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Definition 2022


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Translingual

Stroke order

Han character

(radical 143 血+0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹月廿 (HBT), four-corner 27100, composition丿)

  1. Kangxi radical #143, (blood).

Derived characters

  • Index:Chinese radical/血

References

  • KangXi: page 1107, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33964
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1568, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3050, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8840

Chinese

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷiɡs, *qʰʷɯɡ
*qʰʷiːɡ
*sqʰʷiɡ
*sqʰʷiɡ
*sqʰʷiɡ
*sqʰʷiɡ
*qʰʷɯɡ
*qʰʷeːɡ

Pictogram (象形) :  +  (container).

A drop of blood inside a chalice for sacrificial uses.

Pronunciation



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɛ²¹⁴/
Harbin /ɕiɛ²¹³/
/ɕyɛ²¹³/
Tianjin /ɕie²¹/
/ɕye²¹/
Jinan /ɕyə²¹³/
/ɕiə²¹³/
Qingdao /ɕiə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ɕiɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiɛ²¹/
Xining /ɕi⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕie¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕyə¹³/
/ɕiə¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕiɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕie²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕye³¹/
Guiyang /ɕie²¹/
Kunming /ɕiɛ³¹/
Nanjing /ɕyeʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕyɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəʔ²/
Pingyao /ɕyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕyaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɕioʔ⁵/
/ɕyɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /ɕyəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /sz̩ʷəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ɕy²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕyeʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ɕyɛ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ɕie²⁴/
Xiangtan /ɕyæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕyɵʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /hiat̚¹/
Taoyuan /hiet̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hyt̚³/
Nanning /hyt̚³³/
Hong Kong /hyt̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiat̚³²/
/huiʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /haiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuai²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hueʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hue⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (88)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hwet̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/hʷet̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/xuɛt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwɛt̚/
Li
Rong
/xuet̚/
Wang
Li
/xiwet̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xiwet̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xue
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xuè
Middle
Chinese
‹ xwet ›
Old
Chinese
/*m̥ˤik/
English blood

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14098
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰʷiːɡ/

Definitions

  1. blood
       Liúxiě le.   It's bleeding.
  2. blood relations; kinship
  3. firm, unyielding, ardent
  4. (literary) tears

Compounds


Japanese

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Noun

(hiragana , romaji chi)

  1. blood

Kanji

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

Compounds


Korean

Hanja

(hyeol) (hangeul , revised hyeol, McCune-Reischauer hyŏl, Yale hyel)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Mulam

Noun

(phɣa:t7)

  1. blood

Okinawan

Kanji

(hiragana ちー, romaji chii)

Etymology

Cognate with mainland Japanese (chi).

Noun

(hiragana ちー, romaji chii)

  1. blood

Vietnamese

Han character

(huyết, hoét, tiết)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.