| Stroke order|
木 (radical 75 木+0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 木 (D), four-corner 40900)
Kangxi radical #75, ⽊ (“tree”).
- Index:Chinese radical/木
- 牀 床 雧 集 本
- KangXi: page 509, character 1
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14415
- Dae Jaweon: page 888, character 13
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1149, character 6
- Unihan data for U+6728
|Characters in the same phonetic series (木) (Zhengzhang, 2003) |
Pictogram (象形) – a tree: branches on top, roots on the bottom (more visible in earlier forms).
No known cognate exists. It can perhaps be compared with Proto-Karen *məŋᴮ (“trunk (of a tree); firewood”) (Starostin) or Proto-Lolo-Burmese *ʔmuk (“stump (of a tree)”) (Schuessler, 2007).
The common Sino-Tibetan root for “tree; wood” is *siŋ ~ sik, represented by 薪 (OC *siŋ, “firewood”).
- Synonyms: 樹／树 (shù)
- 樹木 / 树木 ― shùmù ― tree
- wood; timber
- 木頭 / 木头 ― mùtou ― log
- 這張桌子是木的。 / 这张桌子是木的。 ― Zhè zhāng zhuōzǐ shì mù de. ― This table is made of wood
- simple; plain; slow; emotionless
- 木訥 / 木讷 ― mùnè ― plain spoken, slow and inarticulate
- 棺木 ― guānmù ― coffin
- 就木 ― jiùmù ― to die (to enter one's coffin)
- (Mandarin, neologism, slang) Eye dialect spelling of 沒.
- 有木有 ― yǒumùyǒu ― d'ya have…
- 麻木 ― mámù ― numb, insensitive
- 她手指凍木了。 / 她手指冻木了。 ― Tā shǒuzhǐ dòng mù le. ― Her fingers were numb with cold.
(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)
/ki2/: [kɨ], from [ki]
From Old Japanese. Likely developed from fusion of older form ko + い (i, emphatic nominative particle), similar to the sound changes at work in 神 in the shift from kamu to kami.
Now the modern Japanese word.
木 (hiragana き, romaji ki)
- a tree; a shrub
- wood, timber, lumber
- (graph theory, computer science) a tree (data structure)
- 猿も木から落ちる (saru mo ki kara ochiru): “even monkeys fall from trees”, i.e. even experts make mistakes
Old Japanese. Possibly an intermediate form. Obsolete in modern Japanese, and never found in isolation; remains in certain place names. Even in ancient times, its use was apparently limited to eastern dialects.
木 (hiragana け, romaji ke)
- a tree
- 麻都能氣乃 奈美多流美礼波 伊波妣等乃 和例乎美於久流等 多々理之母己呂
- 松の木の 並みたる見れば 家人の 我れを見送ると 立たりしもころ
まつのけの なみたるみれば いはびとの われをみおくると たたりしもころ
Matsu no ke no / namitaru mireba / iwabito no / ware o miokuru to / tatari shi mokoro
- Looking at the pine trees all in a row, they were just like the people from the household standing to see me off
/ko2/: [kə], from [ko̞]
Old Japanese. Likely the original form. Obsolete in modern Japanese, and never found in isolation; only found in compounds and certain idioms.
木 (hiragana こ, romaji ko)
- a tree
- 木高し (こだかし, kodakashi)
- 木霊 (こだま, kodama)
- 木隠れ (こがくれ, kogakure)
- 木陰 (こかげ, kokage)
- 木の葉 (このは, konoha)
- 木立 (こだち, kodachi)
From Middle Chinese 木 (muwk). The goon reading, so likely the original borrowing. Compare modern Cantonese 木 (muk6).
木 (hiragana もく, romaji moku)
- a tree
- short for 木曜日 (Mokuyōbi): Thursday
- When written in romaji, often capitalized as Moku.
- wood grain
- Often written 杢.
From Middle Chinese 木. The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing. Compare literary Min Nan 木 (bo̍k).
木 (-na inflection, hiragana ぼく, romaji boku)
- (derogatory) wooden, as of a person's character or behavior
- (derogatory) wooden, as of a person's mental abilities: blockheaded, stupid, dimwitted
木 (hiragana ぼく, romaji boku)
- a tree; more specifically, a living tree
- the bent and gnarled trunk or roots of an old tree
- wood, lumber
- something made of wood
- in ancient China, a wooden musical instrument
1 2 3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
↑ 1988, 国語大辞典（新装版） (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
↑ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 20, poem 4375); text here
木 • (mok)
Sound (hangeul): 목 (revised: mok, McCune-Reischauer: mok, Yale: mok)
Name (hangeul): 나무 (revised: namu, McCune-Reischauer: namu, Yale: namu)
- This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text
- (나무 목, namu-): wood
- (as an abbreviation) Thursday