Webster 1913 Edition
imp. & p. p.
p. pr. & vb. n.
scyttanto shut or lock up (akin to D.
schützento protect), properly, to fasten with a bolt or bar
shotacross, fr. AS.
sceótanto shoot. √159. See
To close so as to hinder ingress or egress;
shuta door or a gate; to
shutone’s eyes or mouth.
To forbid entrance into; to prohibit; to bar;
shutthe ports of a country by a blockade
Shall that be
shutto man which to the beast
To preclude; to exclude; to bar out.“Shut from every shore.”
To fold together; to close over, as the fingers; to close by bringing the parts together;
shutthe hand; to
To shut in.
To inclose; to confine. “The Lord shut him in.”
Cen. vii. 16.
To cover or intercept the view of; as, one point shuts in another.–
To shut off.
To prevent the passage of, as steam through a pipe, or water through a flume, by closing a cock, valve, or gate.–
To shut out,
to preclude from entering; to deny admission to; to exclude;–
to shut outrain by a tight roof
To shut together,
to unite; to close, especially to close by welding.–
To shut up.
To close; to make fast the entrances into;
to shut upa house
To obstruct. “Dangerous rocks shut up the passage.”
Sir W. Raleigh.
To inclose; to confine; to imprison; to fasten in;
to shut upa prisoner
Before faith came, we were kept under the law,
shut upunto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.
Gal. iii. 23.
To end; to terminate; to conclude.
When the scene of life is
shut up, the slave will be above his master if he has acted better.
To unite, as two pieces of metal by welding.
To cause to become silent by authority, argument, or force.
To close itself; to become closed;
as, the door
To shut up,
to cease speaking.
Closed or fastened;
Rid; clear; free;
as, to get.
shutof a person
[Now dialectical or local, Eng. & U.S.]
Formed by complete closure of the mouth passage, and with the nose passage remaining closed; stopped, as are the mute consonants, p, t, k, b, d, and hard g.
Cut off sharply and abruptly by a following consonant in the same syllable, as the English short vowels, ă, ĕ, ĭ, ŏ, ŭ, always are.
The act or time of shutting; close;
shutof a door
Just then returned at
shutof evening flowers.
A door or cover; a shutter.
Sir I. Newton.
The line or place where two pieces of metal are united by welding.
the imperfection in a casting caused by the flowing of liquid metal upon partially chilled metal; also, the imperfect weld in a forging caused by the inadequate heat of one surface under working.
Webster 1828 Edition
1. To close so as to hinder ingress or egress; as, to shut a door or gate; to shut the eyes or the mouth.
2. To prohibit; to bar; to forbid entrance into; as, to shut the ports of the kingdom by a blockade.
Shall that be shut to man, which to the beast
Is open? Milton.
3. To preclude; to exclude.
But shut from every shore. Dryden.
4. To close, as the fingers; to contract; as, to shut the hand.
shut (third-person singular simple present shuts, present participle shutting, simple past and past participle shut)
- (transitive) To close, to stop from being open.
- Please shut the door.
- The light was so bright I had to shut my eyes.
- (intransitive) To close, to stop being open.
- If you wait too long, the automatic door will shut.
- (transitive or intransitive, chiefly Britain) To close a business temporarily, or (of a business) to be closed.
- The pharmacy is shut on Sunday.
- To preclude; to exclude; to bar out.
- shut from every shore
Except when part of one of the derived terms listed below, almost every use of shut can be replaced by close. The reverse is not true -- there are many uses of close that cannot be replaced by shut.
single words and compounds derived from shut
idioms derived from shut
shut (not comparable)
shut (plural shuts)
- The act or time of shutting; close.
- the shut of a door
- Just then returned at shut of evening flowers.
- A door or cover; a shutter.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir Isaac Newton to this entry?)
- The line or place where two pieces of metal are welded together.
Variation of chute or shute (archaic, related to shoot) from Old English scēotan.
- IPA(key): /ʃʌt/
- Rhymes: -ʌt
shut (plural shuts)
- (Britain, Shropshire dialect) A narrow alley or passage acting as a short cut through the buildings between two streets.
- (alleyway): alley, gennel (Northern Ireland), ginnel (Yorkshire and Lancashire), gitty (East Midlands), jitty (Midlands), passage, snicket (Northern England), wynd (Scotland)