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Definition 2023


-ka

-ka

See also: ka- and Appendix:Variations of "ka"

Curripaco

Suffix

-ka

  1. progressive tense marker
    nuiraka : I am drinking

Reference

  • Swintha Danielsen, Tania Granadillo, Agreement in two Arawak languages, in The Typology of Semantic Alignment (edited by Mark Donohue, Søren Wichmann) (2008, ISBN 0199238383), page 398

Czech

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix

-ka

  1. Appended to words to create a feminine version of a noun, especially a profession, origin, or proper name.
  2. Appended to words to create a diminutive form of a noun.

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Czech_words_suffixed_with_-ka'>Czech words suffixed with -ka</a>

Hungarian

Etymology

From Proto-Finno-Ugric, compare to Finnish -kka.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [kɒ]

Suffix

-ka

  1. (diminutive suffix) Added to a word to express smallness, youth, unimportance, or endearment. When added to present participles, it can also express the instrument or place of the action indicated in the base word.
    cukor (sugar)cukorka (candy)
    asztal (table)asztalka (small table)
    jár (to walk)járó (walking)járóka (playpen)

Usage notes

  • (diminutive suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -ka is added to back vowel words
    -ke is added to front vowel words

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Hungarian_nouns_suffixed_with_-ka'>Hungarian nouns suffixed with -ka</a>

See also

  • -cska
  • Appendix:Hungarian suffixes

Japanese

Romanization

-ka

  1. rōmaji reading of

Lower Sorbian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix

-ka

  1. added to masculine nouns to form a feminine
  2. added to feminine nouns to form a diminutive

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Lower_Sorbian_words_suffixed_with_-ka'>Lower Sorbian words suffixed with -ka</a>

Polish

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix

-ka f

  1. feminine noun suffix
  2. diminutive noun suffix

Declension

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Polish_words_suffixed_with_-ka'>Polish words suffixed with -ka</a>

Suffix

-ka n, n pl

  1. genitive singular of -ko
  2. nominative plural of -ko
  3. vocative plural of -ko

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix

-ka (Cyrillic spelling -ка)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a feminine noun, denoting a part, profession, feature, membership, origin, social status, complexion, proper name, abstract noun or animal's name.

See also


Slovak

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix

-ka

  1. Denotes that the word is a feminine version of the word it is appended to.
    Talian (m, an Italian man) + -ka = Talianka (f, an Italian woman)
  2. Sometimes denotes a word as a diminutive
    mucha (f, a fly) + -ka = muška (f, a small fly)

Declension

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Slovak_words_suffixed_with_-ka'>Slovak words suffixed with -ka</a>

Somali

Suffix

-ka

  1. the

Upper Sorbian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix

-ka

  1. added to masculine nouns to form a feminine
  2. added to feminine nouns to form a diminutive

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Upper_Sorbian_words_suffixed_with_-ka'>Upper Sorbian words suffixed with -ka</a>