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Definition 2022


-k

-k

English

Suffix

-k

  1. (obsolete, no longer productive) A suffix found in words of Middle English, Old English , usually with an intensive or frequentative effect.
    tale, talk; steal, stalk; smile, smirk; mire, mirk; lour, lurk; hear, hark; fare, firk; yare, yark

Abenaki

Suffix

-k

  1. A suffix used to form the plurals of some animate words.
    tmakwa (beaver)tmakwak (beavers)

Usage notes

  • Used to form the plurals of almost all words that end in a, and of some words that end in other vowels or in the semivowel w; not used to form the plurals of words ending in consonants.
  • See the usage notes at -ak.

Chuukese

Suffix

-k

  1. (added to verbs) you (singular, indirect object suffix)

Estonian

Etymology 1

Cognate with Finnish -kko.

Suffix

-k (genitive -ku, partitive -kut)

  1. Derives nouns from verbs, or sometimes from other nominals. The derivations can express the following:
    1. a single instance of an action
      minema (to go)minek (a going)
      ründama (to attack)rünnak (an attack)
    2. the object of an action
      õppima (to study)õpik (textbook)
Declension
Derived terms
<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Estonian_words_suffixed_with_-k'>Estonian words suffixed with -k</a>

Etymology 2

Cognate with Finnish -kki.

Suffix

-k (genitive -ki, partitive -kit)

  1. Derives nouns from verbs denoting an instrument of action.
    sõitma (to drive)sõiduk (vehicle)
    hõljuma (to hover)hõljuk (hovercraft)
    tõstma (to raise)tõstuk (lift)
Declension
Derived terms
<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Estonian_words_suffixed_with_-k'>Estonian words suffixed with -k</a>

Etymology 3

May be the same as etymology 2.

Suffix

-k (genitive -gi, partitive -ki)

  1. Derives nouns from verbs, or sometimes from other nominals. The derivations can express the following:
    1. the result of an action
      jääma (to remain)jääk (residue, remainder)
      saama (to receive)saak (yield)
    2. the object of an action
      sööma (to eat)söök (food)
      jooma (to drink)jook (drink, beverage)

Hungarian

Suffix

-k

  1. (plural suffix) -s, -es
    hajó (ship)hajók (ships)
    alma (apple)almák (apples)
    mese (fairy tale)mesék (fairy tales)
  2. (personal suffix) Denotes the first-person singular present tense in verb suffixes for all moods (indicative, conditional and subjunctive).
    ír (to write)
    írok (I write, I am writing)
    írnék (I would write)
    írjak (I should write)
  3. Pre-historic diminutive suffix.
    lélek (soul)
    fészek (nest)

Usage notes

  • (plural suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -k is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    (woman) →‎ k (women)
    fa (tree) →‎ k (trees)
    csésze (cup) →‎ csészék (cups)
    -ak is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    ház (house) →‎ házak (houses)
    -ok is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    pad (bench) →‎ padok (benches)
    -ek is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    kert (garden) →‎ kertek (gardens)
    -ök is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    circle →‎ körök (circles)

See also

  • Category:Hungarian noun forms
  • Appendix:Hungarian suffixes

Lower Sorbian

Suffix

-k

  1. used on masculine nouns to form a diminutive

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Lower_Sorbian_words_suffixed_with_-k'>Lower Sorbian words suffixed with -k</a>

Maltese

Etymology

From both Arabic ـَكَ (-aka) and ـِكِ (-iki)

Alternative forms

Pronoun

-k m, f

  1. you (object pronoun, second person singular)

Related terms


Veps

Particle

-k

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), а, ли”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika