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Definition 2021


Stroke order

Translingual

Han character

(radical 38 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 卜女女 (YVV), four-corner 00404, composition)

References


Chinese

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*maːŋ
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*maːŋ
*maːŋ
*maːŋ, *maːŋs
*maːŋ, *maŋs
*maːŋ, *hmaːŋ, *maŋ, *mraːŋ, *mraːŋs
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋs
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ, *hmaŋʔ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ
*hmaːŋʔ
*smaːŋs, *smaːŋ
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*maŋ
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*mlaŋʔ
*mlaŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*mlaŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋs
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *maŋs) : phonetic  (OC *maŋ) + semantic .

Pronunciation



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (106)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mʉɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/mʷiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/miuɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/muaŋH/
Li
Rong
/miuaŋH/
Wang
Li
/mĭwaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/miwaŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*maŋ-s/
English reckless

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12684
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*maŋs/

Definitions

  1. improper; unrighteous
  2. absurd; foolish
  3. reckless; wild; presumptuous
  4. insolent; arrogant
  5. wilfully; recklessly; presumptuously

Compounds

  • 不敢妄言
  • 任性妄為任性妄为
  • 僭妄
  • 塵妄尘妄
  • 大膽妄為大胆妄为
  • 妄下雌黃妄下雌黄
  • 妄人
  • 妄作 (wàngzuò)
  • 妄動妄动
  • 妄圖妄图 (wàngtú)
  • 妄念
  • 妄想 (wàngxiǎng)
  • 妄想症
  • 妄求
  • 妄為妄为 (wàngwéi)
  • 妄生穿鑿妄生穿凿
  • 妄稱妄称
  • 妄自尊大 (wàngzìzūndà)
  • 妄自菲薄
  • 妄言 (wàngyán)
  • 妄言妄聽妄言妄听
  • 妄言輕動妄言轻动
  • 妄誕妄诞 (wàngdàn)
  • 妄語妄语
  • 妄說妄说
  • 妖妄
  • 姑妄聽之姑妄听之
  • 姑妄言之
  • 恣意妄為恣意妄为
  • 恣意妄行
  • 愚妄 (yúwàng)
  • 無妄无妄 (wúwàng)
  • 無妄之災无妄之灾
  • 無妄之禍无妄之祸
  • 無妄之福无妄之福
  • 狂妄 (kuángwàng)
  • 狂妄自大
  • 痴心妄想
  • 目不妄視目不妄视
  • 真妄
  • 瞽言妄舉瞽言妄举
  • 禍不妄至祸不妄至
  • 肆意妄為肆意妄为
  • 膽大妄為胆大妄为
  • 虛妄虚妄 (xūwàng)
  • 言十妄九
  • 言狂意妄
  • 誕妄诞妄
  • 謀虛逐妄谋虚逐妄
  • 謬妄谬妄
  • 譫妄谵妄 (zhānwàng)
  • 貪心妄想贪心妄想
  • 輕舉妄動轻举妄动
  • 逞意妄為逞意妄为
  • 驕矜狂妄骄矜狂妄

Japanese

Kanji

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. a lie
  2. carelessly

Readings

Compounds

References


Korean

Hanja

(mang) (hangeul , revised mang, McCune-Reischauer mang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

(vọng, vòng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.