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Definition 2021


-an

-an

See also: Appendix:Variations of "an"

English

Alternative forms

Suffix

-an

  1. Of or pertaining to; an adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. (Often added to words of Latin origin, but also used with words of other origins. When a word ends in a, -n is used instead.)
    Rome : Roman
  2. Appended to nouns to form an agent noun. (When males with a profession are distinguished from females, males are -an, females -(i)enne.)
    comedian, from comedy + -an
    historian, from history + -an

Synonyms

Translations

See also

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:English_words_suffixed_with_-an'>English words suffixed with -an</a>

Chuukese

Suffix

-an

  1. (added to possessive nouns) his, hers, its

Related terms


Cimbrian

Suffix

-an

  1. forms the infinitive of verbs

Esperanto

Suffix

-an

  1. Obsolete form of -am.

See also


Finnish

Suffix

-an

  1. (personal) Forms the impersonal indicative present forms of verbs that include back vowels (a, o or u or i or e with a, o or u compare -än), appended to the infinitive.
    • No changes in verbs that end in one a.
    juosta + -an -> juostaan
    • Verbs ending in -oa the beginning stem is followed by -ta- and then by this.
    sanoa, stem sano- + -ta- + -an -> sanotaan
    • Verbs ending in -aa or -ea the beginning stem is followed by -eta- and then by this.
    laittaa, stem lait- + -eta- + -an -> laitetaan
    paistaa, stem paist- + -eta- + -an -> paistetaan
    laskea, stem lask- + -eta- + -an -> lasketaan
  2. (case suffix) A suffix variant for the illative singular, see -Vn.
    laiva boat (word includes back vowels, a cf. -än) -> + -an = laivaan (on)to a/the boat; (in)to a/the boat
  3. (possessive) A variant for the third-person suffix -nsa, see the usage notes below.

Usage notes

  • (third-person possessive suffix variant): When the third-person suffix -nsa is appended to non-nominative noun forms that end in a single -a (those that are in singular and plural inessive, elative, adessive, ablative, essive and abessive and plural partitive and singular partitive ending with -ta), the S and A are very often omitted from the suffix and the last A of the case suffix preceding the remaining N is doubled resulting in this -an. In standard Finnish, both the "full" form and the shortened form are acceptable (cf. -nsä). This same omission takes very often place also in the nominal verb forms used in shortened sentences (see the meanings of -nsa) and in the adverbs requiring this suffix:
Singular
(parti.) laitettansa -> laitettaan koiraansa -> -"- (no changes)
(iness.) laitteessansa -> laitteessaan koirassansa -> koirassaan
(elat.) laitteestansa -> laitteestaan koirastansa -> koirastaan
(adess.) laitteellansa -> laitteellaan koirallansa -> koirallaan
(ablat.) laitteeltansa -> laitteeltaan koiraltansa -> koiraltaan
(ess.) laitteenansa -> laitteenaan koiranansa -> koiranaan
(abess.) laitteettansa -> laitteettaan koirattansa -> koirattaan
Plural
(partit.) laitteitansa -> laitteitaan koiriansa -> koiriaan
(iness.) laitteissansa -> laitteissaan koirissansa -> koirissaan
(elat.) laitteistansa -> laitteistaan koiristansa -> koiristaan
(adess.) laitteillansa -> laitteillaan koirillansa -> koirillaan
(ablat.) laitteiltansa -> laitteiltaan koiriltansa -> koiriltaan
(ess.) laitteinansa -> laitteinaan koirinansa -> koirinaan
(abess.) laitteittansa -> laitteittaan koirittansa -> koirittaan

Hungarian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɒn]

Suffix

-an

  1. (adverbial suffix) Added to an adjective or numeral to create an adverb.
    pontos (accurate)pontosan (accurately)
    hat (six)Hatan mentünk moziba. - Six of us went to the cinema.
    nyolc (eight)Nyolcan vannak a szobában. - There are eight people in the room.
  2. (verb suffix) Added to a stem - often an onomatopoeias - to form a verb expressing an instantaneous action.
    kattan (to click, to make one clicking sound)
    robban (to explode)

Usage notes

  • (adverbial suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -n is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -an is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -en is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (verb suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -an is added to back vowel words
    -en is added to front vowel words

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Hungarian_adverbs_suffixed_with_-an'>Hungarian adverbs suffixed with -an</a>
<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Hungarian_verbs_suffixed_with_-an'>Hungarian verbs suffixed with -an</a>

See also

  • Appendix:Hungarian suffixes

Indonesian

Etymology

From Malay -an, from Proto-Malayic *-an, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *-an, from Proto-Austronesian *-an.

Suffix

-an

  1. Suffix for collectivity
  2. Suffix for similarity
  3. Suffix for object
  4. Suffix for place
  5. Suffix for instrument
    bangun (to wake up, to get up) + -an = bangunan (building)

Malay

Etymology

From Proto-Malayic *-an, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *-an, from Proto-Austronesian *-an.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /an/
  • Rhymes: -an

Suffix

-an (Jawi spelling -ان)

  1. Suffix for collectivity
  2. Suffix for similarity
  3. Suffix for object
  4. Suffix for place
  5. Suffix for instrument
    bangun (to wake up, to get up) + -an = bangunan (building)

Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *-aną

Suffix

-an

  1. (verbal suffix) used to form the infinitive of most verbs (exceptions are verbs like flēon (to flee))
    singan (to sing)
    niman (to take)

Old Norse

Etymology

Presumably from Proto-Germanic *-ōniz.

Suffix

-an

  1. (deverbative suffix) Used to derive nouns from class 2 weak verbs.
    friða (to pacify) + -anfriðan (pacifying)
    sanna (to assert, prove) + -ansannan (assertion, confirmation)
    synja (to deny) + -ansynjan (denial)

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Old_Norse_words_suffixed_with_-an'>Old Norse words suffixed with -an</a>

Old Saxon

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *-aną

Suffix

-an

  1. (verbal suffix) used to form the infinitive of strong verbs (exceptions are a few verbs ending in -ian like biddian or liggian)
    drinkan "to drink"
    hwerƀan "to travel"

Romanian

Suffix

-an m, n (feminine singular -ană, masculine plural -ani, feminine and neuter plural -ane)

  1. Added to nouns and adjectives as an augmentative suffix.
    gras (fat) + -angrăsan (fatso)
  2. Forms adjectives and nouns describing things and characteristics of a city, region, or country; -an
    Australia (Australia) + -anaustralian (Australian)
  3. Forms names of male animals.
    gâscă (goose) + -angâscan (gander)

Declension

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Romanian_words_suffixed_with_-an'>Romanian words suffixed with -an</a>

Scottish Gaelic

Etymology 1

From Old Irish -án.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /an/

Suffix

-an m

  1. A masculine suffix used to form nouns meaning a smaller form of something, often used for male given names.
    Cailean, Eòghan, Ailean, Beathan
    clàran, clachan, bioran

Etymology 2

Cognate to Irish -anna, Manx -yn.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ən/

Suffix

-an pl

  1. Used to form regular plurals of nouns.
    clach (stone)clachan pl
    damh (ox, stag)damhan pl
    leannan (lover, sweetheart)leannanan pl

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Scottish_Gaelic_words_suffixed_with_-an'>Scottish Gaelic words suffixed with -an</a>

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

Suffix

-an (Cyrillic spelling -ан)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a (often negative) feature or endearment.

Etymology 2

From Proto-Slavic *-ьnъ.

Suffix

-an (Cyrillic spelling -ан)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create an adjective.

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Serbo-Croatian_words_suffixed_with_-an'>Serbo-Croatian words suffixed with -an</a>

See also

  • -ašan
  • -ešan

Spanish

Suffix

-an

  1. Suffix indicating the third-person plural present indicative of -ar verbs.
  2. Suffix indicating the third-person plural present subjunctive of -er and -ir verbs.
  3. Suffix indicating the third-person plural imperative of -er and -ir verbs.

See also


Swedish

Suffix

-an

  1. making a noun from a verb, similar to -ing and -ning, having -ningar as the plural, e.g. predika (to preach)predikan (a sermon)
  2. -an; making a noun, describing a person by belief or nationality, e.g. Tibettibetan, lutheran, vegetarian

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Swedish_words_suffixed_with_-an'>Swedish words suffixed with -an</a>

Tagalog

Verbal Suffix

-an

  1. actor trigger: to do something to a person or a thing
    Buksan mo ang pinto.
    (You) open the door. (You is focused).
  2. object trigger: to cause something to become; to make
    Binagalan ni Sue ang kotse.
    Sue slowed down the car. (The car is focused).
  3. directional trigger: to do something in the (physical or psychological) direction of
    Tinitingnan ko ang manwal.
    I'm looking at the manual. (The manual is focused).
  4. benefactive trigger: to do something for
    Titirhan ko si Roy ng keyk.
    I'll leave some cake for Roy. (Roy is focused).
  5. object trigger: (with root word reduplication) to do something occasionally, at random, a little, a bit, now and then or here and there
    Winawalis-walisan; ko ang sahig.
    I'm sweeping the floor a bit. (The floor is focused).
  6. directional trigger: (with root word reduplication) to do something in the (physical or psychological) direction of, occasionally, at random, a little, a bit, now and then or here and there
    Tinutulung-tulungan ni Jessy si Patty.
    Jessy helped Patty a bit. (Patty is focused).

Noun Suffix

-an

  1. a place where a large quantity of the thing meant by the root is put, planted, or can be found
    aklat (book) + -an = aklatan (library)
    basura (trash) + -an = basurahan (trash can)
  2. a place where the action expressed by the root is performed
    kain (eat) + -an = kainan (place where people eat e.g. restaurant, café,...)
  3. a period in which the action expressed by the root is collectively performed
    ani (harvest) + -an = anihan (harvest time)
    pasok (entry, class, work) + -an = pasukan (school time, school year)
  4. a tool or an object that is used to measure what is meant by the root
    oras (time) + -an = orasan (clock, watch)
    timbang (weight) + -an = timbangan (weighing scale)
  5. reciprocal or joint performance of the action expressed by the root
    sayaw (dance) + -an = sayawan (dancing together)
    kanta (sing) + -an = kantahan (singing together)

Note on morphophonemics

  • Normally, /h/ is inserted before -an when the root word end with a vowel that is not followed by a glottal stop. In some cases, phoneme change can occur and /h/ becomes /n/.
    ganti + -an = gantihan
    talo + -an = talunan
  • Sometimes, the final vowel of the root word disappears when the suffix is added.
    sunod + -an = sundan
    takip + -an = takpan

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Tagalog_words_suffixed_with_-an'>Tagalog words suffixed with -an</a>

Volapük

Suffix

-an

  1. Used to indicate someone who is or does something

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Volap%C3%BCk_words_suffixed_with_-an'>Volapük words suffixed with -an</a>