Webster 1913 Edition
A thought or a consideration offered in support of a determination or an opinion; a just ground for a conclusion or an action; that which is offered or accepted as an explanation; the efficient cause of an occurrence or a phenomenon; a motive for an action or a determination; proof, more or less decisive, for an opinion or a conclusion; principle; efficient cause; final cause; ground of argument.
I’ll give him
reasonof the motion of the balance in a wheel watch is by the motion of the next wheel.
Sir M. Hale.
reasondid the ancient fathers render, why the church was called “catholic.”
Virtue and vice are not arbitrary things; but there is a natural and eternal
reasonfor that goodness and virtue, and against vice and wickedness.
The faculty or capacity of the human mind by which it is distinguished from the intelligence of the inferior animals; the higher as distinguished from the lower cognitive faculties, sense, imagination, and memory, and in contrast to the feelings and desires. Reason comprises conception, judgment, reasoning, and the intuitional faculty. Specifically, it is the intuitional faculty, or the faculty of first truths, as distinguished from the understanding, which is called the discursive or ratiocinative faculty.
We have no other faculties of perceiving or knowing anything divine or human, but by our five senses and our
In common and popular discourse,
reasondenotes that power by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from wrong, and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of particular ends.
Reasonis used sometimes to express the whole of those powers which elevate man above the brutes, and constitute his rational nature, more especially, perhaps, his intellectual powers; sometimes to express the power of deduction or argumentation.
By the pure
reasonI mean the power by which we become possessed of principles.
The sense perceives; the understanding, in its own peculiar operation, conceives; the
reason, or rationalized understanding, comprehends.
Due exercise of the reasoning faculty; accordance with, or that which is accordant with and ratified by, the mind rightly exercised; right intellectual judgment; clear and fair deductions from true principles; that which is dictated or supported by the common sense of mankind; right conduct; right; propriety; justice.
I was promised, on a time,
reasonfor my rhyme.
But law in a free nation hath been ever public
reason; the enacted
reasonof a parliament, which he denying to enact, denies to govern us by that which ought to be our law; interposing his own private
reason, which to us is no law.
The most probable way of bringing France to
reasonwould be by the making an attempt on the Spanish West Indies.
By reason of,
by means of; on account of; because of.“Spain is thin sown of people, partly by reason of the sterility of the soil.”
In all reason,
in justice; with rational ground; in a right view.
When anything is proved by as good arguments as a thing of that kind is capable of, we ought not,–
in reason, to doubt of its existence.
It is reason,
it is reasonable; it is right.
Yet it were great
reason, that those that have children should have greatest care of future times.
imp. & p. p.
p. pr. & vb. n.
To exercise the rational faculty; to deduce inferences from premises; to perform the process of deduction or of induction; to ratiocinate; to reach conclusions by a systematic comparison of facts.
Hence: To carry on a process of deduction or of induction, in order to convince or to confute; to formulate and set forth propositions and the inferences from them; to argue.
Stand still, that I may
reasonwith you, before the Lord, of all the righteous acts of the Lord.
1 Sam. xii. 7.
To converse; to compare opinions.
To arrange and present the reasons for or against; to examine or discuss by arguments; to debate or discuss;
reasonedthe matter with my friend
When they are clearly discovered, well digested, and well
reasonedin every part, there is beauty in such a theory.
To support with reasons, as a request.
To persuade by reasoning or argument;
reasonone into a belief; to
reasonone out of his plan.
Men that will not be
reasonedinto their senses.
To overcome or conquer by adducing reasons; – with down;
reasondown a passion
To find by logical processes; to explain or justify by reason or argument; – usually with
reasonout the causes of the librations of the moon
Webster 1828 Edition
1.That which is thought or which is alleged in words, as the ground or cause of opinion, conclusion or determination. I have reasons which I may choose not to disclose. You ask me my reasons. I freely give my reasons. The judge assigns good reasons for his opinion, reasons which justify his decision. Hence in general,
2.The cause, ground, principle or motive of any thing said or done; that which supports or justifies a determination, plan or measure.
Virtue and vice are not arbitrary things; but there is a natural and eternal reason for that goodness and virtue, and against vice and wickedness. 1Peter 3.
3.Efficient cause. He is detained by reason of sickness.
Spain in thin sown of people, partly by reason of its sterility of soil
The reason of the motion of the balance in a wheel-watch is by motion of the next wheel.
Reason, in the English language, is sometimes taken for true and clear principles; sometimes for clear and fair deductions; sometimes for the cause, particularly the final cause.
5.A faculty of the mind by which it distinguishes truth from falsehood, and good from evil, and which enables the possessor to deduce inferences from facts or from propositions.
Self-love, the spring of motion, acts the soul, reason's comparing balance rules the whole - That sees immediate good by present sense, reason the future and the consequence.
Reason is the director of man's will.
6.Ratiocination; the exercise of reason.
But when by reason she the truth has found -
7.Right; justice; that which is dictated or supported by reason. Every man claims to have reason on his side.
I was promised on a time to have reason for my rhyme.
8.Reasonable claim; justice.
God brings good out of evil, and therefore it were but reason we should trust God to govern his own world.
9.Rationale; just account.
This reason did the ancient fathers render, why the church was called catholic.
10.Moderation; moderate demands; claims which reason and justice admit or prescribe.
The most probable way of bringing France to reason, would be by the making an attempt on the Spanish West Indies -
In reason, in all reason, in justice; with rational ground.
When any thing is proved by as good arguments as a thing of that kind is capable of, we ought not in reason to doubt of its existence.