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Definition 2021


Koks

Koks

See also: koks and köks

German

Noun

Koks n (genitive Kokses, no plural)

  1. coke
  2. (informal, slang) cocaine
    • Mutter, der Mann mit dem Koks ist da. - Mother, the man with the coke is here. (pop song by Falco plays with the double meaning)

koks

koks

See also: Koks and köks

Czech

Noun

koks m

  1. coke (solid residue from roasting coal in a coke oven)
  2. (informal, slang) cocaine

Declension

Related terms

  • koksování n
  • koksovatelný
  • koksovací
  • koksovna f
  • koksárenský

References

  1. koks in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007

Danish

Noun

koks c

  1. genitive singular indefinite of kok

Icelandic

Noun

koks n

  1. coke

Latvian

Picture dictionary
kokskoks (1)
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augs
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augs

sakne
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sakne

stumbrs
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stumbrs

lapa
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lapa

skuja
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skuja

zars
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zars

auglis
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auglis

Etymology

From Proto-Baltic *kuok-, from Proto-Indo-European *kowk-, *kewk-, *kūk-, from the stem *kew- (to bend, to be bent). Meaning at first “bent wood, branch, stick,” it soon became “wood, tree.” It competed with mežs (< *medis), the original term for “wood, tree,” which soon acquired the meaning of “forest.” The original “branch, stick” meaning of koks can still be occasionally found (see below). Cognates include Lithuanian kúoka (stick with thick end, pounder, pestle), kúokas (stick with thick end; thick end of a stick; tuber; mace, club), ****à (stick), Bulgarian кука (kuka, spike, peg, wedge, hook, handle).[1]

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [kùoks]

Noun

koks m (1st declension)

  1. tree (perennial plant with woody stem or trunk, foliage, and roots)
    augļu koki ― fruit trees
    koku lapotnetree foliage
    koku puduris ― clump of trees
    jauktu koku mežs ― mixed tree forest
    koki šalc vējā ― the trees rustle in the wind
    nokaltis koks ― withered tree
    kails koks ― naked, bald (= leafless) tree
    zaļš koks ― green tree (i.e., with leaves)
    apsūnojis koks ― mossy tree
    simtgadīgs koks ― centenarian tree
    lapu koks ― deciduous (lit. leaf) tree
    skuju koks ― connifer (lit. needle 'tree)
    zāģēt, cirst kokus ― to saw, to axe trees
    koku tārpitree worms
    viens kā koks ― alone as a tree (= very lonely)
  2. timber (felled trees seen as a substance)
    Intas tēvs jau toreiz strādāja uz upes pie koku pludināšanas ― Inta's father at that time already worked at timber floating (log driving) on the river
    kalējs sāka vest kokus smēdei ― the blacksmith began to bring timber, wood to the forge
    koku dārzstimber corral (an enclosure for floating timber on a watercourse)
  3. logs, boards, planks
    grāvis uzplūdis, tiltiņam divi koki iznesti ― the ditch flooded, two logs (were) taken to the little bridge
  4. wood (timber seen as material for making things)
    koka ēkawooden building
    koka karotewooden spoon
    koka tupeleswooden shoes
    koka rotaļlietaswooden toys
    vecmodīga koka gulta ― old-fashioned wooden bed
  5. club, stick, rod (e.g., for hitting)
    skatos pēc kāda koka; kreisā roka man brīva, varētu šakāļus aizdzīt ― I look at some stick: (my) left arm is free, I could drive the shackals away
    viņš saņēmis par to kokus ― for this reason he took the sticks (= he was given corporal physical punishment)

Declension

Derived terms

References

  1. Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), koks”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Lithuanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [koks]

Adjective

kóks m (feminine kokià)

  1. what, which; what kind

Declension

Pronoun

kóks

  1. what, which

Declension

See also


Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɔks/

Noun

koks m inan

  1. coke (solid residue from roasting coal in a coke oven)
  2. (colloquial, sports) doping, especially anabolic steroids
  3. (slang) powder cocaine

Declension

Synonyms

Noun

koks m anim

  1. (slang, derogatory) a bodybuilder, especially one that uses steroids

Declension

Synonyms