of England and of the United States are of nearly the same standard.
By the present standard of the coinage, sixty two shillings is coined out of one pound weight of silver.
5.
A standing tree or stem; a tree not supported or attached to a wall.
Plant fruit of all sorts and standard, mural, or shrubs which lose their leaf.
6.
In ship-building, an inverted knee placed upon the deck instead of beneath it, with its vertical branch turned upward from that which lies horizontally.
7.
In botany, the upper petal or banner of a papilionaceous corol.

Definition 2022


Standard

Standard

See also: standard

German

Noun

Standard m (genitive Standards, plural Standards)

  1. standard

Synonyms

  • Norm, Vereinheitlichung

Derived terms

standard

standard

See also: Standard

English

Adjective

standard (comparative more standard, superlative most standard)

  1. Falling within an accepted range of size, amount, power, quality, etc.
  2. (of a tree or shrub) Growing alone as a free-standing plant; not trained on a post etc.
    • 1863, Anthony Trollope, Rachel Ray:
      There are women who cannot grow alone as standard trees;—for whom the support and warmth of some wall, some paling, some post, is absolutely necessary […].
  3. Having recognized excellence or authority.
    standard works in history; standard authors
  4. Of a usable or serviceable grade or quality.
  5. (not comparable, of a motor vehicle) Having a manual transmission.
  6. As normally supplied (not optional).

Antonyms

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

standard (plural standards)

  1. A principle or example or measure used for comparison.
    1. A level of quality or attainment.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
        The humor of my proposition appealed more strongly to Miss Trevor than I had looked for, and from that time forward she became her old self again; [] . Our table in the dining-room became again the abode of scintillating wit and caustic repartee, Farrar bracing up to his old standard, and the demand for seats in the vicinity rose to an animated competition.
    2. Something used as a measure for comparative evaluations; a model.
      • Jonathan Swift (1667–1745)
        the court, which used to be the standard of property and correctness of speech
      • Edmund Burke (1729-1797)
        A disposition to preserve, and an ability to improve, taken together, would be my standard of a statesman.
    3. A musical work of established popularity.
    4. A rule or set of rules or requirements which are widely agreed upon or imposed by government.
    5. The proportion of weights of fine metal and alloy established for coinage.
      • John Arbuthnot (1667-1735)
        By the present standard of the coinage, sixty-two shillings is coined out of one pound weight of silver.
    6. A bottle of wine containing 0.750 liters of fluid.
  2. A vertical pole with something at its apex.
    1. An object supported in an upright position, such as a lamp standard.
      • 1963, Margery Allingham, “Foreword”, in The China Governess:
        ‘It was called the wickedest street in London and the entrance was just here. I imagine the mouth of the road lay between this lamp standard and the second from the next down there.’
    2. The flag or ensign carried by a military unit.
      • Fairfax
        His armies, in the following day, / On those fair plains their standards proud display.
    3. One of the upright members that supports the horizontal axis of a transit or theodolite.
    4. Any upright support, such as one of the poles of a scaffold.
    5. A tree of natural size supported by its own stem, and not dwarfed by grafting on the stock of a smaller species nor trained upon a wall or trellis.
      • Sir W. Temple
        In France part of their gardens is laid out for flowers, others for fruits; some standards, some against walls.
    6. The sheth of a plough.
  3. A manual transmission vehicle.
  4. (botany) The upper petal or banner of a papilionaceous corolla.
  5. (shipbuilding) An inverted knee timber placed upon the deck instead of beneath it, with its vertical branch turned upward from that which lies horizontally.
  6. A large drinking cup.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Greene to this entry?)

Hyponyms

Translations


Czech

Pronunciation

Noun

standard m

  1. standard

Related terms

See also


Danish

Etymology

From English standard.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /standart/, [ˈsd̥anˌd̥ɑːˀd̥]
  • Homophone: standart

Noun

standard c (singular definite standarden, plural indefinite standarder)

  1. standard

Inflection


French

Etymology

Borrowing from English standard.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /stɑ̃.daʁ/

Noun

standard m (plural standards)

  1. standard
  2. switchboard

Adjective

standard m (feminine singular standarde, masculine plural standards, feminine plural standardes)

  1. standard

Usage notes

  • Often treated as invariable (with the single form standard used for masculine and feminine, singular and plural), but dictionary accounts vary.[1]

Synonyms

References

  1. standard” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Italian

Etymology

Borrowing from English.

Adjective

standard (invariable)

  1. standard

Noun

standard m (invariable)

  1. standard

Related terms


Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old French estandart, via English standard

Noun

standard m (definite singular standarden, indefinite plural standarder, definite plural standardene)

  1. a standard

Derived terms

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old French estandart, via English standard

Noun

standard m (definite singular standarden, indefinite plural standardar, definite plural standardane)

  1. a standard

Derived terms

References


Polish

Etymology

From English standard.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈs̪t̪an̪d̪art̪/

Noun

standard m inan

  1. standard

Declension

Derived terms


Serbo-Croatian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /stǎndard/
  • Hyphenation: stan‧dard

Noun

stàndard m (Cyrillic spelling ста̀ндард)

  1. standard

Declension


Spanish

Adjective

standard m, f (plural standardes)

  1. standard

See also


Swedish

Noun

standard c

  1. a standard, a norm

Declension

Inflection of standard 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative standard standarden standarder standarderna
Genitive standards standardens standarders standardernas

Related terms

See also