Definify.com

Definition 2022


-al

-al

See also: Appendix:Variations of "al"

English

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /əl/

Suffix

-al

  1. of or pertaining to; adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also.
    base, basal
    cranium, cranial
  2. Forming nouns, especially of verbal action.
    e.g. rival, proposal, denial
Usage notes

If the root word contains l, the variant -ar is often used instead (e.g. solar, lunar, columnar, lumbar). Sometimes both forms are found: linear, lineal. One also sees -ial, as in manorial.

As nominalizer, some verbs have two corresponding nouns, one ending in -al and the other in -tion/-sion (more common suffix), with one or the other being more common, sometimes with different nuances. Notable examples: disposition/disposal (dispose), proposition/proposal (propose), submission/submittal (submit), transmission/transmittal (transmit). Some superficial pairs are actually of different origin, notably reversion/reversal (revert/reverse, not both from reverse).

Derived terms

See also

Etymology 2

Extracted from the word "aldehyde"

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /æl/

Suffix

-al

  1. (organic chemistry) Forms the names of aldehydes.
Translations

Abenaki

Suffix

-al

  1. A suffix used to form the plurals of inanimate words.
    pessimen (currant)pessimenal (currants)
    wôbigen (it is white)wôbigenal (they are white)

Usage notes

  • -al is the most common suffix used to form the plurals of inanimate words, including most body parts and some words ending in the vowel a.
  • See the usage notes at -ak.

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin -ālis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈaɫ/

Suffix

-al m, f

  1. In adjectives, indicating relation.
    estructura (structure)estructural (structural).

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Catalan_words_suffixed_with_-al'>Catalan words suffixed with -al</a>

Danish

Suffix

-al

  1. (organic chemistry) -al

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɑl/

Suffix

-al

  1. (organic chemistry) -al

Synonyms

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Dutch_words_suffixed_with_-al'>Dutch words suffixed with -al</a>

Esperanto

Suffix

-al

  1. for [...] reason (ending for correlatives of reason)

Derived terms


French

Etymology

From Middle French, from Old French -al, a borrowing from Latin -ālis. Cognate to French -el, which is also from Latin -ālis but inherited (not borrowed).

Suffix

-al

  1. -al (of or pertaining to; adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also)

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:French_words_suffixed_with_-al'>French words suffixed with -al</a>

German

Etymology

Borrowing from Latin -ālis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [aːl]

Suffix

-al

  1. pertaining to, using; adjectival suffix appended to nouns

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:German_words_suffixed_with_-al'>German words suffixed with -al</a>

Hungarian

Etymology

-a- + -l

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɒl]

Suffix

-al

  1. (verb suffix) Added to a noun to form a verb.
    szárny (a wing)szárnyal (to soar)
  2. (noun suffix) Added to a verb to form a noun (no longer productive in this role).
    von (to pull)vonal (line)

Usage notes

  • (verb suffix) Variants:
    -l is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-. Final long vowels may shorten, e.g. űü.
    -ol is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -al is added to other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -el is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öl is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ál is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (noun suffix) Variants:
    -al is added to back vowel words
    -el is added to front vowel words

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Hungarian_verbs_suffixed_with_-al'>Hungarian verbs suffixed with -al</a>
<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Hungarian_nouns_suffixed_with_-al'>Hungarian nouns suffixed with -al</a>

See also

  • Appendix:Hungarian suffixes

Lepontic

Suffix

-al

  1. Romanization of -𐌀𐌋

Norman

Etymology

From Old French -al, a Borrowing from Latin -ālis.

Suffix

-al

  1. -al (of or pertaining to; adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form)

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Norman_words_suffixed_with_-al'>Norman words suffixed with -al</a>

Novial

Suffix

-al

  1. Short form of -ali.

Usage notes

  • Remove the last vowel (except 'u') of the given noun before appending this suffix to it.

Old French

Alternative forms

Etymology

Borrowing from Latin -ālis. Compare the inherited -el.

Suffix

-al

  1. suffix used to form adjectives from nouns
    mesnal ― domestic; household (from mesnee)

Descendants

  • Middle French: -al

Portuguese

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old Portuguese -al, from Latin -ālis.

Suffix

-al (plural -ais)

  1. appended to noun X, forms adjectives meaning “of or pertaining to X”
    abismo (abyss) + -alabismal (abyssal; abysmal)
    indústria (factory; industry) + -alindustrial (industrial)
  2. forms synonyms of adjectives containing the suffix -ico
    angélico (angelic) + -alangelical (angelical)
  3. appended to noun X, forms nouns meaning “a collection X” or “a large quantity of X”
    ninho (nest) + -alninhal (a bunch of nests)
    edito (edict) + -aledital (notice board)
  4. appended to noun X, forms nouns meaning “a place where there is plenty of X”
    pedra (rock) + -alpedregal (a rocky field)
    colmeia (beehive) + -alcolmeal (a place with many beehives)
  5. appended to the name of a plant, forms nouns meaning “a field where that plant is cultivated”
    trigo (wheat) + -altrigal (wheatfield)
    sobreiro (cork oak) + -alsobreiral (an orchard of cork oaks)
Synonyms

Etymology 2

From the first syllable of álcool (alcohol) and aldeído (aldehyde).

Suffix

-al m

  1. (chemistry) forms the names of alcohols
  2. (chemistry) forms the names of aldehydes

Spanish

Etymology

From Latin -ālis.

Suffix

-al (plural -ales)

  1. In adjectives, indicating relation
    cultura (culture) + -alcultural (cultural).
  2. In nouns, indicating a place where something is grown
    maíz (corn) + -almaizal (corn field)
    naranja (orange) + -alnaranjal (orange grove)

Synonyms

  • (indicating a place): -ar

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Spanish_words_suffixed_with_-al'>Spanish words suffixed with -al</a>

Swedish

Suffix

-al

  1. -al, of or pertaining to; forming an adjective from a noun

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Swedish_words_suffixed_with_-al'>Swedish words suffixed with -al</a>

See also