Webster 1913 Edition
hrægl, a garment; akin to OHG.
An outer cloak or covering; a neckerchief for women.
To flow forth; to roll out; to course.
Streams of tears from her fair eyes forth
[Akin to LG. & Sw.
regelbar, bolt, G.
riegela rail, bar, or bolt, OHG.
rigel, bar, bolt, and possibly to E.
A bar of timber or metal, usually horizontal or nearly so, extending from one post or support to another, as in fences, balustrades, staircases, etc.
A horizontal piece in a frame or paneling. See Illust. of
A bar of steel or iron, forming part of the track on which the wheels roll. It is usually shaped with reference to vertical strength, and is held in place by chairs, splices, etc.
The stout, narrow plank that forms the top of the bulwarks.
The light, fencelike structures of wood or metal at the break of the deck, and elsewhere where such protection is needed.
A device attached to the front of a locomotive on each side for clearing the rail of obstructions.
A guard rail. See under–
a splice connecting the adjacent ends of rails, in distinction from a chair, which is merely a seat. The two devices are sometimes united. Among several hundred varieties, the fish joint is standard. See–
Fish joint, under
(Iron & Steel Manuf.),
a train of rolls in a rolling mill, for making rails for railroads from blooms or billets.
imp. & p. p.
p. pr. & vb. n.
To inclose with rails or a railing.
It ought to be fenced in and
To range in a line.
They were brought to London all
railedin ropes, like a team of horses in a cart.
râlerto have a rattling in the throat; of German origin, and akin to E.
Any one of numerous species of limicoline birds of the family
Rallidae, especially those of the genus
Rallus, and of closely allied genera. They are prized as game birds.
☞ The common European water rail (
Rallus aquaticus) is called also
skitty coot, and
brook runner. The best known American species are the clapper rail, or salt-marsh hen (
Rallus longirostris, var.
crepitans); the king, or red-breasted, rail (
Rallus elegans) (called also
fresh-water marshhen); the lesser clapper, or Virginia, rail (
Rallus Virginianus); and the Carolina, or sora, rail (
Porzana Carolina). See
railler; cf. Sp.
rallarto grate, scrape, molest; perhaps fr. (assumed) LL.
radiculare, fr. L.
radereto scrape, grate. Cf.
To use insolent and reproachful language; to utter reproaches; to scoff; – followed by
against, formerly by
railat arts he did not understand.
Lesbia forever on me
To rail at.
To move or influence by railing.
Railthe seal from off my bond.
Webster 1828 Edition
1.A cross beam fixed at the ends in two upright posts.
[In New England, this is never called a beam; pieces of timber of the proper size for rails are called scantling.]
2.In the United States, a piece of timber cleft, hewed or sawed, rough or smooth, inserted in upright posts for fencing. The common rails among farmers, are rough, being used as they are split from the chestnut or other trees. The rails used in fences of boards or pickets round gentlemen's houses and gardens, are usually sawed scantling and often dressed with the plane.
3.A bar of wood or iron used for inclosing any place; the piece into which ballusters are inserted.
4.A series of posts connected with cross beams, by which a place is inclosed.
In New England we never call this series a rail, but by the general term railing. In a picket fence, the pales or pickets rise above the rails; in a ballustrade, or fence resembling it, the ballusters usually terminate in the rails.
5.In a ship, a narrow plank nailed for ornament or security on a ship's upper works; also, a curved piece of timber extending from the bows of a ship to the continuation of its stern, to support the knee of the head, &c.
A woman's upper garment; retained in the word nightrail, but not used in the United States.
1.To inclose with rails.
2.To range in a line.
To utter reproaches; to scoff; to use insolent and reproachful language; to reproach or censure in opprobrious terms; followed by at or against, formerly by on.
And rail at arts he did not understand.
Lesbia forever on e rails.