Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Pen

Pen

(pĕn)
,
Noun.
[OE.
penne
, OF.
penne
,
pene
, F.
penne
, fr. L.
penna
.]
1.
A feather.
[Obs.]
Spenser.
2.
A wing.
[Obs.]
Milton.
3.
An instrument used for writing with ink, formerly made of a reed, or of the quill of a goose or other bird, but now also of other materials, as of steel, gold, etc. Also, originally, a stylus or other instrument for scratching or graving.
Graven with an iron
pen
and lead in the rock.
Job xix. 24.
4.
Fig.: A writer, or his style;
as, he has a sharp
pen
.
“Those learned pens.”
Fuller.
5.
(Zool.)
The internal shell of a squid.
6.
[Etymol. uncertain.]
(Zool.)
A female swan; – contrasted with
cob
, the male swan.
[Prov. Eng.]
Bow pen
.
See
Bow-pen
.
Dotting pen
,
a pen for drawing dotted lines.
Drawing pen
, or
Ruling pen
,
a pen for ruling lines having a pair of blades between which the ink is contained.
Fountain pen
,
Geometric pen
.
See under
Fountain
, and
Geometric
.
Music pen
,
a pen having five points for drawing the five lines of the staff.
Pen and ink
, or
pen-and-ink
,
executed or done with a pen and ink;
as, a
pen and ink
sketch
.
Pen feather
.
A pin feather.
[Obs.]
Pen name
.
See under
Name
.
Sea pen
(Zool.)
,
a pennatula.
[Usually written
sea-pen
.]

Pen

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Penned
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Penning
.]
To write; to compose and commit to paper; to indite; to compose;
as, to
pen
a sonnet
.
“A prayer elaborately penned.”
Milton.

Pen

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Penned
or
Pent
([GREEK]);
p. pr. & vb. n.
Penning
.]
[OE.
pennen
, AS.
pennan
in
on-pennan
to unfasten, prob. from the same source as
pin
, and orig. meaning, to fasten with a peg.See
Pin
,
Noun.
&
Verb.
]
To shut up, as in a pen or cage; to confine in a small inclosure or narrow space; to coop up, or shut in; to inclose.
“Away with her, and pen her up.”
Shak.
Watching where shepherds
pen
their flocks at eve.
Milton.

Pen

,
Noun.
1.
[From
Pen
to shut in.]
A small inclosure;
as, a
pen
for sheep or for pigs
.
My father stole two geese out of a
pen
.
Shakespeare

Webster 1828 Edition


Pen

PEN

,
Noun.
[L. penna; pinna, a fin, that is, a shoot or point.]
1.
An instrument used for writing, usually made of the quill of some large fowl, but it may be of any other material.
2.
A feather, a wing. [Not used.]

PEN

,
Verb.
T.
pret. and pp. penned. To write; to compose and commit to paper.

PEN

,
Noun.
A small inclosure for beasts, as for cows or sheep.

PEN

,
Verb.
T.
pret. and pp. penned or pent. To shut in a pen; to confine in a small inclosure; to coop; to confine in a narrow place, usually followed by up, which is redundant.

Definition 2022


pen

pen

See also: Appendix:Variations of "pen"

English

Noun

pen (plural pens)

  1. An enclosed area used to contain domesticated animals, especially sheep or cattle.
    There are two steers in the third pen.
  2. A place to confine a person; a prison cell, though likelier an abbreviation of penitentiary.
    They caught him with a stolen horse, and he wound up in the pen again.
  3. (baseball) The bullpen.
    Two righties are up in the pen.
Translations

Verb

pen (third-person singular simple present pens, present participle penning, simple past and past participle penned or pent)

  1. (transitive) To enclose in a pen.
    • Milton
      Watching where shepherds pen their flocks at eve.
Translations

Etymology 2

A ballpoint pen, showing assembly.

From Anglo-Norman penne, from Old French penne, from Latin penna (feather), from Proto-Indo-European *petna-, from *pet- (to rush, fly) (from which petition). Proto-Indo-European base also root of *petra-, from which πτερόν (pterón, wing) (whence pterodactyl), Sanskrit पत्रम् (patram, wing, feather), Old Church Slavonic перо (pero, pen), Old Norse fjǫðr, Old English feðer (Modern English feather);[1] note the /p/ → /f/ Germanic sound change.

See feather and πέτομαι (pétomai) for more.

Noun

pen (plural pens)

  1. A tool, originally made from a feather but now usually a small tubular instrument, containing ink used to write or make marks.
    He took notes with a pen.
  2. (figuratively) A writer, or his style.
    He has a sharp pen.
    • Fuller
      those learned pens
  3. (colloquial) Marks of ink left by a pen.
    He's unhappy because he got pen on his new shirt.
  4. A light pen.
  5. (zoology) The internal cartilage skeleton of a squid, shaped like a pen.
  6. (now rare, poetic, dialectal) A feather, especially one of the flight feathers of a bird, angel etc.
    • 1590, Edmund Spendser, The Faerie Queene, I.xi:
      And eke the pennes, that did his pineons bynd, / Were like mayne-yards, with flying canuas lynd, / With which whenas him list the ayre to beat []
  7. (poetic) A wing.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?)
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

pen (third-person singular simple present pens, present participle penning, simple past and past participle penned)

  1. (transitive) To write (an article, a book, etc.).
Translations

Etymology 3

Origin uncertain.

Noun

pen (plural pens)

  1. A female swan.
Translations

Etymology 4

Shortened form of penalty

Noun

pen (plural pens)

  1. penalty

References

  1. 1 2 pen” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

Anagrams


Danish

Etymology

From late Old Norse penni, from Latin penna (feather).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɛnˀ/, [pʰɛnˀ]

Noun

pen c (singular definite pennen, plural indefinite penne)

  1. pen
  2. quill
  3. pane, peen

Inflection


Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɛn
  • IPA(key): /pɛn/

Noun

pen f (plural pennen, diminutive pennetje n)

  1. a pen (writing utensil)
  2. a pin

Derived terms

Anagrams


Japanese

Romanization

pen

  1. rōmaji reading of ペン

Lojban

Rafsi

pen

  1. rafsi of penmi.

Mandarin

Romanization

pen

  1. Nonstandard spelling of pēn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of pén.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of pěn.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of pèn.

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Mapudungun

Verb

pen (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. to see

Synonyms


Mindiri

Noun

pen

  1. woman

References

  • Malcolm Ross, Proto Oceanic and the Austronesian Languages of Western Melanesia (1988)

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

Possibly from French

Adjective

pen (neuter singular pent, definite singular and plural pene, comparative penere, indefinite superlative penest, definite superlative peneste)

  1. nice
  2. neat
  3. beautiful, pretty
  4. handsome, good-looking

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

Possibly from French

Adjective

pen (neuter singular pent, definite singular and plural pene, comparative penare, indefinite superlative penast, definite superlative penaste)

  1. nice
  2. neat
  3. beautiful, pretty
  4. handsome, good-looking

References


Rade

Etymology

From French pince.

Noun

pen

  1. pincers

Tok Pisin

Etymology 1

From English paint.

Noun

pen

  1. paint

Etymology 2

From English pen.

Noun

pen

  1. pen

Etymology 3

From English pain.

Noun

pen

  1. pain
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Genesis 3:16 (translation here):
      Na God i tokim meri olsem, “Bai mi givim yu bikpela hevi long taim yu gat bel. Na bai yu gat bikpela pen long taim yu karim pikinini. Tasol bai yu gat bikpela laik yet long man bilong yu, na bai em i bosim yu.”
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Volapük

Noun

pen (plural pens)

  1. pen

Declension


Welsh

Etymology

From Middle Welsh penn, from Proto-Brythonic *penn, from Proto-Celtic *kʷennom.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɛn/

Noun

pen m (plural pennau)

  1. head
  2. chief
  3. top, apex
  4. end, extremity

Related terms

  • penglog (skull, cranium)

Adjective

pen (equative penned, comparative pennach, superlative pennaf)

  1. head
  2. chief
  3. supreme, principal

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
pen ben mhen phen
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References