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Webster 1913 Edition


Bile

Bile

,
Noun.
[L.
bilis
: cf. F.
bile
.]
1.
(Physiol.)
A yellow, or greenish, viscid fluid, usually alkaline in reaction, secreted by the liver. It passes into the intestines, where it aids in the digestive process. Its characteristic constituents are the bile salts, and coloring matters.
2.
Bitterness of feeling; choler; anger; ill humor;
as, to stir one’s
bile
.
Prescott.
☞ The ancients considered the bile to be the “humor” which caused irascibility.

Bile

,
Noun.
[OE.
byle
,
bule
,
bele
, AS.
b[GREEK]le
,
b[GREEK]l
; skin to D.
buil
, G.
beule
, and Goth.
ufbauljan
to puff up. Cf.
Boil
a tumor,
Bulge
.]
A boil.
[Obs. or Archaic]

Webster 1828 Edition


Bile

BILE

,
Noun.
[L. bilis.] A yellow bitter liquor, separated from the blood in the liver, collected in the pori biliarii and gall bladder, and thence discharged by the common duct into the duodenum.

BILE

,
Noun.
An inflamed tumor. [See Boil, the correct orthography.]

Definition 2021


bile

bile

See also: bilé

English

Noun

bile (usually uncountable, plural biles)

  1. (biochemistry) A bitter brownish-yellow or greenish-yellow secretion produced by the liver, stored in the gall bladder, and discharged into the duodenum where it aids the process of digestion.
  2. bitterness of temper; ill humour; irascibility.
  3. Two of the four humours, black bile or yellow bile, in ancient and medieval physiology.
    • 1890, Walter Scott, The Journal of Sir Walter Scott:
      I shall tire of my Journal if it is to contain nothing but biles and plasters and unguents.
    • 1616, Alexander Roberts, A Treatise of Witchcraft:
      He spake out of the Pythonesse, Act. 16. 17. brought downe fire from heauen, and consumed Iobs sheepe 7000. and his seruants, raised a storme, strooke the house wherein his sonnes and daughters feasted with their elder brother, smote the foure corners of it, with the ruine whereof they all were destroyed, and perished: and ouerspread the body of that holy Saint their father with botches[t] and biles from the sole of his foot to the crowne of his head.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

Akin to Dutch buil and German Beule.

Noun

bile (plural biles)

  1. (obsolete) A boil (kind of swelling).

Verb

bile (third-person singular simple present biles, present participle biling, simple past and past participle biled)

  1. Eye dialect spelling of boil.
    • 1912, Stella George Stern Perry, Melindy (page 130)
      We pretty near biled ourselves and Miss Euly done got her bes' pink apron stained, an' I dropped Sis Suky's big kitchen spoon in de hogshead of sand []


Albanian

Etymology

From Proto-Albanian *bālnai, from Proto-Indo-European *bhḷəno, from *bʰel- (to blow, swell), related to bolle. Compare Ancient Greek φαλλός (phallós, ****), Latin follis (bellows), Old Irish ball (member, body part) and Modern High German Bille (****)

Noun

bile f

  1. ****
Related terms

French

Pronunciation

Noun

bile f (uncountable)

  1. bile

Irish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbʲɪlʲə/

Etymology 1

From Old Irish bile, from Proto-Celtic *belyos (tree), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰolyo- (leaf).

Noun

bile m (genitive singular bile, nominative plural bilí)

  1. tree, especially a large, ancient, sacred one
  2. scion; distinguished person
Derived terms
  • bile buí (corn marigold)
  • bile measa (arbitrator)
  • biliúil (tree-like, stately, adjective)

Etymology 2

Noun

bile m (genitive singular bile, nominative plural bilí)

  1. rim

Declension

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bile bhile mbile
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

  • "bile" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 bile” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbile/

Etymology

From Latin bīlis (bile).

Noun

bile f (plural bili)

  1. (physiology) bile

Derived terms

See also

Anagrams


Latin

Noun

bīle

  1. ablative singular of bīlis

Old Irish

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *belyos (tree), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰolyo- (leaf). Cognate with Latin folium, Ancient Greek φύλλον (phúllon), and Old Armenian բողբոջ (bołboǰ).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbʲilʲe/

Noun

bile m (genitive bili, nominative plural bili)

  1. tree, especially a large, ancient, sacred one

Declension

Masculine io-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative bile bileL biliL
Vocative bili bileL biliu
Accusative bileN bileL biliu
Genitive biliL bile bileN
Dative biliuL bilib bilib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms

  • bilech, biledach

Descendants

Mutation

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bile bile
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbile
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

  • 1 bile” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Portuguese

Noun

bile f (uncountable)

  1. gall; bile

Synonyms


Scottish Gaelic

Etymology 1

Noun

bile f (genitive singular bile, plural bilean)

  1. lip (of mouth)
  2. rim (of container)
  3. brim (of hat)

Etymology 2

Borrowing from English bill.

Noun

bile m (genitive singular bile, plural bilean)

  1. bill (for law)

Serbo-Croatian

Alternative forms

Etymology

Borrowing from Ottoman Turkish [Term?] (Turkish bile).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bǐle/
  • Hyphenation: bi‧le

Adverb

bìle (Cyrillic spelling бѝле)

  1. (regional) moreover, even
    bile je i on došao čak i on — even he came

Turkish

Etymology

From Ottoman Turkish [Term?], from Old Turkic birle, from Proto-Turkic *bile (with, together, also).

Conjunction

bile

  1. neither, even

West Frisian

Noun

bile ? (plural bilen)

  1. axe