Webster 1913 Edition
The spotted deer (
Axis maculata) of India, where it is called
axisaxis, axle. See
A straight line, real or imaginary, passing through a body, on which it revolves, or may be supposed to revolve; a line passing through a body or system around which the parts are symmetrically arranged.
A straight line with respect to which the different parts of a magnitude are symmetrically arranged;
axisof a cylinder, i. e., the
axisof a cone, that is, the straight line joining the vertex and the center of the base; the
axisof a circle, any straight line passing through the center.
The stem; the central part, or longitudinal support, on which organs or parts are arranged; the central line of any body.
The second vertebra of the neck, or
Also used of the body only of the vertebra, which is prolonged anteriorly within the foramen of the first vertebra or atlas, so as to form the odontoid process or peg which serves as a pivot for the atlas and head to turn upon.
One of several imaginary lines, assumed in describing the position of the planes by which a crystal is bounded.
The primary or secondary central line of any design.
a line or ridge from which the strata slope downward on the two opposite sides.–
a line from which the strata slope upward in opposite directions, so as to form a valley.–
the neuraxis or essential, central substance of a nerve fiber; – called also–
axial fiber, and
Axis in peritrochio,
the wheel and axle, one of the mechanical powers.–
Axis of a curve
a straight line which bisects a system of parallel chords of a curve; called a–
principal axis, when cutting them at right angles, in which case it divides the curve into two symmetrical portions, as in the parabola, which has one such axis, the ellipse, which has two, or the circle, which has an infinite number. The two axes of the ellipse are the
major axisand the
minor axis, and the two axes of the hyperbola are the
transverse axisand the
Axis of a lens,
the straight line passing through its center and perpendicular to its surfaces.–
Axis of a microscopeor
Axis of a telescope
the straight line with which coincide the axes of the several lenses which compose it.–
Axes of coördinates in a plane,
two straight lines intersecting each other, to which points are referred for the purpose of determining their relative position: they are either rectangular or oblique.–
Axes of coördinates in space,
the three straight lines in which the coördinate planes intersect each other.–
Axis of a balance,
that line about which it turns.–
Axis of oscillation,
of a pendulum, a right line passing through the center about which it vibrates, and perpendicular to the plane of vibration.–
Axis of polarization,
the central line around which the prismatic rings or curves are arranged.
Axis of revolution
a straight line about which some line or plane is revolved, so that the several points of the line or plane shall describe circles with their centers in the fixed line, and their planes perpendicular to it, the line describing a surface of revolution, and the plane a solid of revolution.–
Axis of symmetry
any line in a plane figure which divides the figure into two such parts that one part, when folded over along the axis, shall coincide with the other part.–
Axis of the
equator, ecliptic, horizon(or other circle considered with reference to the sphere on which it lies)
the diameter of the sphere which is perpendicular to the plane of the circle.
Axis of the Ionic capital
a line passing perpendicularly through the middle of the eye of the volute.–
the line of demarcation between the horizontal elastic forces of tension and compression, exerted by the fibers in any cross section of a girder.–
Optic axis of a crystal,
the direction in which a ray of transmitted light suffers no double refraction. All crystals, not of the isometric system, are either uniaxial or biaxial.–
the straight line passing through the center of the pupil, and perpendicular to the surface of the eye.–
Radical axis of two circles
the straight line perpendicular to the line joining their centers and such that the tangents from any point of it to the two circles shall be equal to each other.–
the axis of a twisted column drawn spirally in order to trace the circumvolutions without.–
Axis of abscissasand
Axis of ordinates
Webster 1828 Edition
1.The straight line, real or imaginary, passing through a body, or which it revolves, or may revolve; as the axis of the earth.
2.In geometry, a straight line in a plain figure, about which it revolves to produce a solid.
3.In conic sections, a right line dividing the section into two equal parts, and cutting all its ordinates at right angles.
4.In mechanics, the axis of a balance is that line about which it moves, or rather turns.
The axis of oscillation is a right line parallel to the horizon passing through the center, about which a pendulum vibrates.
The axis in peritrochio is a wheel concentric with the base of a cylinder, and movable with it about its axis.
5.In optics, a particular ray of light from any object which falls perpendicularly on the eye.
6.In architecture, spiral axis is the axis of a twisted column spirally drawn in order to trace the circumvolutions without.
Aris of the Ionic capital is a line passing perpendicularly through the middle of the eye of the volute.
The axis of a vessel is an imaginary line passing through the middle of it, perpendicular to its base, and equally distant from its sides.
In botany, axis is a taper column in the center of some flowers or catkins, about which the other parts are disposed.
In anatomy, axis is the name of the second verteber of the neck; it has a tooth which enters into the first verteber, and this tooth is by some called the axis.