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Webster 1913 Edition


Infinitive

In-fin′i-tive

,
Noun.
[L.
infinitivus
: cf. F.
infinitif
. See
Infinite
.]
Unlimited; not bounded or restricted; undefined.
Infinitive mood
(Gram.)
,
that form of the verb which merely names the action, and performs the office of a verbal noun. Some grammarians make two forms in English: (
a
) The simple form, as, speak, go, hear, before which to is commonly placed, as, to speak; to go; to hear. (
b
) The form of the imperfect participle, called the infinitive in -ing; as, going is as easy as standing.
With the auxiliary verbs may, can, must, might, could, would, and should, the simple infinitive is expressed without to; as, you may speak; they must hear, etc. The infinitive usually omits to with the verbs let, dare, do, bid, make, see, hear, need, etc.; as, let me go; you dare not tell; make him work; hear him talk, etc.
☞ In Anglo-Saxon, the simple infinitive was not preceded by to (the sign of modern simple infinitive), but it had a dative form (sometimes called the gerundial infinitive) which was preceded by to, and was chiefly employed in expressing purpose. See
Gerund
, 2.
The gerundial ending (-anne) not only took the same form as the simple infinitive (-an), but it was confounded with the present participle in -ende, or -inde (later -inge).

In-fin′i-tive

,
Noun.
(Gram.)
An infinitive form of the verb; a verb in the infinitive mood; the infinitive mood.

In-fin′i-tive

,
adv.
(Gram.)
In the manner of an infinitive mood.

Webster 1828 Edition


Infinitive

INFIN'ITIVE

,
Adj.
[L. infinitivus.]
In grammar, the infinitive mode expresses the action of the verb, without limitation of person or number; as, to love.

Definition 2021


Infinitive

infinitive

English

Noun

infinitive (plural infinitives)

  1. (grammar) the infinitive mood or mode (a grammatical mood)
    • 1847, J. J. P. Le Brethon and L. Sandier, Guide to the French language; especially devised for persons who wish to study that language without the assistance of a teacher. the tenth edition, revised and corrected, London, p. 69:
      The MANNERS of acting, in grammar called modes or moods, are four; Infinitive, Imperative, Indicative, Subjunctive or Conjunctive.
    • s.a., Henry Tindall, A grammar and vocabulary of the Namaqua-Hottentot language, p. 38:
      There are four moods, the Infinitive, Imperative, Indicative, and Subjunctive. [...] the Infinitive is used to express a thing in a general manner.
  2. (grammar) A non-finite verb form considered neutral with respect to inflection; depending on language variously found used with auxiliary verbs, in subordinate clauses, or acting as a gerund, and often as the dictionary form.
  3. (grammar) A verbal noun formed from the infinitive of a verb.

Hypernyms

Translations

See also

Adjective

infinitive (not comparable)

  1. (grammar) Formed with the infinitive.
    • 1847, J. J. P. Le Brethon and L. Sandier, Guide to the French language; especially devised for persons who wish to study that language without the assistance of a teacher. the tenth edition, revised and corrected, London, p. 70
      INFINITIVE MOOD or MANNER.
      To Have,   Avoir.
    • 1858, C. P. Mason, English grammar; including the principles of grammatical analysis, London, p. 32:
      In English there are four moods:–1. The Infinitive Mood. 2. The Indicative Mood. 3. the Imperative Mood. 4. The Subjunctive Mood.
  2. Unlimited; not bounded or restricted; undefined.
    • Cunningham's Sermons (quoted in 1823, The Edinburgh Christian Instructor, volume 23, page 328)
      [] to search out in some higher region of infinitive space a spot where it was impossible for defilement to follow them []

French

Adjective

infinitive

  1. feminine singular of infinitif

Noun

infinitive f (plural infinitives)

  1. infinitive clause, same as proposition infinitive

Italian

Adjective

infinitive f

  1. feminine plural of infinitivo

Latin

Noun

īnfīnītīve

  1. vocative singular of īnfīnītīvus

infinitive

infinitive

English

Noun

infinitive (plural infinitives)

  1. (grammar) the infinitive mood or mode (a grammatical mood)
    • 1847, J. J. P. Le Brethon and L. Sandier, Guide to the French language; especially devised for persons who wish to study that language without the assistance of a teacher. the tenth edition, revised and corrected, London, p. 69:
      The MANNERS of acting, in grammar called modes or moods, are four; Infinitive, Imperative, Indicative, Subjunctive or Conjunctive.
    • s.a., Henry Tindall, A grammar and vocabulary of the Namaqua-Hottentot language, p. 38:
      There are four moods, the Infinitive, Imperative, Indicative, and Subjunctive. [...] the Infinitive is used to express a thing in a general manner.
  2. (grammar) A non-finite verb form considered neutral with respect to inflection; depending on language variously found used with auxiliary verbs, in subordinate clauses, or acting as a gerund, and often as the dictionary form.
  3. (grammar) A verbal noun formed from the infinitive of a verb.

Hypernyms

Translations

See also

Adjective

infinitive (not comparable)

  1. (grammar) Formed with the infinitive.
    • 1847, J. J. P. Le Brethon and L. Sandier, Guide to the French language; especially devised for persons who wish to study that language without the assistance of a teacher. the tenth edition, revised and corrected, London, p. 70
      INFINITIVE MOOD or MANNER.
      To Have,   Avoir.
    • 1858, C. P. Mason, English grammar; including the principles of grammatical analysis, London, p. 32:
      In English there are four moods:–1. The Infinitive Mood. 2. The Indicative Mood. 3. the Imperative Mood. 4. The Subjunctive Mood.
  2. Unlimited; not bounded or restricted; undefined.
    • Cunningham's Sermons (quoted in 1823, The Edinburgh Christian Instructor, volume 23, page 328)
      [] to search out in some higher region of infinitive space a spot where it was impossible for defilement to follow them []

French

Adjective

infinitive

  1. feminine singular of infinitif

Noun

infinitive f (plural infinitives)

  1. infinitive clause, same as proposition infinitive

Italian

Adjective

infinitive f

  1. feminine plural of infinitivo

Latin

Noun

īnfīnītīve

  1. vocative singular of īnfīnītīvus