Webster 1913 Edition
gærs; akin to OFries.
gers, OS., D., G., Icel., & Goth.
gräs, and prob. to E.
Popularly: Herbage; the plants which constitute the food of cattle and other beasts; pasture.
An endogenous plant having simple leaves, a stem generally jointed and tubular, the husks or glumes in pairs, and the seed single.
☞ This definition includes wheat, rye, oats, barley, etc., and excludes clover and some other plants which are commonly called by the name of grass. The grasses form a numerous family of plants.
The season of fresh grass; spring.
Two years old next
Metaphorically used for what is transitory.
Surely the people is
Is. xl. 7.
☞ Many plants are popularly called grasses which are not true grasses botanically considered, such as black
a kind of small rush (–
Juncus Gerardi), growing in salt marshes, used for making salt hay.
Grass of the Andes,
an oat grass, the–
Arrhenatherum avenaceumof Europe.
Grass of Parnassus,
a plant of the genus–
Parnassiagrowing in wet ground. The European species is
Parnassia palustris; in the United States there are several species.
the calico bass.–
a cloth woven from the tough fibers of the grass-cloth plant.–
a perennial herb of the Nettle family (–
Urtica nivea), which grows in Sumatra,
China, and Assam, whose inner bark has fine and strong fibers suited for textile purposes.
(a)A common American sparrow (
Poöcætes gramineus); – called also
(b)Any Australian finch, of the genus
Poëphila, of which several species are known.
a lamb suckled by a dam running on pasture land and giving rich milk.–
land kept in grass and not tilled.–
one of many small moths of the genus–
Crambus, found in grass.
a fragrant essential volatile oil, obtained in India from grasses of the genus–
Andropogon, etc.; – used in perfumery under the name of
ginger grass oil,
lemon grass oil,
essence of verbenaetc.
South African owl (–
ny of several species of Australian parrots, of the genus–
Euphemia; – also applied to the zebra parrakeet.
he upland or field plover.–
species of willowwort (
one of several tropical American finches of the genus–
Euetheia. The males have most of the head and chest black and often marked with yellow.
The common English, or ringed, snake (
The common green snake of the Northern United States. See–
Green snake, under
the pectoral sandpiper (–
Tringa maculata); – called also
a common spider (–
Agelena nævia), which spins flat webs on grass, conspicuous when covered with dew.
an inferior kind of commercial sponge from Florida and the Bahamas.–
Earth table, under
a vetch (–
Lathyrus Nissolia), with narrow grasslike leaves.
[Cf. Prov. R. an unmarried mother, G.
strohwittwea mock widow, Sw.
gräsenkaa grass widow.]
An unmarried woman who is a mother.
A woman separated from her husband by abandonment or prolonged absence; a woman living apart from her husband.
To bring to grass
to raise, as ore, to the surface of the ground.–
To put to grass,
To put out to grass
to put out to graze a season, as cattle.
imp. & p. p.
p. pr. & vb. n.
To cover with grass or with turf.
To expose, as flax, on the grass for bleaching, etc.
To bring to the grass or ground; to land;
as, to grass a fish.
To produce grass.
Webster 1828 Edition
1.In common usage, herbage; the plants which constitute the food of cattle and other beasts.
2.In botany, a plant having simple leaves, a stem generally jointed and tubular, a husky calyx, called glume, and the seed single. This definition includes wheat, rye, oats, barley, &c., and excludes clover and some other plants which are commonly called by the name of grass. The grasses form a numerous family of plants.
Grass of Parnassus, a plant, the Parnassia.