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Definition 2022


два

два

Belarusian

Belarusian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)
    Ordinal : другі (druhi)

Numeral

два (dva) m and n, дзве f (dzvje)

  1. (cardinal) two (2)

Usage notes

два and дзве, when in the nominative case or accusative case, even in compounds (22, 32, 42, 102, etc.), govern the genitive of the noun.

Declension

Related terms

  • двухгадо́вы (dvuxhadóvy)
  • двухго́ддзе (dvuxhóddzje)
  • двухкра́тны (dvuxkrátny)

Coordinate terms


Bulgarian

Bulgarian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)
    Ordinal : втори (vtori)

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

Numeral

два (dva) m (два́ма (dváma) m (personal), две f (dve), n)

  1. (cardinal) two (2)

Coordinate terms


Macedonian

Numeral

два (dva)

  1. two

Inflection


Russian

Russian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)
    Ordinal : второ́й (vtorój)

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [dva]

Numeral

два (dva) m, n, две f (dve)

  1. two (2)

Usage notes

два and две, when in the nominative case or accusative case, even in compounds (22, 32, 42, 102, etc.), govern the genitive of the noun.

  • In the nominative case, all nouns become genitive singular. In the accusative case, animate nouns become genitive plural and inanimate nouns remain in genitive singular.
  • The reason behind the genitive singular here is that, in Old Russian, два governed the dual number, and the old nominative dual form was the same as the masculine genitive singular. When the dual number was lost in Russian, the form came to be considered the genitive singular that it resembled. This was extended to include the numbers три (tri) and четы́ре (četýre), and eventually it was applied by analogy to feminine nouns as well.
  • While the noun in a nominative construction is in the genitive singular following два or две, an intervening adjective or adjectival participle will be in the genitive plural or nominative plural
    • If два is in nominative case, the adjective will be nominative plural when the noun is feminine
    • If два is in accusative case, the adjective will be nominative plural only if the noun is feminine inanimate

Declension

Related terms

  • двубортный (dvubortnyj)
  • двуглавный (dvuglavnyj)
  • двугласный (dvuglasnyj)
  • двужильный (dvužilʹnyj)
  • двуколка (dvukolka)
  • двукратный (dvukratnyj)
  • двуличность (dvuličnostʹ)
  • двуличный (dvuličnyj)
  • двурушник (dvurušnik)
  • двусмы́сленный (dvusmýslennyj)
  • двустволка (dvustvolka)
  • двустворчатый (dvustvorčatyj)
  • двусторо́нний (dvustorónnij)
  • двухдневный (dvuxdnevnyj)
  • двухколейный (dvuxkolejnyj)
  • двухколёсный (dvuxkoljósnyj)
  • двухлетний (dvuxletnij)
  • двухместный (dvuxmestnyj)
  • двухмесячный (dvuxmesjačnyj)
  • двухмоторный (dvuxmotornyj)
  • двухнедельный (dvuxnedelʹnyj)
  • двухэтажный (dvuxɛtažnyj)
  • двуязычный (dvujazyčnyj)

Derived terms

Coordinate terms


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Rusyn

Rusyn cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *dъva.

Numeral

два (dva)

  1. (cardinal) two (2)

See also


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dʋâː/

Numeral

два̑ (Latin spelling dvȃ)

  1. (cardinal) two (2)

Ukrainian

Ukrainian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)
    Ordinal : дру́гий (drúhyj)

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dvɑ/

Numeral

два (dva) m, n, дві f (dvi)

  1. (cardinal) two (2)

Declension

Coordinate terms