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Webster 1913 Edition


Lung

Lung

(lŭng)
,
Noun.
[OE.
lunge
, AS.
lunge
, pl.
lungen
; akin to D.
long
, G.
lunge
, Icel. & Sw.
lunga
, Dan.
lunge
, all prob. from the root of E.
light
. √125. See
Light
not heavy.]
(Anat.)
An organ for aërial respiration; – commonly in the plural.
☞ In all air-breathing vertebrates the lungs are developed from the ventral wall of the esophagus as a pouch which divides into two sacs. In amphibians and many reptiles the lungs retain very nearly this primitive saclike character, but in the higher forms the connection with the esophagus becomes elongated into the windpipe and the inner walls of the sacs become more and more divided, until, in the mammals, the air spaces become minutely divided into tubes ending in small air cells, in the walls of which the blood circulates in a fine network of capillaries. In mammals the lungs are more or less divided into lobes, and each lung occupies a separate cavity in the thorax. See
Respiration
.
Lung fever
(Med.)
,
pneumonia.
Lung flower
(Bot.)
,
a species of gentian (
Gentian Pneumonanthe
).
Lung lichen
(Bot.)
,
tree lungwort. See under
Lungwort
.
Lung sac
(Zool.)
,
one of the breathing organs of spiders and snails.

Webster 1828 Edition


Lung

LUNG

, n.
1.
The lungs are the organs of respiration in man and many other animals. There are two of these organs, each of which occupies its cavity in the thorax. They alternately inhale and expel the air, by means of which the necessary function of respiration is carried on.
Each lung fills completely the cavity in which it is placed.
2.
Formerly, a person having a strong voice, and a sort of servant.

Definition 2021


lung

lung

See also: lừng and lưng

English

Noun

lung (plural lungs)

  1. (anatomy) A biological organ that extracts oxygen from the air.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 7, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      I made a speaking trumpet of my hands and commenced to whoop “Ahoy!” and “Hello!” at the top of my lungs. […] The Colonel woke up, and, after asking what in brimstone was the matter, opened his mouth and roared “Hi!” and “Hello!” like the bull of Bashan.

Synonyms

  • (organ): (in the plural) bellows (informal or archaic), (in the plural) lights (of an animal, used as food)

Derived terms

Translations


Old French

Adjective

lung m (oblique and nominative feminine singular lunge)

  1. (Anglo-Norman) Alternative form of long

Declension

Derived terms


Romanian

Etymology

From the Latin longus (long, adjective), from Proto-Indo-European *dl̥h₁gʰós (long).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /luŋg/

Adjective

lung m, n (plural lungi, feminine singular lungă)

  1. long
    Asta e o stradă foarte lungă!
    This is a really long street!

Declension

Antonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

See also


Romansch

Etymology

From Latin longus.

Adjective

lung m (feminine singular lunga, masculine plural lungs, feminine plural lungas)

  1. long