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Webster 1913 Edition


Previous

Pre′vi-ous

,
Adj.
[L.
praevius
going before, leading the way;
prae
before +
via
the way. See
Voyage
.]
Going before in time; being or happening before something else; antecedent; prior;
as,
previous
arrangements; a
previous
illness.
The dull sound . . .
previous
to the storm,
Rolls o’er the muttering earth.
Thomson.
Previous question
.
(Parliamentary Practice)
See under
Question
, and compare
Closure
.
Previous to
,
before; – often used adverbially for previously.
Previous to publication.”
M. Arnold.
“A policy . . . his friends had advised previous to 1710.”
J. H. Newman.
Syn. – Antecedent; preceding; anterior; prior; foregoing; former.

Webster 1828 Edition


Previous

PRE'VIOUS

,
Adj.
[L. proevius; proe, before, and via, way, that is, a going.] Going before in time; being or happening before something else; antecedent; prior; as a previous intimation of a design; a previous notion; a previous event.
Sound from the mountain, previous to the storm,
Rolls o'er the muttering earth.

Definition 2022


previous

previous

English

Alternative forms

Adjective

previous (not comparable)

  1. Prior; occurring before something else, either in time or order.
    • Thomson
      The dull sound [] previous to the storm, / Rolls o'er the muttering earth.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, “Foreword”, in The China Governess:
      He stood transfixed before the unaccustomed view of London at night time, a vast panorama which reminded him [] of some wood engravings far off and magical, in a printshop in his childhood. They dated from the previous century and were coarsely printed on tinted paper, with tinsel outlining the design.
    He is no better than the previous Prime Minister.
  2. (informal) Premature; acting or occurring too soon.
    • 2010, Gerald Lynch, Roughnecks, Drillers, and Tool Pushers
      I was a bit previous it turned out, as I worked short-handed for ten days before I could find another hand.

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Noun

previous (uncountable)

  1. (informal, Britain) An existing criminal record (short for "previous convictions"); loosely, a track record of similar behaviour.
    It turned out the shoplifter had a lot of previous.
    • November 2 2014, Daniel Taylor, "Sergio Agüero strike wins derby for Manchester City against 10-man United," guardian.co.uk
      For that Smalling will have to do his time grazing in the scapegoat’s paddock because his contribution here supplied hard evidence of a player lacking the football intelligence that is needed at the highest level. He has previous on that front and it is difficult to find any mitigation for the way he scythed down James Milner when the first rule for a defender on a yellow card is not to dive in unless it is absolutely necessary.

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