Webster 1913 Edition
p. pr. & vb. n.
swerian; akin to D.
svaerge, Icel. & Sw.
svarato answer, Dan.
svare, Dan. & Sw.
svaran answer, Goth.
swaranto swear, and perhaps to E.
swarm. √177. Cf.
To affirm or utter a solemn declaration, with an appeal to God for the truth of what is affirmed; to make a promise, threat, or resolve on oath; also, to affirm solemnly by some sacred object, or one regarded as sacred, as the Bible, the Koran, etc.
swearby my name falsely.
Lev. xix. 12.
swearby all the Roman gods.
To give evidence on oath;
swearto the truth of a statement; he
sworeagainst the prisoner
To make an appeal to God in an irreverant manner; to use the name of God or sacred things profanely; to call upon God in imprecation; to curse.
sworelittle; diced not above seven times a week.
To swear by,
to place great confidence in a person or thing; to trust implicitly as an authority.“I simply meant to ask if you are one of those who swear by Lord Verulam.”
To swear off,
to make a solemn vow, or a serious resolution, to abstain from something;
to swear offsmoking
To utter or affirm with a solemn appeal to God for the truth of the declaration; to make (a promise, threat, or resolve) under oath.
Swearunto me here by God, that thou wilt not deal falsely with me.
Gen. xxi. 23.
sworeconsent to your succession.
To put to an oath; to cause to take an oath; to administer an oath to; – ofetn followed by in or into;
sweara jury; to
swearin an officer; he was
To declare or charge upon oath;
sworetreason against his friend
To appeal to by an oath.
Now, by Apollo, king,
swear’stthy gods in vain.
To swear the peace against one,
to make oath that one is under the actual fear of death or bodily harm from the person, in which case the person must find sureties that he will keep the peace.
Webster 1828 Edition
1.To affirm or utter a solemn declaration, with an appeal to God for the truth of what is affirmed.
Ye shall not swear by my name falsely. Lev.19.
But I say unto you, swear not at all. Matt.5.
2.To promise upon oath.
Jacob said, swear to me this day; and he swore to him. Gen.25.
3.To give evidence an oath; as, to swear to the truth of a statement. He swore that the prisoner was not present at the riot.
4.To be profane; to practice profaneness.
Certain classes of men are accustomed to swear. For men to swear is sinful, disreputable and odious; but for females or ladies to swear, appears more abominable and scandalous.
1.To put to an oath; to cause to take an oath; as, to swear witnesses in court; to swear a jury; the witness has been sworn; the judges are sworn into office.
2.To declare or charge upon oath; as, to swear treason against a man.
3.To obtest by an oath.
Now by Apollo, king, thou swear'st thy gods in vain.
To swear the peace against one, to make oath that one is under the actual fear of death or bodily harm from the person; in which case the person must find sureties of the peace.