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Webster 1913 Edition


Verb

Verb

,
Noun.
[F.
verbe
, L.
verbum
a word, verb. See
Word
.]
1.
A word; a vocable.
[Obs.]
South.
2.
(Gram.)
A word which affirms or predicates something of some person or thing; a part of speech expressing being, action, or the suffering of action.
☞ A verb is a word whereby the chief action of the mind [the assertion or the denial of a proposition] finds expression.
Earle.
Active verb
,
Auxiliary verb
,
Neuter verb
,
etc. See
Active
,
Auxiliary
,
Neuter
, etc.

Webster 1828 Edition


Verb

VERB

,
Noun.
[L. verbum, fero.]
1.
In grammar, a part of speech that expresses action, motion, being, suffering, or a request or command to do or forbear any thing. The verb affirms, declares, asks or commands; as, I write; he runs; the river flows; they sleep; we see; they are deceived; depart; go; come; write; does he improve?
When the action expressed by a verb is exerted on an object, or terminates upon it, the act is considered as passing to that object, and the verb is called transitive; as, I read Livy. When the act expressed by the verb, terminates in the agent or subject, the verb is called intransitive; as, I run; I walk, I sleep.
When the agent and object change places, and the agent is considered as the instrument by which the object is affected, the verb is called passive; as, Goliath was slain by David.
2.
A word.

Definition 2022


Verb

Verb

See also: verb and vèrb

German

Alternative forms

  • Verbe (plural, dated)

Noun

Verb n (genitive Verbs, plural Verben)

  1. (grammar) verb

Synonyms

  • Verbum
  • Zeitwort
  • Tätigkeitswort, Tatwort (dated: Thatwort), Tuwort/Tunwort
  • Wandelwort
  • Aussagewort; maybe dated: Redewort, Meldewort, Sagewort, Aussager, Aussaganzeiger
  • maybe dated: Begebenheitswort, Beilegwort, Satzwort, Sätzer
  • maybe dated: Zustandswort (also used for Latin verbum intransitivum, i.e. intransitive verb), Handlungswort (also used for Latin verbum transitivum, i.e. transitive verb)

Hyponyms

  • Hauptverb = Vollverb, Hilfsverb = Auxiliarverb, Modalverb, Modalitätsverb
  • Finitverb, Infinitverb, Infinitivverb
  • Impersonale
  • Transitivverb = Transitiv(um), Intransitivverb = Intransitiv(um), Reflexivverb
  • Pronominalverb
  • Deponens = Deponensverb
  • Faktitiv(um) (dated: Factitivum) = Kausativ(um), Frequentativ(um) = Iterativ(um), Desiderativ(um), Imitativ(um), Inchoativ(um), Intensivum
  • Rückumlautverb
  • Präteritopräsens

Derived terms

  • verbalisch, verbal, verbalisieren, Verbalisierung (ambiguous, can also refer to (spoken) words)
  • Deverbativum, deverbal, Verbalsubstantiv
  • Bewirkungsverb = Veranlassungsverb

verb

verb

See also: vèrb and Verb

English

Alternative forms

Noun

verb (plural verbs)

  1. (grammar) A word that indicates an action, event, or state.
    The word “speak” is an English verb.
  2. (obsolete) Any word; a vocable.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of South to this entry?)

Usage notes

Verbs compose a fundamental category of words in most languages. In an English clause, a verb forms the head of the predicate of the clause. In many languages, verbs uniquely conjugate for tense and aspect.

Quotations

  • 2001Eoin Colfer, Artemis Fowl, p 221
    Then you could say that the doorway exploded. But the particular verb doesn't do the action justice. Rather, it shattered into infinitesimal pieces.

Hyponyms

  • See: Wikisaurus:verb

Derived terms

  • See also: Wikisaurus:verb

Translations

Verb

verb (third-person singular simple present verbs, present participle verbing, simple past and past participle verbed)

  1. (transitive, nonstandard, colloquial) To use any word that is not a verb (especially a noun) as if it were a verb.
    • a. 1981 Feb 22, unknown Guardian editor as quoted by William Safire, On Language, in New York Times, pSM3
      Haig, in congressional hearings before his confirmatory, paradoxed his auditioners by abnormalling his responds so that verbs were nouned, nouns verbed and adjectives adverbised. He techniqued a new way to vocabulary his thoughts so as to informationally uncertain anybody listening about what he had actually implicationed... .
    • 1997, David. F. Griffiths, Desmond J. Higham, learning LATEX, p8
      Nouns should never be verbed.
    • 2005 Oct 5, Jeffrey Mattison, Letters, in The Christian Science Monitor, p8
      In English, verbing nouns is okay
  2. (used as a neutral, unspecific verb, often in linguistics and the social sciences) To perform any action that is normally expressed by a verb.
    • 1946: Rand Corporation, The Rand Paper Series
      For example, one-part versions of the proposition "The doctor pursued the lawyer" were "The doctor verbed the object," ...
    • 1964: Journal of Mathematical Psychology
      Each sentence had the same basic structure: The subject transitive verbed the object who intransitive verbed in the location.
    • 1998: Marilyn A. Walker, Aravind Krishna Joshi, Centering Theory in Discourse
      The sentence frame was Dan verbed Ben approaching the store. This sentence frame was followed in all cases by He went inside.

Conjugation

Quotations

  • For usage examples of this term, see Citations:verb.

See also


Catalan

Etymology

Latin verbum

Noun

verb m (plural verbs)

  1. verb

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Latin verbum

Noun

verb n (definite singular verbet, indefinite plural verb or verber, definite plural verba or verbene)

  1. a verb

Derived terms

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Latin verbum

Noun

verb n (definite singular verbet, indefinite plural verb, definite plural verba)

  1. a verb

Derived terms

References


Romanian

Etymology

From Latin verbum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [verb]

Noun

verb n (plural verbe)

  1. verb

Declension


Swedish

Noun

verb n

  1. a verb

Declension

Synonyms

  • kraftord

Hyponyms

  • hjälpverb

Related terms

References


Veps

Noun

verb

  1. verb

Inflection

Inflection of verb
nominative sing. verb
genitive sing. verban
partitive sing. verbad
partitive plur. verboid
singular plural
nominative verb verbad
accusative verban verbad
genitive verban verboiden
partitive verbad verboid
essive-instructive verban verboin
translative verbaks verboikš
inessive verbas verboiš
elative verbaspäi verboišpäi
illative ? verboihe
adessive verbal verboil
ablative verbalpäi verboilpäi
allative verbale verboile
abessive verbata verboita
comitative verbanke verboidenke
prolative verbadme verboidme
approximative I verbanno verboidenno
approximative II verbannoks verboidennoks
egressive verbannopäi verboidennopäi
terminative I ? verboihesai
terminative II verbalesai verboilesai
terminative III verbassai
additive I ? verboihepäi
additive II verbalepäi verboilepäi

References

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), глагол”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika