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Webster 1913 Edition


Weather

Weath′er

,
Noun.
[OE.
weder
, AS.
weder
; akin to OS.
wedar
, OFries.
weder
, D.
weder
,
weêr
, G.
wetter
, OHG.
wetar
, Icel.
veðr
, Dan.
veir
, Sw.
väder
wind, air, weather, and perhaps to OSlav.
vedro
fair weather; or perhaps to Lith.
vetra
storm, Russ.
vieter’
,
vietr'
, wind, and E.
wind
. Cf.
Wither
.]
1.
The state of the air or atmosphere with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness, or any other meteorological phenomena; meteorological condition of the atmosphere;
as, warm
weather
; cold
weather
; wet
weather
; dry
weather
, etc.
Not amiss to cool a man's stomach this hot
weather
.
Shakespeare
Fair
weather
cometh out of the north.
Job xxxvii. 22.
2.
Vicissitude of season; meteorological change; alternation of the state of the air.
Bacon.
3.
Storm; tempest.
What gusts of
weather
from that gathering cloud
My thoughts presage!
Dryden.
4.
A light rain; a shower.
[Obs.]
Wyclif.
Stress of weather
,
violent winds; force of tempests.
To make fair weather
,
to flatter; to give flattering representations.
[R.]
To make good weather
, or
To make bad weather
(Naut.)
,
to endure a gale well or ill; – said of a vessel.
Shak.
Under the weather
,
ill; also, financially embarrassed.
[Colloq. U. S.]
Bartlett.
Weather box
.
Same as
Weather house
, below.
Thackeray.
Weather breeder
,
a fine day which is supposed to presage foul weather.
Weather bureau
,
a popular name for the signal service. See
Signal service
, under
Signal
,
Adj.
[U. S.]
Weather cloth
(Naut.)
,
a long piece of canvas of tarpaulin used to preserve the hammocks from injury by the weather when stowed in the nettings.
Weather door
.
(Mining)
See
Trapdoor
, 2.
Weather gall
.
Same as
Water gall
, 2.
[Prov. Eng.]
Halliwell.
Weather house
,
a mechanical contrivance in the form of a house, which indicates changes in atmospheric conditions by the appearance or retirement of toy images.

Peace to the artist whose ingenious thought
Devised the
weather house
, that useful toy!
Cowper.
Weather molding
, or
Weather moulding
(Arch.)
,
a canopy or cornice over a door or a window, to throw off the rain.
Weather of a windmill sail
,
the obliquity of the sail, or the angle which it makes with its plane of revolution.
Weather report
,
a daily report of meteorological observations, and of probable changes in the weather; esp., one published by government authority.
Weather spy
,
a stargazer; one who foretells the weather.
[R.]
Donne.
Weather strip
(Arch.)
,
a strip of wood, rubber, or other material, applied to an outer door or window so as to cover the joint made by it with the sill, casings, or threshold, in order to exclude rain, snow, cold air, etc.

Weath′er

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Weathered
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Weathering
.]
1.
To expose to the air; to air; to season by exposure to air.
[An eagle] soaring through his wide empire of the air
To
weather
his broad sails.
Spenser.
This gear lacks
weathering
.
Latimer.
2.
Hence, to sustain the trying effect of; to bear up against and overcome; to sustain; to endure; to resist;
as, to
weather
the storm
.
For I can
weather
the roughest gale.
Longfellow.
You will
weather
the difficulties yet.
F. W. Robertson.
3.
(Naut.)
To sail or pass to the windward of;
as, to
weather
a cape; to
weather
another ship
.
4.
(Falconry)
To place (a hawk) unhooded in the open air.
Encyc. Brit.
To weather a point
.
(a)
(Naut.)
To pass a point of land, leaving it on the lee side.
(b)
Hence, to gain or accomplish anything against opposition.
To weather out
,
to encounter successfully, though with difficulty;
as,
to weather out
a storm
.

Weath′er

,
Verb.
I.
To undergo or endure the action of the atmosphere; to suffer meteorological influences; sometimes, to wear away, or alter, under atmospheric influences; to suffer waste by weather.
The organisms . . . seem indestructible, while the hard matrix in which they are imbedded has
weathered
from around them.
H. Miller.

Weath′er

,
Adj.
(Naut.)
Being toward the wind, or windward – opposed to lee;
as,
weather
bow,
weather
braces,
weather
gauge,
weather
lifts,
weather
quarter,
weather
shrouds, etc
.
Weather gauge
.
(a)
(Naut.)
The position of a ship to the windward of another.
(b)
Fig.: A position of advantage or superiority; advantage in position.

To veer, and tack, and steer a cause
Against the
weather gauge
of laws.
Hudibras.
Weather helm
(Naut.)
,
a tendency on the part of a sailing vessel to come up into the wind, rendering it necessary to put the helm up, that is, toward the weather side.
Weather shore
(Naut.)
,
the shore to the windward of a ship.
Totten.
Weather tide
(Naut.)
,
the tide which sets against the lee side of a ship, impelling her to the windward.
Mar. Dict.

Webster 1828 Edition


Weather

WEATHER

,
Noun.
Wether. [G., The primary sense of this word is air, wind or atmosphere; probably the Gr., whence ether.] Properly, the air; hence,
1.
The state of the air or atmosphere with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness, and the like; as warm weather; cold weather; wet weather; dry weather; calm weather; tempestuous weather; fair weather; cloudy weather; hazy weather, and the like.
2.
Change of the state of the air.
3.
Storm; tempest.
[These last significations are not now in use, unless by a poetic license.]
Stress of weather, violent winds; force of tempests.

WEATHER

,
Verb.
T.
wether.
1.
To air; to expose to the air. [Rarely used.]
2.
In seamens language, to sail to the windward of something else; as, to weather a cape; to weather another ship. As this is often difficult, hence,
3.
To pass with difficulty.
To weather a point, to gain or accomplish it against opposition.
To weather out, to endure; to hold out to the end; as, to weather out a storm.
Weather is used with several words, either as an adjective, or as forming part of a compound word.

Definition 2021


weather

weather

English

Noun

weather (countable and uncountable, plural weathers)

  1. The short term state of the atmosphere at a specific time and place, including the temperature, relative humidity, cloud cover, precipitation, wind, etc.
  2. Unpleasant or destructive atmospheric conditions, and their effects.
    Wooden garden furniture must be well oiled as it is continuously exposed to weather.
  3. (nautical) The direction from which the wind is blowing; used attributively to indicate the windward side.
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby-Dick, ch. 3:
      One complained of a bad cold in his head, upon which Jonah mixed him a pitch-like potion of gin and molasses, which he swore was a sovereign cure for all colds and catarrhs whatsoever, never mind of how long standing, or whether caught off the coast of Labrador, or on the weather side of an ice-island.
  4. (countable, figuratively) A situation.
  5. (obsolete) A storm; a tempest.
    • Dryden
      What gusts of weather from that gathering cloud / My thoughts presage!
  6. (obsolete) A light shower of rain.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wyclif to this entry?)

Synonyms

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Verb

weather (third-person singular simple present weathers, present participle weathering, simple past and past participle weathered)

  1. To expose to the weather, or show the effects of such exposure, or to withstand such effects.
    • H. Miller
      The organisms [] seem indestructible, while the hard matrix in which they are embedded has weathered from around them.
    • Spenser
      [An eagle] soaring through his wide empire of the air / To weather his broad sails.
  2. (by extension) To sustain the trying effect of; to bear up against and overcome; to endure; to resist.
    • Longfellow
      For I can weather the roughest gale.
    • F. W. Robertson
      You will weather the difficulties yet.
  3. To breakdown, of rocks and other materials, under the effects of exposure to rain, sunlight, temperature, and air.
  4. (nautical) To pass to windward in a vessel, especially to beat 'round.
    to weather a cape; to weather another ship
  5. (nautical) To endure or survive an event or action without undue damage.
    Joshua weathered a collision with a freighter near South Africa.
  6. (falconry) To place (a hawk) unhooded in the open air.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Encyc. Brit. to this entry?)

Derived terms

Translations

Anagrams