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Webster 1913 Edition


Than

Than

(thăn)
,
c
onj.
[OE.
than
,
thon
,
then
,
thanne
,
thonne
,
thenne
, than, then, AS.
ðanne
,
ðonne
,
ðaenne
; akin to D.
dan
, OHG.
danne
, G.
dann
then,
denn
than, for, Goth.
þan
then, and to E.
the
,
there
,
that
. See
That
, and cf.
Then
.]
A particle expressing comparison, used after certain adjectives and adverbs which express comparison or diversity, as more, better, other, otherwise, and the like. It is usually followed by the object compared in the nominative case. Sometimes, however, the object compared is placed in the objective case, and than is then considered by some grammarians as a preposition. Sometimes the object is expressed in a sentence, usually introduced by that;
as, I would rather suffer
than
that you should want
.
Behold, a greater
than
Solomon is here.
Matt. xii. 42.
Which when Beelzebub perceived,
than
whom,
Satan except, none higher sat.
Milton.
It’s wiser being good
than
bad;
It's safer being meek
than
fierce;
It's fitter being sane
than
mad.
R. Browning.

Than

,
adv.
Then. See
Then
.
[Obs.]
Gower.
Thanne
longen folk to gon on pilgrimages.
Chaucer.

Webster 1828 Edition


Than

THAN

,
adv.
This word is placed after some comparative adjective or adverb, to express comparison between what precedes and what follows. Thus Elijah said, I am not better than my fathers. Wisdom is better than strength. Israel loved Joseph more than all his children. All nations are counted less than nothing. I who am less than the least of all saints. The last error shall be worse than the first. He that denies the faith is worse than an infidel.
After more, or an equivalent termination, the following word implies less, or worse; after less, or an equivalent termination, it implies more or better.

Definition 2022


than

than

See also: thân, thần, Thân, thận, and þan

English

Conjunction

than

  1. (obsolete outside dialects, usually used with for) Because; for.
    • 1854, Reformation series:
      If thou say yes, then puttest thou on Christ (that is, the wisdome of God, the Father) unkunning, unpower, or euil will: for than he could not make his rule so good as an other did his.
    • 1668, William Lawson, A way to get wealth:
      You shall also take the fine earth or mould which is found in the hollow of old Willow trees, rising from the root almost to the middle of the Tree, at least so far as the tree is hollow, for than this, there is no earth or mould finer or richer.
    • 1665, Stillingfleet, Laud, Carwell, A rational account of the grounds of Protestant religion:
      Answer me if you can, any other way, than because the Scriptures, which are infallible, Say so.
  2. Used in comparisons, to introduce the basis of comparison.
    • 2013 July 20, Old soldiers?”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:
      Whether modern, industrial man is less or more warlike than his hunter-gatherer ancestors is impossible to determine. The machine gun is so much more lethal than the bow and arrow that comparisons are meaningless.
    she's taller than I am;  she found his advice more witty than helpful;  we have less work today than we had yesterday;  it's bigger than I thought it was

Preposition

than

  1. introduces a comparison, and is associated with comparatives, and with words such as more, less, and fewer. Typically, it seeks to measure the force of an adjective or similar description between two predicates.
    Patients diagnosed more recently are probably surviving an average of longer than two years.

Usage notes

Usage prescriptionists have a number of rules concerning than. In formal grammar, than is not a preposition to govern the oblique case (although it has been used as such by writers such as William Shakespeare, whose 1600 play Julius Caesar contains the line A man no mightier than thyself or me. . ., and Samuel Johnson, who wrote No man had ever more discernment than him, in finding out the ridiculous.). Than functions as both conjunction and preposition; when it is used as a conjunction, it governs the nominative case, and when a preposition, the oblique case. To determine the case of a pronoun following "than", a writer can look to implied words and determine how they would relate to the pronoun.

Examples :

  • You are a better swimmer than she.
    • represents You are a better swimmer than she is.
    • therefore You are a better swimmer than her is a solecism.
  • They like you more than her.
    • represents They like you more than they like her.
    • therefore They like you more than she is a solecism, if it attempts to represent the previous sentence. It may be correct, however, if it represents They like you more than she likes you.

Some prescriptionists insist that whom must follow than (not who); although according to the above rule, who would be the "correct" form. Critics of this often cite this mandatory exception as evidence that the prescriptionist rule is logically erroneous, in addition to it being inconsistent with well-established usage.

Translations

Adverb

than (not comparable)

  1. (now chiefly dialectal) At that time; then.

Statistics

Most common English words before 1923: has · could · our · #64: than · some · other · very

Anagrams


Cornish

Noun

than

  1. Aspirate mutation of tan.

Middle English

Adverb

than

  1. then
    • 14th Century, Chaucer, General Prologue
      And whan that he wel dronken hadde the wyn,
      Than wolde he speke no word but Latyn.
      And when he had drunk all the wine
      He would not speak a word other than Latin

Vietnamese

Etymology

Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese (“coal; SV: thán)

Pronunciation

Noun

than (, )

  1. coal

Synonyms


Welsh

Preposition

than

  1. Aspirate mutation of tan.

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
tan dan nhan than
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.