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Definition 2022


Essen

Essen

See also: essen

English

Proper noun

Essen

  1. A large industrial city in Germany.
  2. A surname.

Translations


German

Etymology 1

From Old High German ezzan, akin to Old Saxon etan, compare Dutch eten

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛsən/

Noun

Essen n (genitive Essens, plural Essen)

  1. meal
  2. eating
  3. food
  4. groceries
    Man sollte mit den Kindern Essen einkaufen gehen
    One should buy groceries together with the kids.
    • 2010 July 28, “Mit Kindern gemeinsam Essen einkaufen gehen”, in (Please provide the title of the work):
      Mit Kindern gemeinsam Essen einkaufen gehen
Declension
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From the Old High German essa.

Noun

Essen

  1. plural form of Esse

Proper noun

Essen n (genitive Essens)

  1. A large industrial city in Germany.

essen

essen

See also: Essen

Dutch

Noun

essen

  1. Plural form of es

German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈʔɛsn̩]

Etymology

From Middle High German ezzen, from Old High German ezzan, from Proto-Germanic *etaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ed-. Cognate with Low German eten, Dutch eten, English eat, Danish æde, Norwegian ete, Swedish äta, and Gothic 𐌹𐍄𐌰𐌽 (itan). Non-Germanic cognates include Latin edō, Russian есть (jestʹ), Scottish Gaelic ith.

Verb

essen (class 5 strong, third-person singular simple present isst, past tense , past participle gegessen, past subjunctive äße, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to eat
    Er isst gern Schokolade. — “He likes eating chocolate.”
    Ich esse einen Apfel. — “I am eating an apple.”
  2. (intransitive) to eat; to dine
    Wir haben noch nicht gegessen. — “We have not eaten yet.”
    Sie haben immer vor 9 Uhr abends gegessen. (or, Sie aßen immer vor 9 Uhr abends.) — “They always ate before 9 o’clock in the evening.”

Conjugation

Synonyms

Derived terms

Related terms


Swedish

Noun

essen

  1. definite plural of ess