cell (plural cells)
- A single-room dwelling for a hermit. [from 10th c.]
- 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, VI.6:
- So, taking them apart into his cell, / He to that point fit speaches gan to frame […].
- (now historical) A small monastery or nunnery dependent on a larger religious establishment. [from 11th c.]
- A small room in a monastery or nunnery accommodating one person. [from 14th c.]
- Gregor Mendel must have spent a good amount of time outside of his cell.
- Each of the small hexagonal compartments in a honeycomb. [from 14th c.]
- (biology, now chiefly botany) Any of various chambers in a tissue or organism having specific functions. [from 14th c.]
- 1858, Asa Gray, Introduction to Structural and Systematic Botany, fifth edition, p. 282:
- Each of the two cells or lobes of the anther is marked with a lateral line or furrow, running from top to bottom […].
- (obsolete) Specifically, any of the supposed compartments of the brain, formerly thought to be the source of specific mental capacities, knowledge, or memories. [14th-19th c.]
- 1890, Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray, ch.XVI:
- From cell to cell of his brain crept the one thought; and the wild desire to live, most terrible of all man's appetites, quickened into force each trembling nerve and fibre.
- A section or compartment of a larger structure. [from 16th c.]
- (obsolete, chiefly literary) Any small dwelling; a remote nook, a den. [16th-19th c.]
- 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essayes, London: Edward Blount, OCLC 946730821, II.12:
- Thou seest but the order and policie of this little Cell [transl. caveau] wherein thou art placed […].
- 1810, Walter Scott, Lady of the Lake, II:
- Not long shall honour'd Douglas dwell, / Like hunted stag, in mountain-cell […].
- A room in a prison or jail for one or more inmates. [from 18th c.]
- The combatants spent the night in separate cells.
- A device which stores electrical power; used either singly or together in batteries; the basic unit of a battery. [from 19th c.]
- This MP3 player runs on 2 AAA cells.
- (biology) The basic unit of a living organism, consisting of a quantity of protoplasm surrounded by a cell membrane, which is able to synthesize proteins and replicate itself. [from 19th c.]
- 1999, Paul Brown & Dave King, The Guardian, 15 Feb 1999:
- An American company has applied to experiment in Britain on Parkinson's disease sufferers by injecting their brains with cells from pigs.
- 2011, Terence Allen & Graham Cowling, The Cell: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford 2011, p. 3:
- In multicellular organisms, groups of cells form tissues and tissues come together to form organs.
- (meteorology) A small thunderstorm, caused by convection, that forms ahead of a storm front. [from 20th c.]
- There is a powerful storm cell headed our way.
- (computing) The minimal unit of a cellular automaton that can change state and has an associated behavior. [from 20th c.]
- The upper right cell always starts with the color green.
- (card games) In FreeCell-type games, a space where one card can be placed.
- A small group of people forming part of a larger organization, often an outlawed one. [from 20th c.]
- Those three fellows are the local cell of that organization.
- (communication) A short, fixed-length packet as in asynchronous transfer mode. [from 20th c.]
- Virtual Channel number 5 received 170 cells.
- (communication) A region of radio reception that is a part of a larger radio network.
- I get good reception in my home because it is near a cell tower.
- (geometry) A three-dimensional facet of a polytope.
- (statistics) The unit in a statistical array (a spreadsheet, for example) where a row and a column intersect.
- (architecture) The space between the ribs of a vaulted roof.
- (architecture) A cella.
- (entomology) An area of an insect wing bounded by veins
In the sense of an electrical device, "cell" is the technically correct name for a single unit of battery-type power storage, whereas a battery is a device comprising multiple of them, though it is often used for simple cells.
- For usage examples of this term, see Citations:cell.
component of an electrical battery
room in a prison for containing inmates
room in a monastery for sleeping one person
small group of people forming part of a larger organization
small thunderstorm that forms ahead of a storm front
basic unit of a living organism
minimal unit of a cellular automaton that can change state and has an associated behavior
a short, fixed-length packet as in asynchronous transfer mode
region of radio reception that is a part of a larger radio network
geometry: a three-dimensional facet of a polytope
cell (third-person singular simple present cells, present participle celling, simple past and past participle celled)
- (transitive) To place or enclose in a cell.
- Celled under ground.
From cell phone, from cellular phone, from cellular + telephone
cell (plural cells)
- (US, informal) A cellular phone.
- Widely used attributively.
informal: a cellular telephone — See also translations at : mobile phone
Borrowing from Latin cella.
| Feminine ā-stem|
| Initial mutations of a following adjective:
H = triggers aspiration
L = triggers lenition
N = triggers nasalization
| Old Irish mutation|
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
| Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every|
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
- “cell” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
- cell; a room in a prison.
- Cell; a room in a monastery for sleeping one person.
- Cell; a small group of people forming part of a larger organization.
- (biology) Cell; the basic unit of a living organism.
- (biology) Cell; an cavity in a structure such as a honeycomb.
- (computing) Cell; a minimal unit of a cellular automaton.
Borrowing from Latin cella.
cell f (plural celloedd)
- Often used as the second part of a compound word denoting a place, i.e. llyfrgell (library), literally "llyfr" (book) + "cell".