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Definition 2021


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Translingual

Han character

(radical 47 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 卜女竹中山 (YVHLU), four-corner 00211, composition)

  1. a watery waste
  2. to reach

Note: The top part could be found as instead of .

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 324, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8679
  • Dae Jaweon: page 624, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 283, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5DDF

Chinese

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*maːŋ
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*maːŋ
*maːŋ
*maːŋ, *maːŋs
*maːŋ, *maŋs
*maːŋ, *hmaːŋ, *maŋ, *mraːŋ, *mraːŋs
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋs
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ, *hmaŋʔ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ
*hmaːŋʔ
*smaːŋs, *smaːŋ
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*maŋ
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*mlaŋʔ
*mlaŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*mlaŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋs
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ

Pronunciation



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (102)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hwɑŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/hʷɑŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/xuɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwaŋ/
Li
Rong
/xuɑŋ/
Wang
Li
/xuɑŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xwɑŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huāng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xwang ›
Old
Chinese
/*m̥ˤaŋ/
English broad

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12652
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hmaːŋ/

Japanese

Kanji

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings