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Webster 1913 Edition


Pes


Pes

(pēz)
,
Noun.
;
pl.
Pedes
.
[L., the foot.]
(Anat.)
The distal segment of the hind limb of vertebrates, including the tarsus and foot.

Definition 2022


pes

pes

See also: PES, PEs, pés, pès, pês, peš, p.es., and pěś

English

Noun

pes (plural pedes)

  1. the foot of a human
  2. the hoof of a quadruped
  3. clubfoot or talipes

Anagrams


Catalan

Etymology

From Old Provençal pes, from Vulgar Latin *pēsum, from Latin pensum.

Noun

pes m (plural pesos)

  1. weight

Related terms


Cornish

Alternative forms

Noun

pes f (singulative pesen)

  1. (Revived Late Cornish) peas

Czech

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

A dog (a Labrador)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɛs/
  • Rhymes: -ɛs

Noun

pes m anim

  1. (mammals) dog
  2. male dog
  3. scoundrel, bad person

Declension

Derived terms

Antonyms


Friulian

Alternative forms

  • peš (alternative orthography)

Etymology

From Latin piscis, piscem.

Noun

pes m (plural pes)

  1. fish

Related terms


Latin

pēs hūmānus (human foot)
pēs equī (foot of a horse)

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-European *pṓds (compare Sanskrit पद् (pád), Ancient Greek πούς (poús) and Old English fōt, English foot).

Pronunciation

Noun

pēs m (genitive pedis); third declension

  1. a foot, of a human or animal
    Ne manus, nec pedes, nec alia membra.
    Not the hands, not the feet, and not the other limbs.
  2. foot of a table or stool
  3. base of a mountain
  4. ground, soil, territory
  5. (nautical) rope attached to a sail for setting it
  6. (botany) the pedicel or stalk of a fruit
  7. (poetry) metrical foot
  8. (music) time
  9. a measure of length

Inflection

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative pēs pedēs
genitive pedis pedum
dative pedī pedibus
accusative pedem pedēs
ablative pede pedibus
vocative pēs pedēs

Hyponyms

  • (metrical foot):
    • trochaeus
    • pes di[s]syllbus: choreus, jambus, spondeus (spondius, spondeos); pes bibrevis
    • pes trisyllabus: amphibrachus = amphibrachys, amphimacrus, dactylus, extensipes, molossus; [pes] anapaestus; pes antanapaestus, pes antibacchius, pes bacchius, pes creticus, pes hippius
    • pes tetrasyllbus: antispastus, chorjambus, dichoreus, dijambus, dispondeus, epitritus, paeon, proceleumaticus = proceleusmaticus
    • pes pentasyllbus: dochmius, mesobrachys, mesomacros, pariambodes, probrachys; pes amoebaeus, pes antamoebaeus, pes orthius

Derived terms

Related terms

Descendants

References

  • pes in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pes in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • PES in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), “pes”, in Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to begin a journey (on foot, on horseback, by land): iter ingredi (pedibus, equo, terra)
    • to go on foot: pedibus ire
    • to trample under foot: pedibus obterere, conculcare
    • to have the gout: ex pedibus laborare, pedibus aegrum esse
    • to vote for some one's motion: discedere (pedibus), ire in alicuius sententiam (Liv. 23. 10)
    • to serve in the cavalry, infantry: equo, pedibus merere (Liv. 27. 11)
    • (ambiguous) a hand-to-hand engagement ensued: tum pes cum pede collatus est (Liv. 28. 2)
    • (ambiguous) to fall at some one's feet: ad pedes alicuius accidere
    • (ambiguous) to throw oneself at some one's feet: ad pedes alicuius se proicere, se abicere, procumbere, se prosternere
    • (ambiguous) to prostrate oneself before a person: ad pedes alicuius iacēre, stratum esse (stratum iacēre)
    • (ambiguous) to fail to see what lies before one: quod ante pedes est or positum est, non videre
    • (ambiguous) to never set foot out of doors: domo pedem non efferre
    • (ambiguous) to cross the threshold: pedem limine efferre
    • (ambiguous) a hand-to-hand engagement ensued: tum pes cum pede collatus est (Liv. 28. 2)
    • (ambiguous) hand to hand: collato pede (Liv. 6. 12)
    • (ambiguous) to retire (without turning one's back on the enemy): pedem referre
  • pes in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pes in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Lojban

Rafsi

pes

  1. rafsi of pensi.

Old French

Etymology

From Latin pax.

Noun

pes f (oblique plural pes, nominative singular pes, nominative plural pes)

  1. Alternative form of pais (peace)

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɛs/

Noun

pes m

  1. (Kajkavian) dog

Synonyms


Slovak

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

Noun

pes m (genitive singular psa)

  1. dog

Declension

Derived terms

Usage notes

Declension pattern dub if you are referring to dogs in general or chlap if you are referring to them as pets (that is you think of them as persons).


Slovene

Velik bel pes - A large white dog

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈpə́s/
  • Tonal orthography: pə̏s

Noun

pès m anim (genitive psà, nominative plural psì, feminine psíca)

  1. dog
    Imamo tri pse.
    We have three dogs.
    Na sprehod grem s svojim psom.
    I'm going on a walk with my dog.

Declension

Synonyms


Tok Pisin

Etymology

From English face.

Noun

pes

  1. (anatomy) face
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Genesis 3:19 (translation here):
      Na bai yu wok hat tru long kisim kaikai bilong yu na tuhat bai i kamap long pes bilong yu. Na bai yu hatwok oltaim inap yu dai na yu go bek long graun. Long wanem, mi bin wokim yu long graun, na bai yu go bek gen long graun.”
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Torres Strait Creole

Etymology 1

From English face.

Noun

pes

  1. face

Etymology 2

Noun

pes

  1. (eastern dialect) a ripe coconut

Usage notes

Pes is the fifth stage of coconut growth. It is preceded by kopespes and followed by u.