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Webster 1913 Edition


Switch

Switch

,
Noun.
[Cf. OD.
swick
a scourage, a whip. Cf.
Swink
,
Swing
.]
1.
A small, flexible twig or rod.
Mauritania, on the fifth medal, leads a horse with something like a thread; in her other hand she holds a
switch
.
Addison.
2.
(Railways)
A movable part of a rail; or of opposite rails, for transferring cars from one track to another.
3.
A separate mass or trees of hair, or of some substance (at jute) made to resemble hair, worn on the head by women.
Safety switch
(Railways)
,
a form of switch contrived to prevent or lessen the danger of derailment of trains.
Switch back
(Railways)
,
an arrangement of tracks whereby elevations otherwise insurmountable are passed. The track ascends by a series of zigzags, the engine running alternately forward and back, until the summit is reached.
Switch board
(Elec.)
,
a collection of switches in one piece of apparatus, so arranged that a number of circuits may be connected or combined in any desired manner.
Switch grass
.
(Bot.)
See under
Grass
.

Switch

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Switched
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Switching
.]
1.
To strike with a switch or small flexible rod; to whip.
Chapman.
2.
To swing or whisk;
as, to
switch
a cane
.
3.
To trim,
as, a hedge
.
[Prov. Eng.]
Halliwell.
4.
To turn from one railway track to another; to transfer by a switch; – generally with off, from, etc.;
as, to
switch
off a train; to
switch
a car from one track to another
.
5.
(Eccl.)
To shift to another circuit.

Switch

,
Verb.
I.
To walk with a jerk.
[Prov. Eng.]

Webster 1828 Edition


Switch

SWITCH

,
Noun.
A small flexible twig or rod.
On the medal, Mauritania leads a horse by a thread with one hand, and in the other holds a switch.

SWITCH

,
Verb.
T.
To strike with a small twig or rod; to beat; to lash.

SWITCH

,
Verb.
I.
To walk with a jerk.

Definition 2022


switch

switch

English

Noun

A light switch.

switch (plural switches)

  1. A device to turn electric current on and off or direct its flow.
  2. A change.
    • 2011 January 19, Jonathan Stevenson, “Leeds 1 - 3 Arsenal”, in BBC:
      Wenger sent on Cesc Fabregas and Van Persie to try to finish Leeds off and with 14 minutes left the switch paid off as the Spaniard sent Bendtner away down the right and his wonderful curling cross was headed in by Van Persie at the far post.
  3. (rail transport, US) A movable section of railroad track which allows the train to be directed down one of two destination tracks; point.
  4. A slender woody plant stem used as a whip; a thin, flexible rod, associated with corporal punishment in the United States.
    • 2007, Jeffrey W. Hamilton, Raising Godly Children in a Wicked World, Lulu.com, page 15:
      "A proper switch is a slim, flexible branch off a tree or a bush. A switch applied to the buttocks stings fiercely. It may leave red marks or bruises, but it causes no lasting damage.."
  5. (computer science) A command line notation allowing specification of optional behavior.
    Use the /b switch to specify black-and-white printing.
  6. (computing, programming) A programming construct that takes different actions depending on the value of an expression.
    • 2004, "Curt", Can I use IF statements, and still use switches? (on newsgroup microsoft.public.word.mailmerge.fields)
  7. (computing, networking) A networking device connecting multiple wires, allowing them to communicate simultaneously, when possible. Compare to the less efficient hub device that solely duplicates network packets to each wire.
  8. (telecommunications) A system of specialized relays, computer hardware, or other equipment which allows the interconnection of a calling party's telephone line with any called party's line.
  9. (BDSM) One who is willing to take either a sadistic or a masochistic role.
    • 2012, Terri-Jean Bedford, Bondage Bungalow Fantasies (page 99)
      Ideally, if one of your ladies happens to be a switch (or would be willing to switch for this scene), I would love to be able to inflict a little "revenge tickling" as well, as part of a scenario.
  10. A separate mass or tress of hair, or of some substance (such as jute) made to resemble hair, formerly worn on the head by women.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

switch (third-person singular simple present switches, present participle switching, simple past and past participle switched)

  1. (transitive) To exchange.
    • 2013 June 1, Ideas coming down the track”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 13 (Technology Quarterly):
      A “moving platform” scheme [] is more technologically ambitious than maglev trains even though it relies on conventional rails. Local trains would use side-by-side rails to roll alongside intercity trains and allow passengers to switch trains by stepping through docking bays.
    I want to switch this red dress for a green one.
  2. (transitive) To change (something) to the specified state using a switch.
    Switch the light on.
  3. (transitive) To whip or hit with a switch.
    • 1899, Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness, section 2
      They were looking on the ground, absorbed in thought. The manager was switching his leg with a slender twig: his sagacious relative lifted his head.
  4. (intransitive) To change places, tasks, etc.
    I want to switch to a different seat.
  5. (slang, intransitive) To get angry suddenly; to quickly or unreasonably become enraged.
  6. To swing or whisk.
    to switch a cane
  7. To be swung or whisked.
    The angry cat's tail switched back and forth.
  8. To trim.
    to switch a hedge
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)
  9. To turn from one railway track to another; to transfer by a switch; generally with off, from, etc.
    to switch off a train; to switch a car from one track to another
  10. (ecclesiastical) To shift to another circuit.

Translations

Adjective

switch (not comparable)

  1. (snowboarding) riding with the front and back feet swapped round compared to one's normal position.[1]

Coordinate terms

(snowboarding):

See also

References

  1. BBC Sport, "Sochi 2014: A jargon-busting guide to the halfpipe", 11 February 2014

Portuguese

Etymology

From English switch.

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈswit͡ʃ/

Noun

switch m (plural switches or switch)

  1. (networking) switch (device connecting multiple wires, allowing them to communicate simultaneously)
  2. (computing) switch (command line notation allowing specification of optional behaviour)
  3. (programming) switch (construct that takes different actions depending on the value of an expression)