Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Batten

Bat′ten

(băt′t’n)
,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Battened
(băt′t’nd)
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Battening
.]
[See
Batful
.]
1.
To make fat by plenteous feeding; to fatten.
Battening our flocks.”
Milton.
2.
To fertilize or enrich, as land.

Bat′ten

,
Verb.
I.
To grow fat; to grow fat in ease and luxury; to glut one’s self.
Dryden.
The pampered monarch lay
battening
in ease.
Garth.
Skeptics, with a taste for carrion, who
batten
on the hideous facts in history, – persecutions, inquisitions.
Emerson.

Bat′ten

,
Noun.
[F.
bâton
stick, staff. See
Baton
.]
A strip of sawed stuff, or a scantling;
as,
(a)
pl.
(Com. & Arch.)
Sawed timbers about 7 by 2 1/2 inches and not less than 6 feet long.
Brande & C.
(b)
(Naut.)
A strip of wood used in fastening the edges of a tarpaulin to the deck, also around masts to prevent chafing.
(c)
A long, thin strip used to strengthen a part, to cover a crack, etc.
Batten door
(Arch.)
,
a door made of boards of the whole length of the door, secured by battens nailed crosswise.

Bat′ten

,
Verb.
T.
To furnish or fasten with battens.
To batten down
,
to fasten down with battens, as the tarpaulin over the hatches of a ship during a storm.

Bat′ten

,
Noun.
[F.
battant
. See
Batter
,
Verb.
T.
]
The movable bar of a loom, which strikes home or closes the threads of a woof.

Webster 1828 Edition


Batten

BAT'TEN

,
Verb.
T.
bat'n. [See Fat.]
1.
To fatten; to make fat; to make plump by plenteous feeding.
2.
To fertilize or enrich land.

BAT'TEN

,
Verb.
I.
To grow or become fat; to live in luxury, or to grow fat in ease and luxury.
The pampered monarch battening in ease.

BAT'TEN

,
Noun.
A piece of board or scantling, of a few inches in breadth, used in making doors and windows. It is not as broad as a panel.

BAT'TEN

,
Verb.
T.
To form with battens.

Definition 2022


batten

batten

English

Verb

batten (third-person singular simple present battens, present participle battening, simple past and past participle battened)

  1. (intransitive) To become better; improve in condition, especially by feeding.
  2. (intransitive) To feed on; to revel in.
    • 1890, Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray, ch. XIV:
      The brain had its own food on which it battened, and the imagination, made grotesque by terror, twisted and distorted as a living thing by pain, danced like some foul puppet on a stand and grinned through moving masks.
  3. (intransitive) To thrive by feeding; grow fat; feed oneself gluttonously.
    • Garth
      The pampered monarch lay battening in ease.
    • Emerson
      Skeptics, with a taste for carrion, who batten on the hideous facts in history []
  4. (intransitive) To thrive, prosper, or live in luxury, especially at the expense of others; fare sumptuously.
    Robber barons who battened on the poor
  5. (intransitive) To gratify a morbid appetite or craving; gloat.
  6. (transitive) To improve by feeding; fatten; make fat or cause to thrive due to plenteous feeding.
    • Milton
      battening our flocks
  7. (transitive) To fertilize or enrich, as land.
Derived terms
Related terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English bataunt, batent (finished board), from Old French batent (beating)

Noun

batten (plural battens)

  1. A thin strip of wood used in construction to hold members of a structure together or to provide a fixing point.
  2. (nautical) A long strip of wood, metal, fibreglass etc., used for various purposes aboard ship, especially one inserted in a pocket sewn on the sail in order to keep the sail flat.
  3. In stagecraft, a long pipe, usually metal, affixed to the ceiling or fly system in a theater.
  4. The movable bar of a loom, which strikes home or closes the threads of a woof.
Translations

Verb

batten (third-person singular simple present battens, present participle battening, simple past and past participle battened)

  1. To furnish with battens.
  2. (nautical) To fasten or secure a hatch etc using battens.
Derived terms
Translations

l|

References

  • FM 55-501 Marine Crewman’s Handbook

German

Alternative forms

Etymology

Unsettled. A comparable form is synonymous Dutch baten, which pertains to the Germanic root at hand in English batten and better. At least a secondary relation with this Dutch verb seems certain. However, its regular cognate is Old High German bazzen (to batten), which would have led to modern *bassen, bässen. Mere borrowing from Low German or Dutch is unlikely since the verb has -t- in western Upper German and a corresponding -d- in many dialects of West Central German. Possibly two distinct roots have been merged.

Verb

batten (third-person singular simple present battet, past tense battete, past participle gebattet, auxiliary haben)

  1. (obsolete, western Germany) to be useful, to be of use, to help

Synonyms