- A city on the Tiber River on the Italian peninsula, the capital of a former empire and of the modern region of Lazio and nation of Italy.
- c. 1368, Geoffrey Chaucer, The Legend of Good Women, 1869:
- Ne never was ther kyng in Rome tovn Syn thilke day.
- c. 1380, Geoffrey Chaucer translating Boethius, The Consolation of Philosophy, I iv 441:
- Now I am remewed fro þe Citee of rome almost fyue-hundreþ þousand pas.
- c. 1599, William Shakespeare, The Tragedie of Iulius Cæsar, I ii 157:
- When could they say (till now) that talk'd of Rome,
That her wide Walles incompast but one man?
Now is it Rome indeed, and Roome enough
When there is in it but one onely man.
- 1866 December 8, 'Filius Ecclesiæ', Notes & Queries, "Rome:Room", 456 1:
- Within the last thirty weeks I have heard the word Rome pronounced Room by several old-fashioned people in the north of Ireland, some of my own relations among the number. On remonstrating with one of these, she said, "It was always Room when I was at school (say about 1830), and I am too old to change it now."
- Ancient Rome; the former Roman Empire; Roman civilization.
- 1594, William Shakespeare, Titus Andronicus, I i 82:
- These that suruiue, let Rome reward with loue.
- 1711, Alexander Pope, "An Essay on Criticism", 39:
- Learning and Rome alike in Empire grew,
And Arts still follow'd where her Eagles flew;
From the same Foes [viz., Tyranny and Superstition], at last, both felt their Doom,
And the same Age saw Learning fall, and Rome.
- 1820, Lord Byron, Marino Faliero, V i:
- A wife's dishonour unking'd Rome for ever.
- The Holy See, the leadership of the Roman Catholic Church, particularly prior to the establishment of the Vatican City in the 19th century.
- The Church of Rome, the Roman Catholic Church generally.
- Arabic: رُومَا f (rūmā)
- Armenian: Հռոմ (Hṙom)
- Catalan: Roma f
- Czech: Řím (cs) m
- Danish: Romerriget, Det Romerske Kejserrige
- Esperanto: Romio
- Greek: ρωμαϊκή αυτοκρατορία f (romaïkí aftokratoría)
- Hebrew: רוֹמִי f (rómi)
- Japanese: ローマ帝国 (rōma teikoku)
- Khmer: រ៉ូម (km) (room)
↑ Oxford English Dictionary. "Rome, n."
- plural of Roma
- le due Rome, the two Romes
- c. 1050, Orosius, Hist., II iv 44:
- Ond nu ure cristne Roma bespricð þæt hiere wealles for ealdunge brosnien, nales na for þæm þe hio mid forheriunge swa gebismrad wære swa Babylonia wæs. Ac heo for hiere cristendome nugiet is gescild.
- c. 1150, The Blickling Homilies, 191:
- Ic wille gangan to Rome.
- Rume (Anglo-Norman)
- Rumme (Anglo-Norman)
From Latin Rōma.
- Rome (city)