Definify.com

Definition 2022


U+7A74, 穴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7A74

[U+7A73]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7A75]
See also: and

Translingual

Stroke order

Han character

(radical 116 穴+0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 十金 (JC), four-corner 30802)

  1. Kangxi radical #116, (cave).

References

  • KangXi: page 862, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25406
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1288, character 37
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2718, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7A74

Chinese

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷliːɡ
*qʰʷliːɡ, *ɡʷliːɡ
*ɡʷliːɡ
*ɡʷliːɡ, *ɢʷjiɡ
*ɢʷiɡ

Pronunciation



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕyɛ⁵¹/
/ɕyɛ³⁵/
Harbin /ɕyɛ⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕye⁵³/
Jinan /ɕyə⁴²/
Qingdao /ɕyə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕyɛ⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕiɛ²⁴/
Xining /ɕi²⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕye¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕyə¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕyɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕye²¹³/
/ɕie²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕie³¹/
Guiyang /ɕie²¹/
Kunming /ɕiɛ³¹/
Nanjing /ɕyeʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕyɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /ɕyʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /ɕyaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦioʔ¹/
/ɦyɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦyəʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦyəʔ²/
Wenzhou /jy²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕye²²/
Tunxi /ɕyɛ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ɕie²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰyæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕyɵʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /hiat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /hiet̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jyt̚²/
Nanning /yt̚²²/
Hong Kong /jyt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiat̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiɛ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huak̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hit̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (88)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦwet̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷet̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɛt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwɛt̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣuet̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣiwet̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣiwet̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xué
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xué
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwet ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷˤi[t]/
English cave, pit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14092
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷliːɡ/

Definitions

  1. hole
  2. cave, cavern, lair, den

Compounds

References


Japanese

Kanji

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. hole, opening

Readings

Compounds

Kanji in this term
あな
Grade: 6
kun'yomi

Pronunciation

Noun

(hiragana あな, romaji ana)

  1. hole
  2. opening, aperture
  3. pit
  4. cave, cavern
  5. lair, den, burrow
  6. loss, deficit
  7. flaw, defect

Synonyms

References

  1. 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean

Hanja

(hyeol)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: hyŏl, Yale: hyel)
  • Name (hangeul): 구멍 (revised: gumeong)
  1. (구멍 혈, gumeong-): hole, hollow
  2. (구덩이 혈, gudeong'i-): pit, ditch
  3. ( 혈, gul-): cave, cavern, cavity; den, burrow, sett
  4. ( 혈, um-): dugout

Synonyms

Compounds


Vietnamese

Han character

(huyệt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.