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Webster 1913 Edition


System

Sys′tem

,
Noun.
[L.
systema
, Gr. [GREEK], fr. [GREEK] to place together;
σύν
with + [GREEK] to place: cf. F.
système
. See
Stand
.]
1.
An assemblage of objects arranged in regular subordination, or after some distinct method, usually logical or scientific; a complete whole of objects related by some common law, principle, or end; a complete exhibition of essential principles or facts, arranged in a rational dependence or connection; a regular union of principles or parts forming one entire thing;
as, a
system
of philosophy; a
system
of government; a
system
of divinity; a
system
of botany or chemistry; a military
system
; the solar
system
.
The best way to learn any science, is to begin with a regular
system
, or a short and plain scheme of that science well drawn up into a narrow compass.
I. Watts.
2.
Hence, the whole scheme of created things regarded as forming one complete plan of whole; the universe.
“The great system of the world.”
Boyle.
3.
Regular method or order; formal arrangement; plan;
as, to have a
system
in one’s business
.
4.
(Mus.)
The collection of staves which form a full score. See
Score
,
Noun.
5.
(Biol.)
An assemblage of parts or organs, either in animal or plant, essential to the performance of some particular function or functions which as a rule are of greater complexity than those manifested by a single organ;
as, the capillary
system
, the muscular
system
, the digestive
system
, etc.
; hence, the whole body as a functional unity.
6.
(Zool.)
One of the stellate or irregular clusters of intimately united zooids which are imbedded in, or scattered over, the surface of the common tissue of many compound ascidians.
Block system
,
Conservative system
,
etc. See under
Block
,
Conservative
, etc.

Webster 1828 Edition


System

SYS'TEM

,
Noun.
[L. systema; Gr. to set.]
1.
An assemblage of things adjusted into a regular whole; or a whole plan or scheme consisting of many parts connected in such a manner as to create a chain of mutual dependencies; or a regular union of principles or parts forming one entire thing. Thus we say, a system of logic, a system of philosophy, a system of government, a system of principles, the solar system, the Copernican system, a system of divinity, a system of law, a system of morality, a system of husbandry, a system of botany or of chimistry.
2.
Regular method or order.
3.
In music, an interval compounded or supposed to be compounded of several lesser intervals, as the fifth octave, &c. the elements of which are called diastems.

Definition 2021


System

System

See also: system and systém

German

Noun

System n (genitive Systems, plural Systeme)

  1. system
  2. (geology) period

Declension

Derived terms

References

  1. Das Phonetik Blog

system

system

See also: System and systém

English

Noun

system (plural systems)

  1. A collection of organized things; a whole composed of relationships among its members.
    There are eight planets in the solar system.
    • 2013 May–June, Charles T. Ambrose, “Alzheimer’s Disease”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 200:
      Similar studies of rats have employed four different intracranial resorbable, slow sustained release systems—surgical foam, a thermal gel depot, a microcapsule or biodegradable polymer beads.
    1. (mathematics) A set of equations involving the same variables, which are to be solved simultaneously.
    2. (medicine) The body organs that contribute to a vegetative function.
    3. (music) A set of staffs that indicate instruments or sounds that are to be played simultaneously.
    4. (computing) The set of hardware and software operating in a computer.
  2. A method or way of organizing or planning.
    Many people believed communism was a good system until the breakup of the Soviet Union.
    • 1915, George A. Birmingham, chapter I”, in Gossamer (Project Gutenberg; EBook #24394), London: Methuen & Co., published 8 January 2013 (Project Gutenberg version), OCLC 558189256:
      As a political system democracy seems to me extraordinarily foolish, but I would not go out of my way to protest against it. My servant is, so far as I am concerned, welcome to as many votes as he can get. I would very gladly make mine over to him if I could.
    • 2012 March–April, John T. Jost, “Social justice: Is it in our nature (and our future)?”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 162:
      He draws eclectically on studies of baboons, descriptive anthropological accounts of hunter-gatherer societies and, in a few cases, the fossil record. With this biological framework in place, Corning endeavors to show that the capitalist system as currently practiced in the United States and elsewhere is manifestly unfair.
    1. (derogatory, with "the") The mainstream culture, controlled by the elites or government of a state, or a combination of them, seen as oppressive to the individual.
      • 1986, Madonna; Stephen Bray; Patrick Leonard (lyrics and music), “Where's the Party”, in True Blue, performed by Madonna:
        Don't want to grow old too fast / Don't want to let the system get me down / I've got to find a way to make the good times last / And if you'll show me how, I'm ready now

Usage notes

  • In attributive use, especially relating to computer systems, the plural is more common than the singular; one normally speaks of a systems engineer and not a system engineer.

Synonyms

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

See also

Statistics

Most common English words before 1923: sudden · usual · entirely · #725: system · sister · occasion · enemy

Danish

Etymology

From late Latin systēma, from Ancient Greek σύστημα (sústēma, organised whole, body), from σύν (sún, with, together) + ἵστημι (hístēmi, I stand).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /systeːm/, [syˈsd̥eːˀm]

Noun

system n (singular definite systemet, plural indefinite systemer)

  1. system

Declension

See also

References


French

Etymology

From English system

Noun

system m (plural systems)

  1. Word used in star system.

Norwegian Bokmål

Noun

system n (definite singular systemet, indefinite plural system or systemer, definite plural systema or systemene)

  1. system

Derived terms


Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

system n (definite singular systemet, indefinite plural system, definite plural systema)

  1. system

Derived terms


Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈsɨstɛm]

Noun

system m inan

  1. system

Declension


Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

system n

  1. a system, a way or method of organizing items and knowledge
  2. a computer system (primarily its hardware)
  3. a system of restricted sales of alcohol, including state-owned monopoly shops

Declension

Inflection of system 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative system systemet system systemen
Genitive systems systemets systems systemens

Related terms

  • datorsystem
  • ekosystem
  • Göteborgssystem
  • Stockholmssystem
  • sexualsystem
  • systemanalys
  • systemanrop
  • systematik
  • systematiker
  • systematisera
  • systematisering
  • systematisk
  • systembildning
  • systembolag
  • systembutik
  • systembyggande
  • systembyggnad
  • systemenhet
  • systemera
  • systemerare
  • systemering
  • systemfel
  • systemförvaltning
  • systemkamera
  • systemkasse
  • systemkritik
  • systemkritiker
  • systemkritisk
  • systemleverantör
  • systemlös
  • systemlösning
  • systemman
  • systemprogram
  • systemprogrammering
  • systempåse
  • systemskifte
  • systemteknik
  • systemtippning
  • systemtips
  • systemutveckling
  • tipssystem

References