late (comparative later, superlative latest)
- Near the end of a period of time.
- It was late in the evening when we finally arrived.
- Specifically, near the end of the day.
- It was getting late and I was tired.
- (usually not used comparatively) Associated with the end of a period.
- Late Latin is less fully inflected than classical Latin.
- Not arriving until after an expected time.
- Even though we drove as fast as we could, we were still late.
- Panos was so late that he arrived at the meeting after Antonio, who had the excuse of being in hospital for most of the night.
- Not having had an expected menstrual period.
- I'm late, honey. Could you buy a test?
- (not comparable, euphemistic) Deceased, dead: used particularly when speaking of the dead person's actions while alive. (Often used with "the"; see usage notes.)
1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 12, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
- To Edward […] he was terrible, nerve-inflaming, poisonously asphyxiating. He sat rocking himself in the late Mr. Churchill's swing chair, smoking and twaddling.
- Her late husband had left her well provided for.
- The piece was composed by the late Igor Stravinsky.
- Existing or holding some position not long ago, but not now; departed, or gone out of office.
- the late bishop of London; the late administration
- Recent — relative to the noun it modifies.
- 1914, Robert Frost, North of Boston, "A Hundred Collars":
- Lancaster bore him — such a little town, / Such a great man. It doesn't see him often / Of late years, though he keeps the old homestead / And sends the children down there with their mother […]
- (deceased): Late in this sense is unusual among English adjectives in that it qualifies named individuals (in phrases like the late Mary) without creating a contrast with another Mary who is not late. Contrast hungry: a phrase like the hungry Mary is usually only used if another Mary is under discussion who is not hungry.
near the end of a period of time
associated with the end of a period
not arriving until after an expected time
not having had an expected menstrual period
existing or holding some position not long ago, but not now
late (plural lates)
- (informal) A shift (scheduled work period) that takes place late in the day or at night.
- 2007, Paul W Browning, The Good Guys Wear Blue
- At about 11 pm one night in Corporation Street my watch were on van patrol and Yellow Watch were on late as usual.
late (comparative later, superlative latest)
- After a deadline has passed, past a designated time.
- We drove as fast as we could, but we still arrived late.
- formerly, especially in the context of service in a military unit.
- Colonel Easterwood, late of the 34th Carbines, was a guest at the dinner party.
- The Hendersons will all be there / Late of Pablo Fanque's Fair / What a scene!
— "Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite!", The Beatles
Terms derived from late (all senses)
- 2009 April 3, Peter T. Daniels, "Re: Has 'late' split up into a pair of homonyms?", message-ID <firstname.lastname@example.org>, alt.usage.english and sci.lang, Usenet.
- feminine plural of lato
late (genitive lattien, partitive latettu)
lātē (comparable lātius, superlative lātissimē)
- broadly, widely
- far and wide, everywhere
- lavishly, to excess
- late in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- late in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- the twigs are shooting out, spreading: rami late diffunduntur
- to have a wide extent: late patere (also metaphorically vid. sect. VIII. 8)
From Old Norse lát (“conduct, demeanour, voice, sound”, literally “let, letting, loss”) (from Proto-Germanic *lētiją (“behaviour”), from Proto-Indo-European *lēid-, *lēy- (“to leave, let”). Cognate with Middle Low German lāt (“outward appearance, gesture, manner”), Old English lǣtan (“to let”). More at let.
- Manner; behaviour; outward appearance or aspect.
- A sound; voice.
- c 1275-1499, King Alexander
- Than have we liking to lithe the lates of the foules.
Adverbial form of læt
- third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of latir
- second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of latir
- Informal second-person singular (tú) affirmative imperative form of latir.
- Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of latir.
- Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of latir.
- absolute definite natural masculine form of lat.